The Reuth Corporation plans to issue $20,000,000 of 10-year bonds
at par next June, with semiannual interest payments. The company's current cost of debt is 11% . However, the firm's financial manager is concerned that interest rates will increase in coming months, and has decided to take a short position in U. S. government t-bond futures. See the settlement data below for t-bond futures. (Note: One standard futures contract is $100,000).
Delivery Month Open High Low Settle Change Open Interest
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7)
Dec 97'28 99'17 98'22 99'17 +5 387,255
Mar 98'03 98'21 97'23 98'01 +12 90,353
June 98'13 98'27 97'01 97'12 +7 9,802
a. Calculate the present value of the corporate bonds if rates increase by 2 percentage points.
b. Calculate the gain or loss on the corporate bond position.
c. Calculate the number of futures contracts required to cover the bond position. Then calculate the current value of the futures position (round up to next whole number).
d. Calculate the implied interest rate based on the current value of the futures position.
e. Interest rates increase as expected, by 2 percentage points. Calculate the present value of the futures position based on the rate calculated above plus the 2 points.
f. Calculate the gain or loss on the futures position.
g. Calculate the overall net gain or loss.
h. Is the company hedging or speculating? Why? Which is riskier? Why?
Please include spreadsheet with calculations and formulas.
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