a. The corporation makes annual payments to the trustee, who invests the proceeds in securities (frequently government bonds) and uses the accumulated total to retire the bond issue at maturity.
b. The trustee uses the annual payments to retrieve a portion of the issue each year, either calling a given percentage of the issue by a latterly and paying a specified price per bond or buying bonds on the open market, whichever is cheaper.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of each procedure from the viewpoint of (a) the firm and (b) the bondholders?