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Question

Match the terms in Column I with the descriptions in Column II....

  1. Match the terms in Column I with the descriptions in Column II.

Column I                      Column II

         pesticides                        A.  can cause gastrointestinal infections

         particulate matter           B.  can cause black lung disease

         coal dust                         C.  can cause nerve damage, birth defects, cancer

         lead                                 D.  can cause brain damage, learning problems

         bacteria in food              E. can cause respiratory damage such as asthma,

bronchitis, cancer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Matching (worth 20 points, 2 points each)

  1. Match the terms in Column I with the descriptions in Column II.


 

         Henry D. Thoreau

         John Muir

         Theodore "Teddy" Roosevelt

         Alice Hamilton

         Rachel Carson

         Paul Ehrlich

         Jane Goodall

         Marion Stoddart

         Jacques Cousteau

         Garrett Hardin


 

  1. the first American expert on diseases caused by working with chemicals
  2. distinguished professor of human ecology best known forwriting the essayThe Tragedy of the Commons
  3. the first American president to strongly support conservation
  4. an ecologist who wrote a book warning of the dangers of rapid population growth
  5. world-famous French oceanographer who produced popular books, films, and TV programs documenting undersea explorations
  6. led efforts to save the Nashua River in Massachusetts from pollution and development
  7. a conservationist and writer best known for his essays about his stay in a cabin at Walden Pond in Massachusetts
  8. a Scottish-born naturalist and writer who was a famous advocate for preserving western lands as wilderness
  9. biologist who raised awareness of toxic pesticides with the book Silent Spring
  10. studied chimpanzees and wrote books that raised awareness of the plight of several endangeredspecies


 

Multiple Choice (worth 2 points each)

 

_______3.  The source of pesticides is found in

  1. the air in the atmosphere.
  2. their use in agriculture and landscaping.
  3. the core of theEarth.
  4. the emissions from the manufacturing industry.

_______4.  Toxicology is used by scientists to study which of the following?

  1. spread of diseases             c. environment's role in diseases
  2. sources of pollution          d. harmful effects of substances on organisms

 

_______5.  The condition in which human needs are met in such a way that a human population can survive indefinitely is called

  1. infinity.                               c. volatility.
  2. sustainability.                     d. epidemiology.

_______6. Understanding and balancing decision making about which of the following is a challenge to achieving sustainability?

  1. politics                                c.  economics
  2. environmental science     d.  all of theabove

_______7. The first international meeting to consider global environment and development needs that led to the formation of the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) was the

  1. UN Conference on Human Environment.
  2. Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer.
  3. The World Conservation Union (IUCN).
  4. World Summit on Sustainable Development.

_______8.  Gasoline is one source of which pollutant?

  1. pesticides                            c. lead
  2. bacteria                              d.  coal dust

_______9. Which of the following is an example of a major international meeting or agreement relating to the environment?

  1. Kyoto Protocol on Climate Change
  2. Framework Convention on Climate Change
  3. UN Conference on Human Environment
  4. all of the above

_______10.  The study of the spread of disease is called

  1. epidemiology.                     c.  toxicology.
  2. biology.                               d. neurology.

_______11.  Some sources of particulate matter are

  1. vehicle exhaust, burningwaste, fires, and tobacco smoke.
  2. coal mining, manufacturing, and agriculture.
  3. acid rain, nuclear energy, water, and dust.
  4. natural metals found in rocks and soil.

_______12. Which of the following are changes to the environment which can lead to the spread of infectious diseases?

  1. soil erosion                         c. creation of irrigation canals and dams
  2. habitat destruction           d.  all of the above

_______13.  Coal mining is the source of which of the following pollutants?

  1. lead                                     c.  coal dust
  2. acid rain                             d. bacteria

 

_______14. An agreement to help save species from extinction by controlling international trade was:

  1. UN Conference on Environment and Development.
  2. U.S. Climate Convention.
  3. Climate Meeting of the Great Board.
  4. CITES.

_______15. A manufacturing plant that produces food products and has been cited for poor sanitation and poor food handling is most likely to have which type of pollutant?

  1. lead                                     c. particulate matter
  2. pesticides                            d. bacteria

_______16.  The amount of a harmful chemical to which a person is exposed is called the

  1. risk assessment.                c.  toxic level.
  2. toxicology.                          d. dose.

_______17. Naturally occurring pollutants usually become hazardous to your health when they are

  1. concentrated above theirnormal levels in the environment.
  2. concentrated below theirnormal levels in the environment.
  3. balanced within theenvironment.
  4. unbalanced within the environment.

_______18.  An organism in which a pathogen lives all or part of its life on is called a

  1. consumer.                          c.  host.
  2. participant.                        d. defender.

 

_______19.  The agreement that regulates transportation and disposal of hazardous wastes is the

  1. Basel Convention.             c. Antarctic Treaty and Convention.
  2. Law of the Sea.                 d. Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety.

_______20.  People are exposed to pollutants on a daily basis in the

  1. food they eat.                    c.  water theydrink.
  2. air they breathe.               d.  all of theabove

_______21. The environment is an important factor in the spread of cholera and dysentery because

  1. air can carry the pathogens.
  2. water provides a habitat in which the pathogens breed.
  3. the pathogens reproducein soil.
  4. the diseases are transmitted by mosquitoes.

_______22.  The slogan "think globally, act locally" is used to remind citizens that

  1. they should think before they produce pollutants that could be a potentialcontaminant.
  2. their everyday actionshave broader effects.
  3. they should make good decisionsthat affect the environment.
  4. all of the above

 

_______23.  Tuberculosis (TB) has spread in recent years because

  1. more people are exposed to TB than were exposedin the past.
  2. antibiotics are unavailable in many partsof the world.
  3. no cure has yet been found for TB.
  4. the bacterium that causes TB has become resistant to antibiotics.

 

True or False (worth 2 points each)

 

_______24.  The five major pollutants to both the environment and human health are pesticides, lead, particulate matter, coal dust, and bacteria in food.

  1. True
  2. False

_______25. The Kyoto Protocol on Climate Change in 1997 was an agreement to reduce worldwide emissions of greenhouse gases.

  1. True
  2. False

 

 

 

 

_______26. Lobbying is a proposed project or policy that has a significant effect on the environment.

  1. True
  2. False

_______27. It is not important to make the choice to vote because the candidates are already chosen ahead of time and it does not make a difference.

  1. True
  2. False

_______28. Dust, soot, and other particles in the air, which come from natural sources and human activities, that are small enough to breathe into the lungs are called particulates.

  1. True
  2. False

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Essays (worth 6 points each)

29.  In two or three well-developed paragraphs, explain how pollution can come from both natural sources and from human activities. Provide examples of each.

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30.  In two or three well-developed paragraphs, identify three or more ways in which the choices that you make as an individual may affect the environment. Provide specific examples of each.

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31.  In two or three well-developed paragraphs, explain how citizens can affect environmental policy at each level of government: local, state and national.

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Answer & Explanation

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