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• What are Socrates’s ideas on how we “come to know”? What...

• What are Socrates’s ideas on how we “come to know”? What example does Socrates use to Meno, found on p. 56 of Philosophy: The Power of Ideas. Write a 350- to 700-word essay on the following: • prove his point? • Do you agree with Socrates’s ideas? • Using the Socratic method and The Good Thinker’s Tool Kit, formulate at least one question you would ask Socrates about his views on knowledge. Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

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63 4 Aristotle Motion being eternal, the first mover, if there is but one, will be eternal also. —Aristotle lato’s most distinguished pupil was Aristotle (384–322 B . C . E .), on whom Plato had a tremendous influence. Aristotle was eventually hired to teach Alexander the Great, and Alexander attributed his happiness to his teacher, Aristotle. Nevertheless, it is a good bet that Alexander, who conquered the world, was not preoccupied with philosophy. We noted earlier we owe the term metaphysics to Aristotle, or at least to those who cataloged his works. But metaphysics formed just a part of Aristotle’s interests. Aristotle was interested in every subject that came along, and he had something rea- sonably intelligent to say about all of them, from poetry to physics, from biology to friendship. Aristotle’s books are more systematic than are Plato’s, which provides evi- dence of his more painstaking attention to nature. It should tell you something, however, that, although Plato is a main staple of any decent literature program, Aristotle is not. Cicero did praise Aristotle for his “copious and golden eloquence,” but many Fnd Aristotle a bit tedious. Maybe that is because what we have from Aristotle is mainly lecture notes edited by some of his students. Nevertheless, Aristotle was a careful observer and a brilliant theorizer, and his thought influenced philosophy in the future. Some Ffteen centuries after his death, he was considered the deFnitive authority on all subjects outside religion, a fact that may have impeded more than it helped scientiFc progress because science, to get anywhere, cannot assume that something is so solely because some authority says that it is so, even if that authority is Aristotle. What we call metaphysics Aristotle called “Frst philosophy.” ±irst philosophy, in Aristotle’s view, is in some sense more abstract and general than are the speciFc P
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********The Project Gutenberg Etext of Phaedo, by Plato******** #17 in our series by Plato Copyright laws are changing all over the world, be sure to check the copyright laws for your country before posting these files!! Please take a look at the important information in this header. We encourage you to keep this file on your own disk, keeping an electronic path open for the next readers. Do not remove this. **Welcome To The World of Free Plain Vanilla Electronic Texts** **Etexts Readable By Both Humans and By Computers, Since 1971** *These Etexts Prepared By Hundreds of Volunteers and Donations* Information on contacting Project Gutenberg to get Etexts, and further information is included below. We need your donations. Phaedo by Plato Translated by Benjamin Jowett March, 1999 [Etext #1658] ********The Project Gutenberg Etext of Phaedo, by Plato******** *****This file should be named phado10.txt or****** Corrected EDITIONS of our etexts get a new NUMBER, phado11.txt VERSIONS based on separate sources get new LETTER, phado10a.txt This etext was prepared by Sue Asscher <[email protected]> Project Gutenberg Etexts are usually created from multiple editions, all of which are in the Public Domain in the United States, unless a copyright notice is included. Therefore, we do NOT keep these books in compliance with any particular paper edition, usually otherwise. We are now trying to release all our books one month in advance of the official release dates, for time for better editing. Please note: neither this list nor its contents are final till midnight of the last day of the month of any such announcement. The official release date of all Project Gutenberg Etexts is at Midnight, Central Time, of the last day of the stated month. A preliminary version may often be posted for suggestion, comment and editing by those who wish to do so. To be sure you have an up to date first edition [] please check file sizes in the first week of the next month. Since our ftp program has a bug in it that scrambles the date [tried to fix and failed] a look at the file size will have to do, but we will try to see a new copy has at least one byte more or less. Information about Project Gutenberg (one page) We produce about two million dollars for each hour we work. The fifty hours is one conservative estimate for how long it we take to get any etext selected, entered, proofread, edited, copyright searched and analyzed, the copyright letters written, etc. This
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