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How are the paths of extratropical storms expected to change?

  1. How are the paths of extratropical storms expected to change?

My answer: a decrease in storms occurrence is expected in the future, with less rainfall.

 

2 : What extratropical regions not in Asia should experience much less rainfall in the future based on the projected changes in storm tracks?

My Answer: North Africa

3 How is the width of the Hadley Cell expected to change?

My answer: Expansion of the cell

4) What regions should experience much less rainfall in the future based on the projected changes in the Hadley Cell?

My answer: Southern regions

 

 5: How is Arctic precipitation projected to change?

My answer: higher percentage of precipitation is expected in the Northern Hemisphere than southern hemisphere according to the RCP 8.5 scenario. not a great change in the RCP 4.5 scenario

 

6: Why is precipitation over the Mediterranean region expected to decrease?

  My answer ( Do not Know), may be because of less evaporation from the seas surrounding the region

 8: What specific changes in two climate variables are expected to lead to major decreases in soil moisture southern Africa and the Mediterranean region?

 My answer: Less precipitation, droughts

9: How might agriculture in southern Europe change by the end of the century if conditions follow the RCP8.5 scenario?

Inability to cultivate, due to the decrease of soil most in Europe

10: How do the subtropics differ from high latitude areas with respect to changes in the hydrologic cycle?

high latitudes experience more rainfall than subtropics.

11: Under the RCP4.5 scenario, how much is sea-ice extent in February expected to decrease from the 1986-2005 value by 2100? How much of a decrease is this in percent (i.e., divide the change by the 1986-2005 sea-ice extent value)?

 My anwer: 5%

12: Under the RCP4.5 scenario, how much is sea-ice extent in September expected to decrease from the 1986-2005 value by 2100? How much of a decrease is this in percent (i.e., divide the change by the 1986-2005 sea-ice extent value)?

8%

 

13: Based on the projected changes in permafrost area in the above figure, what climate type and what biome do you expect to shrink substantially in size by the end of the century? 

My answer: the Boreal forest will be affected for example

14:What do you think is going to be the major contributor to sea level rise at the end of the century

My answer: Thermal expansion

15.What will continue to be the two major causes of sea level rise?

thermal expansion, melting of glaciers

How is rising sea level affecting the Marshall Islands?


15: Based on the predictions in the above graphic, what is the prognosis for the Marshall Islands and other low-lying islands and coastal areas by the end of the century?

What is the general movement of climate types (and thus biomes) in the middle and high latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere as you switch from 1976-2000 to 2076-2100?


16: What biome would you expect to decrease the most in extent by the end of the century?


17: What process resulting from the melting of tundra would lead to increased global warming?

 

 

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