Jan Volk, financial manager of Green Sea Transport (GST), has been asked by her boss to review GST's outstanding debt issues for possible bond refunding. Five years ago, GST issued $40,000,000 of 11%, 25 years debt. The issue, with semiannual coupons, is currently callable at a premium of 11%, or $110 for each $1,000 par value bond. Flotation cost on this issue were 6%, or $2,400,000.
Volk believes that GST could issue 20 years debt today with a coupon rate of 8%. The firm has placed many issues in the capital markets during the last 10 years, and its debt flotation cost are currently estimated to be 4% of the issue's value. GST's federal-plus -tax rate is 40%.