Allied Merchandisers was organized on May 1. Macy Co. is a major customer (buyer) of Allied (seller) products.
May 3 Allied made its first and only purchase of inventory for the period on May 3 for 2,000 units at a price of $10 cash per unit (for a total cost of $20,000). 5 Allied sold 1,000 of the units in inventory for $14 per unit (invoice total: $14,000) to Macy Co. under credit terms 2/10, n/60. The goods cost Allied $10,000. 7 Macy returns 100 units because they did not fit the customer's needs (invoice amount: $1,400). Allied restores the units, which cost $1,000, to its inventory. 8 Macy discovers that 100 units are scuffed but are still of use and, therefore, keeps the units. Allied sends Macy a credit memorandum for $600 toward the original invoice amount to compensate for the damage. 15 Allied receives payment from Macy for the amount owed on the May 5 purchase; payment is net of returns, allowances, and any cash discount.
Prepare journal entries to record the following transactions for Allied assuming it uses a perpetual inventory system and the gross method. (Allied estimates returns using an adjusting entry at each year-end.)
- Allied made its first and only purchase of inventory for the period on May 3 for 2,000 units at a price of $10 cash per unit (for a total cost of $20,000).
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