Appendix C Rhetorical Reading Notes Rhetorical Situation 1. CONTEXT (will require brief research) a. Who is the author/what is the author's
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ENC1143Hi tutor, 

Those question was posted before and I got the answered, unfortunately they was uncompleted. However my instructor give a second chance to turn them in. I attached the paper to this question.

The first paper Binkley and Smith: The missing part are: Response and Notes for summary. here is the article link for the article: http://compositionforum.com/issue/15/binkleysmithspace.php

The second paper Gabbar: its missing (copy and paste my instructor note) the purpose question unanswered mid-sentence.  On audience, if you know where the text was published--and it was the Chronicle of Higher Education--then you can figure out which specific audience this text has, as it has a specific one. Try to look up that text online and see if you can identify who reads a publication about higher ed trends. Also, the final section summarizing each page in a word or phrase is MIA, so be sure to add that, too.

Link to the article: http://www.chronicle.com/article/A-Life-Beyond-Reason/125242

Thanks 


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Appendix C Rhetorical Reading Notes Rhetorical Situation 1. CONTEXT (will require brief research) a. Who is the author/what is the author’s profession/background? b. In which source text was the reading originally published/printed/produced? c. What is the original date of publication? d. Identify one or two significant historical circumstances of the text’s production. 2. STRUCTURE a. Identify how and where the author(s) employs obvious (e.g., headings, subheadings, lists, labels, bullets, etc.) or subtle structural cues (e.g., subject transitions) b. Identify any narratives (stories, anecdotes) and state their purpose. c. Identify any figurative language (e.g., metaphors, allusions, personification) and state its purpose. 3. PURPOSE a. What is the purpose of the work (e.g., argument, narrative, commentary, etc.) and how does the author identify that purpose? b. Identify and explain the original intended audience as stated (or implied) by the author: i. Identify the pronouns that the author uses and identify to whom the pronouns refer (i.e., who is who and to whom?). ii. Identify four words or phrases that you used to identify the audience. c. Identify three words or phrases (not “the,” “a/an,” prepositions) that are repeated throughout the text and explain how they relate to the text’s main idea. 4. MAIN IDEA a. State the topic (noun) : b. State the main idea in one sentence (must include an active verb) : Response 1. Quote or paraphrase one passage that you agree with and explain why you agree with this passage. 2. Quote or paraphrase one passage that you disagree with or that confuses you and explain your disagreement/confusion. Notes for Summary Write down a word or phrase that you think describes the ideas on that page for every page in the reading . If several ideas are present, you may need more than a word or phrase. Transcribe those notes below with the corresponding page numbers: Page# Ideas/topics
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Rhetorical reading Binkley & Smith- Reading Name Course title Instructor’s name Date
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Rhetorical reading Context a. Who is the author/what is the author’s profession or background? Roberta Binkley and Marissa Smith are the authors of this work. Both Brinkley and smith are experienced authors b. In which source text was the reading originally published, printed or produced? Composition Forum 15, c. What is the original date of publication? Spring 2006 d. Identify one or two significant historical circumstances of the text’s production . Classical Rhetoric Tradition and Athenian Geography of Epistemology are some of the historical circumstances to which this text was produced Structure a. Identify how and where the author(s) employs obvious (e.g., headings, subheadings, lists, labels, bullets, etc.) or subtle structural cues (e.g., subject transitions) “Evolutionary models of the Western tradition” has been used by the authors as a subject transition. This is used to introduce a new argument or thinking. b. Identify any narratives (stories, anecdotes) and state their purpose . The narrative of Greek origins which the authors have used to portray the various changes and influences composition has encountered. They state that it inserts rhetorical theory into the interstices of composition theory “Westernizing” and simultaneously obscuring the locally discursive spaces of knowledge and the construction of that knowledge c. Identify any figurative language (e.g., metaphors, allusions, personification) and state its purpose . Bedrock has been used in the writing as a metaphor. In the sentence,’ Thus, the rhetorical theory that underlies composition studies, often invisible, but which yet remains the “bedrock” of composition theory and pedagogy needs to be examined and understood as
