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PRACTICETEST 1 .- 155 PRACTICE TEST 1 ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND C OMPOSITION E XAM SECTION I; M ultiple-Choice Q uestions T otal t ime; 1 h our N umber o...

53. Footnote 5 tells ~s that Horace Kallen's views first appeared in
(A) a British newspaper
(B) the collected presentations from a conference on immigrants
(C) a journal
(D) an edited collection of several works on the topic of
(E) a book by Kallen
5,4. The author included the footnotes in order to
(A) justify his position
(B) pose the selective two contrasting debate concerns in. a proper
(C) suggest that he is not alone in his view of the supremacy of
cultural pluralism
(D) derme the extent of the voices engaged in the argument over
cultural pluralism and Americanization
(E) clarify the correct order in which his own ideas proceeded
PRACTICETEST 1 .:- 155 PRACTICE TEST 1 5 10 15 20 25 30 ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION EXAM SECTION I; Multiple-Choice Questions Total time; 1 hour Number of questions; 54 Directions: This part consists of selections from prose works and questions on their content, form, and style. After reading each passage, choose the best answer to each question. Note: Pay particular attention to the requirement of questions that include the words NOT, LEAST, or EXCEPT. Questions 1-13 are based on the following passage.from "Debtors' Prisons: written by Samuel Johnson in 1758. Read the passage carefully before you choose your answers. Sir, As I was passing lately under one of the gates ofthis city, I Was struck with horror by a rueful cry, which summoned me 'to remember the poor debtors'. The wisdom and justice of the English laws are, by Englishmen at least, loudly celebrated; but scarcely the most zealous admirers of our institutions can think that law wise which, when men are capable of work, obliges them to beg; or just which exposes the liberty of one to the passions of another. The prosperity of a people is proportionate to the number -of hands and minds usefully employed. To the community sedition is a fever, corruption is a gangrene, and idleness an atrophy. Whatever body, and whatever society, wastes more than it acquires must gradually decay; and every being that continues to be fed, and ceases to labour, takes away something from the public stock. The confinement, therefore, of any man in the sloth and darkness of a prison is a loss to the nation, and no gain to the creditor. For of the multitudes who are pining in those cells of misery, a very small part is suspected of any fraudulent act by which they retain what belongs to others. The rest are imprisoned by the wantonness of pride, the . malignity of revenge, or the acrimony of disappointed expectation. If those who thus rigorously exercise the power which the law has put into their hands be asked why they continue to imprison those whom they know to be unable to pay them, one will answer that his debtor once lived better than himself; another that his wife looked above her neighbours, and his children went in silk clothes to the dancing school; and another, that he pretended to be a joker and a wit. Some will reply that if they were in debt they should meet with the same treatment; some, that they ---~_.""'r.~f.~."?'.j~:~~-
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,I Ii j 'j, . , , . '~ ! ',I '1'1;' ,'I 'J. 156 .:. PRACTICE TEST 1 35 owe no more than they can pay, and need therefore give no account of their actions. Some will confess their resolution that their debtors shall rot in jail; and some will discover that they hope, by cruelty, to wring payment from their 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 friends., .. Since poverty is punished among us as a crime, it ought at least to be treated with the same lenity as other crimes; the offender ought not to languish at the will of him whom he has offended, but to be allowed some appeal to the justice of his country. There can be no reason why any debtor should be imprisoned, but that he may be compelled to payment; and a term should'therefore be fixed in which the creditor should exhibit his accusation of concealed property. If such property can be discovered. let it be given to the creditor; if the charge is not offered, or cannot be proved, let the prisoner be dismissed .... ' . Many of the inhabitants of prisons may justly complain of harder treatment. He that once owes more than he can pay is often obliged to bribe his creditor to patience, by increasing his debt. Worse and worse commodities, at a higher and higher price, are forced upon him; he is impoverished by compulsive traffic, and at iast overwhelmed, in the common receptacles of misery, by debts which, without his own consent, were accumulated on his head. To the relief of this distress, no other objection can be made but that by an easy dissolution of debts, fraud will be left without punishment, and imprudence without awe, and that when insolvency shall be ,no longer punishable, credit will cease. The motive to credit is the hope of advantage. Commerce can never be at a stop while one man wants what another can supply; and credit will never be denied while it is likely to be repaid with profit. He that trusts one whom he designs to sue is criminal by the act of trust; the cessation of such insidious traffic is to be desired, and no reason can be given why a change of the law should impair any other. We see nation trade with nation, where no payment can. be compelled. Mutual convenience produces mutual confidence, and the merchants continue to satisfy the demands of each other, though they have nothing to dread but the loss of trade. It is vain to continue an institution which experience shows to be ineffectual. We have now imprisoned one generation of debtors after another, but we do not find that their numbers lessen. We have now learned that rashness and imprudence will not be deterred from taking credit; let us try whether fraud and avarice may be more easily restrained from giving it.
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