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Elite Luggage Company Part-1 - Financial Needs of the Company Upon graduating from college with degree in finance, Robert Bradford entered the...

develop the pro forma financial statement for 2013 and 2014, and find value of firm with given information; please include calculations 

Elite Luggage Company Part-1 – Financial Needs of the Company Upon graduating from college with degree in finance, Robert Bradford entered the financial management training program of a large consulting firm. The program consisted of a one-year assignment in two different departments. Financial Planning and Forecasting Department In the Financial Planning and Forecasting department, Robert was asked to forecast the future cash flows and financial needs of Elite Luggage Company for 2013 and 2014. Specifically, he was asked to determine the financial needs of the Company for its 2013 and 2014. Initially, he was not sure how to proceed with his analysis, but remembered in his finance classes that he needed to set the pro forma financial statements for the analysis. To set up the pro forma statements and forecast the company's expected financial needs, Bradford decided to seek advice of the company's marketing research department. He was told the most likely sales level for 2013 would be similar to the growth rate of 25% achieved in 2012; however, it could gradually decline to steady sate growth rate of 5% over the next five years. The assessment of the growth rate was based on the company's market share and analysis of the demand for its products. Financial Planning and Forecasting Procedures The analytical tool used in forecasting financial needs of a company is based on pro forma financial statements. The preparation of pro forma financial statements involves the following steps: 1. Project sales revenue for the desired periods. 2. Project operating expenses (cost of goods sold, selling and administrative, income taxes). 3. Project assets, liabilities, and shareholders' equity (except non-spontaneous liabilities and retained earnings) needed to support the level of the operations projected in steps 1 and 2. 4. Determine the cost of financing and the capital structure. The preparation of pro forma financial statements requires numerous assumptions about the growth rate in sales, cost behavior of various expenses, level of investment in working capital, fixed assets, and mix of financing. The analyst should study the sensitivity of these statements to the assumptions made and to the impact of different assumptions. Assumptions for Estimation To develop the projected financial statements, Robert made the following assumptions: 1. In arriving at the annual EBIT, he assumed the annual dollar amount of the depreciation expense should be based on the needs of the company for future gross fixed assets and is 5% of the total gross fixed assets. 1
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2. There was no excess capacity or assets. Expenditures on fixed assets would be necessary to replace worn-out equipment and to provide the needed capacity for growth. All fixed and current assets and some of the current liabilities would change in direct proportion to sales. 3. In order to calculate the cost of capital of the Company, he contacted Elite management and was told that the Company intends to maintain its debt and the current capital structure. 4. Capital structure is the summation of market value debt and the market value of equity. The debt ratio (D/V) is calculated by market value of debt (D) divided by the sum of the book value of debt plus the market value of equity (D + S). E + D E = V E E + D D = V D 5. The cost of capital is based on weighted average cost of capital (WACC) when the company has debt in its capital structure, otherwise it is based on cost of equity. Part-2 Mergers and Acquisitions Department In the Mergers and Acquisitions department, Robert was asked to help Best International Corporation (BIC) with the offering price of Elite Company. Robert decided to estimate the enterprise value and equity of Elite Company As a financial analyst, Robert was not sure why BIC was interested in the Elite Company, since the two companies, were not being in the same industry and did not have a synergistic relationship. However, he thought he should do his job and come up with a price offer. Companies' Background Best International Corporation an expanding conglomerate, is a manufacturing company whose product lines consist of lighting fixtures. Videodiscs, Electronic timing devices, travel agencies. and self-storage space. Presently the company consists of four divisions, acquired throughout the years. The company's policy has been to acquire businesses that show significant growth and profit potential. If a business fails to attain projected growth or sales, it is usually sold. Elite Company is a publicly held company which manufactures and wholesales several different lines of luggage in two basic types: soft-sided and molded. Each luggage line consists of several different pieces, all of which come in different sizes. At least one line is a complete set of luggage designed to be used by both men and women, but some lines and styles are designed specifically for men or women. Some lines also have matching attaché cases. The Company also manufactures luggage for large retail companies according to each company's specifications. This luggage is marketed under the retail company's own private label. VALUING OF A FIRM Determining a value of a company is a difficult task, because there are various definitions of "value" depending on the needs and usage of different users. Ideally, the value of a firm should be the current market value of the company if the stock is publicly traded, that is, the market value of value of the equity is equal to the price per share times the shares outstanding if the firm does not have any debt. VALUE = PRICE X SHARES OUTSTANDING V = P X N 2
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