Question 1 (a)Business organisations, on the other hand, are not required to comply with the provisions of the Act. Required : (i)Contrast financial...
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Question 1(a)Business organisations, on the other hand, are not required to comply with the provisions of the Act.

Required:


(i)Contrast financial management in public and business organisations.(5 marks)(ii)Discuss the following as provided for in the Public Finance Management Act, 2015:Powers of the Secretary to the treasury.(4 marks)Responsibilities of the Accountant General.(5 marks)Delegation of a function or responsibility by an accounting officer.(3 marks)

(b)Mosada district has been experiencing rising cases of a rare condition for the last three years which has led to the death of several youths. The cost of treatment of this condition is very high in Uganda. The Council discussed the issue of purchasingthe drugs from abroadduring the debate of the budget of the financial year 2016/2017. During the debate, the Council authorised the Chief Administrative Officer (CAO) to acquirea manufacturing company abroad in order to minimise the cost of treatment.The CAO paid Shs 500 million to acquire 75% of shares in Lo Ping, a Kwairian drug manufacturing company on 1 July,2016when its accumulated surplus was kwasas134,000. However, the Council disposed of its shares in Lo Ping on 31 March,2017after the Kwairian government enacted a law which prevents foreign ownership of its companies. The company was disposed of at Shs 650 million. Though the account for the money received was opened, the transaction was never recognised.The balance on the accumulated surplus of Lo Ping at the beginning of the financial year was kwasas 134,000.The statements of the financial position of the district and the companyas at 30 June, 2017are as follows:

Masonda DistrictLo PigShs '000'KwasasAssets:Current assets:Cash & cash equivalents760,00025,000Receivables560,49040,000Inventory620,88823,000Prepayments356,80030,000Total current assets2,298,178118,000Non-current assets:Receivables567,40010,000Investment Lo ping500,000-Infrastructure, plant and equipment453,100150,000Land and buildings6,650,000210,000Total non-current assets8,170,500370,000Total assets10,468,678488,000Liabilities:Current liabilities:Payables4,050,00018,000Employee benefits810,000-Total current liabilities4,860,00018,000Non-current liabilities:Payables24,57033,000Long-term borrowing457,000200,000Total current liabilities 481,570233,000Total liabilities 5,341,570251,000Net assets/ equityAccumulated surplus5,127,108137,000Share capital-100,000Total net assets/ equity5,127,108237,000Total net assets/ equity & liabilities10,468,678488,000Additional information:1.The district complies with the provisions of the International Public Sector Accounting Standards (IPSAS).2.The district received 20,000 doses of drugs for the treatment of the rare condition from UNICEF on 1 October,2016and immediately distributed them to the health centres. Each dose was valued at USD 3. The council did not recognise the drugs in its books of account.3.The closing balance on the employee benefit account reported by the district was actually the opening balance. You have established that the Public Sector Accounting and Reporting -correct closing balance is Shs 500 million.The balance on the employee benefit account relates to outstanding wages of employees.4.The district received 5graders at a cost of USD 400,000 from the Federal Republic of Aruantan as a 2% loan for road maintenance on 1 August,2016. The district isrequired to start repaying the loan in 5years' time. The district paid the interest up to the end of the financial year. The policy of the district is to depreciate graders at 20% per annum on a reducing balance basis. These transactions have not beenrecorded in the district's books of account.5.The closing balance on the current receivables reported by the district in its final accounts was actually its opening balance. You have established that the correct closing balance is Shs 200 million. Current receivables relate to outstanding taxes.6.The district Senior Accountant prepared its statement of financial performance based on revenue receipts and payments.7.The district budget for the financial year ended 30 June,2017was as follows:Revenue:Shs '000'Taxes8,000,000Fees, fines, penalties &licenses4,590,000Revenue from exchange transactions2,400,840Transfers from other Government entities16,000,000Other revenue4,507,000Total revenue35,497,840Expenses:Wages, salaries &employment benefits13,565,000Grants transfer and other payments19,500,000Supplies consumed450,000Depreciation expenses820,000Other expenses78,000Finance cost1,084,840Total expenses35,497,840Public Sector Accounting and Reporting -Paper 1429May, 2018Page 5of 118.The district's cash receipts and payments during the financial year were as follows:Revenue collectedShs '000'Taxes7,800,000Fees, fines, penalties &licenses5,000,000Revenue from exchange transactions2,300,000Transfers from other Government entities14,500,000Other revenue3,700,000Expenses paid:Acquisition of Lo Ping500,000Wages, salaries &employment benefits12,098,730Grants transfer &other payments17,300,000Supplies consumed400,000Depreciation expenses897,400Other expenses674,000Finance cost1,400,0009Lo Ping's statement of financial performance for the financial year ended 30 June,2017was as follows:KwasasRevenue from exchange transactions750,000Other revenue340,000Total revenue1,090,000Expenses:Wages, salaries &employment benefits700,000Supplies consumed250,000Depreciation expenses75,000Other expenses35,000Finance cost27,000Total expenses1,087,000Surplus/ deficit3,00010.The exchange rates are as follows:Date1 USD to Shs1 Kwasa to Shs1 July, 20163,0002501 August, 20163,0203001 October, 20163,7003301 March, 20173,50029530 June, 20173,400297Average rate3,520295


