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Question 1. 1. “Up to 80% of doctors endorse this project” uses...


Question 1.1. "Up to 80% of doctors endorse this project" uses which rhetorical device? (Points : 1)
       Euphemism
       Weasel Words
       Proof Surrogate
       Innuendo
       Hyperbole

Question 2.2. An argument is cogent if and only if _____________. (Points : 1)
       It is valid and all of its premises are true.
       It commits no fallacies.
       It has all true premises.
       Its reasoning is strong and all of its premises are true.

Question 3.3. "If I drive drunk I'll crash. I crashed, so I must be drunk." (Points : 1)
       Non sequitur
       Ad hominem
       Post hoc
       Affirming the consequent
       No fallacy

Question 4.4. A sorites is ____________. (Points : 1)
       an argument that combines several sub-arguments
       in invalid categorical argument form
       a true premise that cannot be denied
       an invalid propositional argument form

Question 5.5. An argument is invalid if and only if _____________. (Points : 1)
       Its reasoning is strong and its premises are true.
       It is possible for all of its premises to be true and the conclusion false.
       It is fallacious.
       It has a false premise.

Question 6.6. When disagreeing with a premise, __________. (Points : 1)
       one should point to the outcomes of the conclusion
       one should have reasons in place that demonstrate the premise is not sufficiently likely to be true.
       one should attack premises that are not important to the argument
       one should point out the failings of its author

Question 7.7. Dogs are better than cats, since they always listen to what their masters say. They also are more fun and energetic.
 
The first sentence of this argument contains two premises. (Points : 1)
       True 
       False 

Question 8.8. "You are only opposed to welfare reform because you are rich." (Points : 1)
       Appeal to emotion
       Ad hominem
       Slippery Slope
       Equivocation
       No fallacy

Question 9.9. A sound argument is __________. (Points : 1)
       a valid argument in which it is impossible to have true premises and a false conclusion
       a valid argument with true premises and a false conclusion
       an argument in which it is possible to have true premises and a true conclusion
       a valid argument with true premises
       All of these

Question 10.10. Confirmation bias is ____________. (Points : 1)
       the ability to prove that one's conclusions are true
       the ad hominem fallacy
       the tendency to accept arguments with conclusions on already believes
       committing an informal fallacy

Question 11.11. According to the Venn diagram method, you can tell that a categorical argument is valid if ____________. (Points : 1)
       the conclusion may or may not be true in the diagram
       there is no x in the conclusion
       any diagram of the premises is also a diagram of the conclusion
       the conclusion is shaded

Question 12.12. Do you want to drive the minivan to the movies? (Points : 1)
       Claim
       Non-Claim
       Neither

Question 13.13. "Cats are a billion times better than dogs" uses which rhetorical device? (Points : 1)
       Euphemism
       Weasel words
       Proof surrogate
       Innuendo
       Hyperbole

Question 14.14. An enthymeme is ____________. (Points : 1)
       a valid argument with a false premise
       an argument with an unstated premise or conclusion
       a Venn diagram of an argument
       an invalid propositional argument form

Question 15.15. Tom: Early humans had a simple form of music played on instruments made from animal bones and skins.
 
Boris: How do you know that?
 
Tom: Well, no one has proved that they didn't. (Points : 1)
       Appeal to popular opinion
       Appeal to authority
       Appeal to ignorance
       False dilemma
       No fallacy

Question 16.16. Which type of inductive argument is the following?
 
Almost all dogs like to chase cats. Fido is a dog, so he probably likes to chase cats. (Points : 1)
       Statistical syllogism
       Inductive generalization
       Appeal to authority
       Inference to the best explanation

Question 17.17. Since all philosophers are seekers of truth, it follows that no evil human is a seeker after truth, since no philosophers are evil humans.  
 
The statement, "no evil human is a seeker after truth," is the conclusion. (Points : 1)
       True 
       False 

Question 18.18. Drive the minivan. (Points : 1)
       Claim
       Non-Claim
       Neither

Question 19.19. My father always only bought Ford cars. He said they were the best cars ever. So I only buy Fords. (Points : 1)
       Begging the question
       Ad hominem
       Post hoc
       Appeal to inadequate authority
       No fallacy

Question 20.20. An argument is deductive __________. (Points : 1)

       if it moves from the general to the particular
       if it moves from the particular to the general
       if it presents itself in relation to a hypothesis
       if it presents itself as being valid
       None of these

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