Unemployment and crime-what is the connection?

This assignment is due on Friday.can somebody analysis this document

In this paper, your task is to analyze the peculiar properties of the language used by professionals in your chosen field.  You do this by closely examining the text of one (or more) document(s) written by professionals, for professionals, in a scholarly or trade publication. (An article from a general interest or news publication will not work, because it will be written for everyone, not for that discourse community.)

Purpose: Your goal is to "de-code" or explain the communications habits of your professional to someone who is thinking of joining the profession. You want to help them be successful by knowing how to "talk the talk." You're providing a "survival guide" to the profession that you wish someone had given you.

Audience: You are writing this to someone who is just starting out in your chosen field, or who wants to join the field.

Stance: You may choose to approach this as formal anthropology, or perhaps tongue-in-cheek. You may choose to position yourself as an expert who just wants to be helpful and offer a hand up to a newcomer.

Media/Design: A simple textual report is sufficient, unless you can think of

Genre: The piece is an analysis. Perhaps you can think of it as being titled, "The Secret Language of Whales," only substitute "Criminologists," etc. for "whales."

Using the Rhetorical Situation Questions (in the Sakai Files folder), study the article you have selected for evidence it presents about the norms of communications in that field. What is the purpose (of the article)? Who is the audience? What stance does the author take? What's the genre? What medium is it in? What does it tell you about how professionals in your field communicate? What will you need to be aware of to be taken seriously as a fellow professional in that field?

Your final product will be an essay of three to four pages, double-spaced.

1 Attachment
Unemployment and crime-- what is the connection ? JAMES Q. WILSON & PHILIP J. COOK PODICALLY, the Joint Econom- ic Committee of the United States Congress issues a report claiming that increase s in unemployment (or other forms of economic adver- sity) lead to increases in the homicide rate (as well as in other social pathologies). The first such report appeared in 1976 with a preface by the Committee's chairman, the late Hubert Humphrey, in which he said that a "1.4 pereent rise in unemployment during 1970 is directly responsible for. .. 1,740 additional homicides." The second report appeared in 1984, this time with a preface by Rep. Lee Hamil- ton, Democrat of Indiana, who wrote that "changes in unemploy- ment, real per capita income, and other measures of economic per- formance are correlated with erime." In a table aceompanying his letter, Rep. Hamilton noted that the 14.3 percent increase in unem- ployment which occurred between 1973 and 1974 led to a 1.7 percent inerease in homicides. Many people find the claim that economic adversity drives up the erime rates so plausible as searcely to require demonstration. As Rep. John Conyers of Detroit wondered aloud at a hearing before a subcommittee of the House Judiciary Committee: "Are there any people walking around and saying there is no relationship between crime and unemployment?" Not in Washington or New York, at least. The reports on the Joint Economic Committee have regularly been given a large and supportive play in the pages of the New York 3
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4 THE PUB L IC INTERE S T Times a n d th e Wa s hin g ton Post , a m o ng many ot h er n ew sp a p er s . Ec o nomists too, have long suggested that crime rates are affected by its relative economic benefits--that is, the yield from crime as com- pared to the yield from legitimate alternatives to crime. It may come as a bit of a surprise, then, to learn that most e ff orts to find clear and convincing evidence of a link between crime and unemployment have led to uncertain, modest, or controversial re- suits. When, in 1981, Thomas Orsagh and Ann Dryden Witte, both economists, reviewed the research into this link, they f ound the evi- dence to be "ambiguous" and "inconclusive." In the same year the Vera Institute in New York City published a similar review, written by Jame s W. Thompson, Miehelle Sviridoff, and Jerome E. McElroy. It concluded that the evidence is "not at all clear" on the general relationship between unemployment and crime. Richard B. Free- man, an economist at Harvard, ended his 1983 review of these stud- ies this way: "The bulk of the studies show some connection between unemployment. ., and crime, but they f ail to show a well-defined, clearly quantifiable linkage." M i ss ing link s Th o u gh the rise an d f a ll in c r ime r a tes may have s o me conn ec - t ion wi t h c hang es in t he un e mploymen t ra te , t ha t connec t ion is hard t o de t e ct . A momen t 's r e fl ect ion will sugg est why. A ris e in unemploym e n t may lead some p e ople t o s t eal t hings owing t o t he absen ce o f legi t ima t e j obs. Bu t t he same rise may lead o t her persons t o wa t ch mor e c losely over t h e ir p e rsonal po s s es sions ( which have now become harder t o replace, and so more v al u able) and t o carry l e ss cash wi t h t h e m on t he s t re et s. R ising un e mploymen t may also reduce t he supply o f new ears, t ap e d e cks, and c olor t elevision s et s a v ailable t o be s t olen. The rela t ionship b et ween unemploymen t and violen t crime is likely t o be e ve n more complica t ed. A person who has los t his j ob m ay ven t his anger and f rus t ra t ion by hi tt ing or killing a spo u se or f riend, or he may b ec ome s o moody and d e pr e ssed as t o be incapa- ble o f any a ct ion, in c luding an as saul t . A f amily a f fli ct ed by t he economic loss consequen t on un e mploym e n t may be t orn asunder or drawn t oge t her. There i s no good reason in advan ce f or assum i ng one rea ct ion or ano t her. These t h e ore t ical compl e xi t ies have no t pr e ven t ed t he Join t Eco- nomi c Commi tt ee f rom persis te n t ly arguing t ha t unemploymen t and homicid e are c onne cte d. I t ha s done so primarily on t he basis o f r e sear c h c arri e d ou t by M. H a rv ey Brenner, a pro f essor a t John s
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