Required:

(i)Prepare consolidated statement of financial performance of the district for the year ended 30 June, 2017in accordance with IPSAS 24: Presentation of Budget Information in Financial Statements.(23 marks)

(ii)Prepare consolidated statement of financial position of the districtas at 30 June, 2017.


SECTION B


Question2

(a)Kiira Public University is constructing a building expected to take 24 months to complete. The Universitybegan construction on 1 January, 2017with the following payments made during the year:Shs 'million'31 January40031 March900July20030 September40030 November500The following borrowings were outstanding at the reporting date 31 December, 2017:Shs 'million'Bank loan (description below)1,60015% debenture dated 1 January,2016 repayable 201940010% 8-year note dated 1 September, 2012, with simple interest payable annually on 31 December2,400The first payment on 31 January was funded from the University's existing borrowings. However, the University succeeded in raising a bankloan for an amount of Shs 1,600 million on 31 March, 2017ata simple interest of 8%per annum, calculated and payable monthly in arrears. These funds were specifically used for this construction. Excess funds were temporarily invested at 5%per annumreceivable monthly in arrears,in cash. The pool of borrowings was again used for a Shs 400 million payment on 30 November, which could not be funded from the bank loan. Construction of the building was temporarily halted for two weeks in June, when substantial administrative and technical work was carried out.

Required:

(i)Determine the borrowing costs which can be capitalised in respect of thebuilding referred to above for the year ended 31 December, 2017.(9 marks)

(ii)Discuss the recognition, commencement, and cessation of capitalisation of borrowing costs according to IPSAS 5: Borrowing Costs.(6 marks)

(b)IPSAS 28: Financial Instruments: Presentation sets out the principles for presenting financial instruments as liabilities or net assets and for offsetting financial assets and financial liabilities.

Required:

(i)Discuss the difference between a 'financial asset' and a 'financial liability'.(6 marks)(ii)Explain a 'puttable instrument', and discuss the circumstances under which a financial asset and a financial liability shall be offset.


Question 3

(a)The following statement of the financial position is for the Ministry of Health as at 30 June,2017.Assets:Shs '000'Current assets:Cash525,000Receivables76,407Inventory8,500,000Total current assets9,101,407Non-current assets:Bearer biological assets:Dairy livestock-immature50,000Dairy livestock-mature200,000250,000Properly, plant and equipment25,000,000Total non-current assets25,250,000Total assets34,351,407Liabilities:Current liabilities:Payables120,000Total current liabilities120,000Non-current liabilities:Loan20,000,000Total non-current liabilities20,000,000Total liabilities20,120,000Net assets/ equity:Accumulated surplus14,231,407Total net assets/ equity14,231,407Total net assets/ equity & liabilities34,351,407Additional information:1.The Ministry manufactures a drugfor treating the ZIKIV virus for sale to the pharmacies in the country on a commercial basis. On 1 July,2016there were 5 million tabletsof this drugwhich were valued at Shs 2.5 billion. The Ministry borrowed Shs 20 billion at an interest rate of 5% from Geode Commercial Bank specifically to manufacture the drug. The loan was wholly used for the manufacture of the drugduring the financial year. The Ministry did not use any other source of funds for manufacturing the drug. Each tablet of the drug was manufactured at Shs 500. The manufacturing system is so efficient that no loss of materials was registered. The interest charge for the year was paid and expensed. For purposes of valuation of drugs, the ministry uses the first in first out (FIFO) method.

