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Fall 1, 2012 Chapter 5. Ch 05 P24 Build a Model Except for charts and answers that must be written, only Excel formulas that use cell references or...

i need step by step solution to this spreadsheet and how to solve it through excel
Fall 1, 2012 Chapter 5. Ch 05 P24 Build a Model Except for charts and answers that must be written, only Excel formulas that use cell references or fun Numeric answers in cells will not be accepted. Basic Input Data: Years to maturity: 20 Periods per year: 2 Periods to maturity: Coupon rate: 8% Par value: $1,000 Periodic payment: Current price $1,100 Call price: $1,040 Years till callable: 5 Periods till callable: a. What is the bond's yield to maturity? Periodic YTM = Annualized Nominal YTM = b. What is the bond's current yield? Current yield = Hint: Write formula in words. Current yield = / Hint: Cell formulas should refer to Input Section Current yield = (Answer) c. What is the bond's capital gain or loss yield? Cap. Gain/loss yield = - Hint: Write formula in words. Cap. Gain/loss yield = - Hint: Cell formulas should refer to Input Section Cap. Gain/loss yield = (Answer) d. What is the bond's yield to call? Here we can again use the Rate function, but with data related to the call. Peridodic YTC = Annualized Nominal YTC = NOW ANSWER THE FOLLOWING NEW QUESTIONS: Nominal market rate, r: 8% Value of bond if it's not called: Value of bond if it's called: The bond would not be called unless r<coupon. We can use the two valuation formulas to find values under different r's, in a 2-output data table, and then use an IF statement to determine which value is appropriate: Value of Bond If: Actual value, Not called Called considering Rate, r $0.00 $0.00 call likehood: 0% $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 2% $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 4% $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 6% $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 8% $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 10% $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 12% $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 14% $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 16% $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 Basic info: Settlement (today) Maturity Coupon rate Current price (% of par) Redemption (% of par value) Frequency (for semiannual) Basis (360 or 365 day year) Yield to Maturity: Hint: Use the Yield function. For dates, either refer to cells in Basic Info above, or enter the date in quotes, such as A 20-year, 8% semiannual coupon bond with a par value of $1,000 may be called in 5 years at a call price of $1,040. The bond sells for $1,100. (Assume that the bond has just been issued.) Hint: This is a nominal rate, not the effective rate. Nominal rates are g Note that this is an economic loss , not a loss for tax purposes. This is a nominal rate, not the effective rate. Nominal rates are generall The YTC is lower than the YTM because if the bond is called, the buyer will lose the difference between the call price and the current price in just 4 years, and that loss will offset much of the interest imcome. Note too that the bond is likely to be called and replaced, hence that the YTC will probably be earned. e. How would the price of the bond be affected by changing the going market interest rate? (Hint: Conduct a sensitivity analysis of price to changes in the going market interest rate for the bond. Assume that the bond will be called if and only if the going rate of interest falls below the coupon rate. That is an oversimplification, but assume it anyway for purposes of this problem.) f. Now assume the date is 10/25/2010. Assume further that a 12%, 10-year bond was issued on 7/1/2010, pays interest semiannually (January 1 and July 1), and sells for $1,100. Use your spreadsheet to find the bond’s yield. Refer to this chapter's Tool Kit for information about how to use Excel's bond valuation functions. The model finds the price of a bond, but the procedures for finding the yield are similar. Begin by setting up the input data as shown below:
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