Essay #2 Cause and Effect Essay Prompt We have read several texts so far in this semester that have discussed the importance of reading. Consider...
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Essay #2 Cause and Effect Essay Prompt We have read several texts so far in this semester that have discussed the importance of reading. Consider both Malcolm X’s “Saved,” in which he teaches himself to read and discusses the effects of reading on his mindset and The Freedom Writers Diary , in which Ms. G’s students read literature that changes the way they view education and life. You are also required to research two sources independently that discuss the importance of reading and its effects. What are the causes and effects of reading (within the three texts you choose)? Here are questions to consider: What causes people to read? What are the positive effects of reading? What are the negative effects for those who are illiterate, or those who cannot read above high school level? You may answer any or all of these questions. Within this essay, you must demonstrate your ability to support your argument using several texts. Therefore, it is crucial to have an understanding of summarizing and quoting. Requirements for Cause and Effect Essay: 3-4 full pages (not including Works Cited) Solid thesis that discusses the effects of reading Clear, logical organization of essay (introduction, body, conclusion) Quotes, paraphrases and summarizes appropriately (you must do all three!) Uses at least three texts as support in body paragraphs Must use The Freedom Writers Diary Quotes are introduced and discussed (Use Quote Sandwiching!) Correct MLA Format, including in-text citations and a Works Cited page Smooth transitions between and within paragraphs Creative and interesting title No inappropriate use of 1 st and 2 nd person: I, me, my, you, your, yours If you visit the Language Resource Center on campus or NetTutor online for this essay, please submit the proof of your visit to me via email for extra credit.
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Suggested Ways to Introduce Quotations When you quote another writer's words, it's best to introduce or contextualize the quote. Don't forget to include author's last name and page number (MLA) in your in-text citation. Shown below are some possible ways to introduce quotations using MLA format. You can use a full sentence followed by a colon to introduce a quotation. Examples: The setting emphasizes deception: "Nothing is as it appears" (Smith 1). Piercy ends the poem on an ironic note: "To every woman a happy ending" (25). You can also begin a sentence with your own words, then complete it with quoted words. Note that in the second example below, a slash with a space on either side ( / ) marks a line break in the original poem. Examples: Hamlet's task is to avenge a "foul and most unnatural murder" (Shakespeare 925). The speaker is mystified by her sleeping baby, whose "moth-breath / flickers among the flat pink roses" (Plath 17). To quote a critic or researcher, you can use an introductory phrase naming the source, followed by a comma. Note that the first letter after the quotation marks should be upper case. According to MLA guidelines, if you change the case of a letter from the original, you must indicate this with brackets. Examples: According to Trelease, "[W]riting is fun" (215). In Trelease's words, " . . . In Trelease's view, " . . . Another way to introduce a critic's words is to use a descriptive verb, followed by a comma. Avoid using says unless the words were originally spoken aloud, for instance, during an interview. Examples: Trelease states, "This book is terrific" (102). Trelease remarks, " . . . Trelease writes, " . . . Trelease notes, " . . . Trelease comments, " . . . Trelease observes, " . . . Trelease concludes, " . . . Trelease reports, " . . . Trelease maintains, " . . . Trelease adds, " . . . If your lead-in to the quotation ends in that or as, don't follow it with a comma. The first letter of the quotation should be lower case. Examples: Smith points out that "millions of students would like to burn this book" (53). Smith argues that " . . . Smith emphasizes that " . . .
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