2.The Ministry received 3,000,000 doses of a special drug on 1 July,2016from UNICEF for free distribution to the public. UNICEF, however, did not provide the cost details of the drug to the Ministry. By close of the financial year, a third of the drug had had not been distributed. The Ministry has not recognised the drugin its books of account due to the fact that UNICEF did not provide values. The price of the drug in market, per dose, on the following dates was as follows.DateShs1 July, 20165,00030 June, 20174,9003.Included in the inventories at 30 June,2017is Shs 5 billion attributed to drugs for HIV which are distributed free of charge. Each tablet of the drug cost the Ministry Shs 5,000. By the end of the financial year, each tablet costShs 4,950 in the market.4.The Ministry owns a dairy farm which produces and sells 90,000 liters of milk per quarter. At the end of the financial year, the Ministry had not sold 2,000 litres of milk which was produced on 30 June,2017. The average selling price and cost of selling milk were Shs 1,000 and Shs 200 per litre respectively during the financial year. On 30 June,2017the selling price and cost of selling milk were Shs 1,200 and Shs 230 per litre respectively. The Ministry only recognises revenue from the sale of milk in its books of account. The cost of selling milk includes tax of Shs 80 per litre which is charged by local tax authorities.5.By the beginning of the financial year, the farm had 100 Friesian cows. The farm also had 100 one-month-old calves. All the calves and cows were alive by the end of the financial year. The per-unit fair values less costs to sell were as follows:1 July,201630 June,2017ShsShsMature bearer cows2,000,0002,500,000One-month-old calves500,000600,000One year and one month old calves1,000,0001,500,000The Principal Accountant of the Ministry did not adjust the values of the cows and calves which he maintained at the value of 1 July,2016..The Ministry policy is to prepare its financial statements using accrual basis of accounting in accordance with the IPSAS.


Required:

Redraft the Ministry's statement of financial position as at 30June, 2017 taking into account the transactions mentioned above.(20 marks)

(b)Describe the term 'segment reporting,as applied under IPSAS 22: Disclosure of Financial Information about the General Government Sector.


Question 4

The National Data Management Agency, a Government owned organisation has a procurement and disposal unit under the department of finance and administration. Most employees in each department raise requisitions to procure goods and services in piecemealas and when the need arises. The method of procurement usually used by this Agency is direct procurement irrespective of the procurement value, and most staff are unbothered about value for money as demonstrated by hardly any price comparison since no more than one quotation is obtained. This was one of the issues raised by Auditor General in the recent audit particularly raising a red flag on lack of proper procurement planning and non-compliance to the Public Procurement and Disposal of Public Assets Act (PPDA)Act, 2003. Other issues raised included incidences where employees in the Agency have freely and directly participated as bidders. The Agency employees have also been involved in direct negotiations with contractors on prices.


Required:


With reference to the PPDA Act,2003 and the PPDA Regulations,2014:

(a)Discuss the main considerations in planning procurement requirements by a procuring and disposing entity.(10 marks)

(b)Explain the conditions for use of 'sale to public officers' as a method for disposal of a public asset.(4 marks)

(c)Discuss the powers of the user department in exercising its functions in the public procurement and disposal process.(5 marks)

(d)Describe the circumstancesunder which a procurement and disposal entity (PDE) is permitted to haveprice negotiations with a contractorin case the best evaluated bid or proposal exceeds the budget of the PDE. (2marks)

(e)Discuss the circumstances under which the direct procurement method can be used.

Question 5

(a)Government of Uganda (GoU) recently introduced thee-cash platform as an alternative paymentsystemto the Integrated Financial Management System (IFMS).You are the Finance Manager of the Uganda Road Maintenance Authority. Following a one-day workshop you attended at the Ministry of Finance about the e-cash platform solution, you have been asked by your supervisor to train accounts and finance staff in all upcountry stations about this new payments system.


Required:

Prepare set of notes to be used in the training, discussing the following aspects:(i)Meaning and objectives of the e-cash platform.

(ii)Transactions to be covered under the e-cash payment system.

(iii)The process of handling e-cash transactions.(15marks)

(b)The objective of the Government, when setting fiscal objectives within the macroeconomic framework, shall be to ensure macroeconomic stability and economic growth having regard to the National Development Plan.The fiscal objectives shall be based on certain principles.

Required:

a)Discuss any fourprinciples Government should follow in setting fiscal objectives within the macroeconomic framework.(8marks)

(c)Tyrad District Local Government has been handling cases of property of the deceased persons in a bid to reduce conflicts in the communities. Slandriate (the transferor), a 19 year old citizen is an orphan who wants to fly to America. His aunt lives there and has invited him for a job. He has made a will and namedTyrad District Local Government as a primary beneficiary since he trusts no one in his parental linage. Hehas entrusted a2 star hotel worth Shs 800million to the district.Required:Describe the accounting treatment of the 2 star hotel in the books of the district local government guided by IPSAS 23 (Revenue from Non-Exchange Transactions (Taxes & Transfers).

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