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Gabbar Analysis 1. Context a. Who is the author/what is the author’s profession/background The author of this work is Chris Gabbard, who is an English professor at the University of North Florida, b. In which source text was the reading originally published/printed/produced ? This work was originally published by Rutgers University Press. c. What is the original date of publication? The original date of publication of this article is 7th of November 2010 d. Identify one or two significant historical circumstances of the text’s production A significant historical circumstance to which this text was produced is the authors childhood days or rather school days when his view of disability was different that it is today. This is the time when he was influenced and greatly by the works and philosophies of people like Socrates, Aristotle, David Hume, John Locke and Immanuel Kant. 2. Structure a. Identify how and where the author(s) employs obvious (e.g., headings, subheadings, lists, labels, bullets, etc.) or subtle structural cues (e.g., subject transitions) The author has used subject transition in several occasion in this article, such instances include (1) in the 13th paragraph in which he introduces a new subject or rather a new thought into his discussion. He says “as I grew older, I was surprised by Socrates…” this is a transition from the previous subject where he was talking about his life with his son, to anew subject where he is telling the audience his story. (2) In the 16th paragraph, the author transitions back to the main subject. In the 15th paragraph he is telling the audience his story but revert back to his son’s story which is the main subject. b. Identify any narratives (stories, anecdotes) and state their purpose Besides telling the audience his sons story, the author incorporates his story as a young boy, what he used to do, how he used to reason and how his transformation came to be. The main purpose of this narrative is to give the audience more understanding on the subject matter by taking the audience through his own life experience and how such experience changed him. c. Identify any figurative language (e.g., metaphors, allusions, personification) and state its purpose. The use of “. ..Wheels turn slowly and sometimes not at all. ..” is used to mean the Medicaid and insurance response. It is used to mean that the responses he receives from Medicaid and insurance companies are sometimes slow or even they fail to respond at all. 3. Purpose a. What is the purpose of the work (e.g., argument, narrative, commentary, etc.) and how does the author identify that purpose? The purpose of this work is an argumentative writing. This is because even though the author narrates his life story, it is worth noting that his main aim is giving his point of view that people like peter and his son august are just as human as others. It may be confusing somehow since at first it seems the author is narrating his story but then we realize his main intention is to present an argument against treatment of people with disabilities as lesser humans. b. Identify and explain the original intended audience as stated (or implied) by the author:
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This writing is intended for educators and professional. This is because it is published in the chronicles of higher education which is basically read by students, professionals and scholars. c. Identify the pronouns that the author uses and identify to whom the pronouns “Some” the author as used this pronoun to mean these group of people who view his son with stereotypical images such as zippy the pinhead. The author has also used “his,” in several occasions when referring to his son August. i. Identify four words or phrases that you used to identify the audience. I have used the phrase “For almost everyone. .,” “. ..But they…,” all of which has been used by the author. I have also used the words “students” and “us” which has been used to mean his colleagues, readers and his student? ii. Identify three words or phrases (not “the,” “a/an,” prepositions) that are repeated throughout the text and explain how they relate to the text’s main idea. Some, many and others has been used several time in the text and they relate to the main idea of the text due to the facts that since the main theme of the text is the authors experienced living with his son who is living with cerebral palsy, he has had to contend to the reaction and of different people, thus such words have been used to refer to different segments of people. 4. Main idea a. State the topic (noun) Cerebral palsy b. State the main idea in one sentence (must include an active verb): The main idea of this text is that people Augusts and Peter who are living with disabilities are just as human beings as any of us and thus should be seen as such. Response 1 Quote or paraphrase one passage that you agree with and explain why you agree with this passage. “In the eyes of some, August fits stereotypical images such as the comic-strip character Zippy the Pinhead. Yet likening my son and other people who have microcephalic heads, to Zippy is about as relevant as likening African-Americans to blackface caricatures. In the eyes of others, August resembles Terri Schiavo, who, for the secular-educated, triggers the fearful response of "better off dead than disabled." Many such well-meaning people would like to put an end to August's suffering, but they do not stop to consider whether he actually is suffering…” I agree with this passage due to the fact that people or the society in general always forms perceptions and negative beliefs towards people with disability especial of August’s caliber. Instead of seeing such people as human beings like anybody else, they view them with negative perceptions such as curses and sufferers. Majority would have definitely viewed august as a suffering creature who is better dead than alive. 2 Quote or paraphrase one passage that you disagree with or that confuses you and explain your disagreement/confusion. “..And I agree with Rabbi Harold Kushner when he writes and talks about bad things happening to good people: August's disability does not form a part of "God's plan" and does not serve as a tool for God to teach me or anyone else wisdom. What kind of a God would it be, anyway, to deprive my boy of speech and movement just to instruct me? A cruel and arbitrary God…” I do not agree with the author’s analogy that what happened to his son is not Gods plan and that God is a punitive and cruel. As much as he might be feeling guilty to how he had treated peter,
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