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Subject: World Cultural Georgaphy

Write a JOURNAL CRITIQUE with the following parts: Problem, Purpose, Methodology, Findings/Result, Discussion, Recommendation, Implication &References.

Attached is the article for your basis to do the journal critique: Illegal Immigrants in the US Economy: A comparative analysis of Mexican and Non-Mexican Undocumented Workers

I also attached an "Article Summary and Critique Guide" and I also attached a" Journal Critique Sample" to help you how to do it. Please avoid plagiarism. Paraphrase a sentence or paragraph. Write it in your own words. Thanks. A minimum of 4 to 6 pages journal critique is expected.

Article Summary & Critique Guide Reading articles should not be a passive process. By making reading research an active process, the information can be better understood and subsequently remembered. Also, by answering the questions bellow in a written format (that you keep with the article) you will have a template of the article that will help you when you need to look for specific information later. Further, this template will make it easier to integrate the article with other research when writing your literature review. Your summary & critique should be typed (in APA format). The advantage of typing out critiques, lies in data storage (won’t get lost, if you keep your data backed up) and also, you can cut and paste from your critique to include in your paper. A note of Caution : Be very careful about using quotes in your summary and critique. Clearly label any quotes you use (including the page number). Otherwise, when you are writing up your literature review you may inadvertently include a quote without citing it (unintentional plagiarism is still plagiarism). When answering the questions below, yes and no answers will not help you latter. Write in complete sentences and use APA format (this will help later). It may take 2-3 + sentences to answer a question. You should try to write the answers to the questions after reading the relevant part of the article, but before you read the next part (e.g., answer the questions about the introduction before you read the methods section of the paper). For this assignment, each Summary & Critique needs to be a minimum of 2 pages each. Title 1. Give the full reference for the article (see # 37 of APA Style Guide). Introduction 2. What is the goal of the study? 3. What are the Independent and Dependent Variables? 4. What theory/theoretical construct/intervening variable is proposed as the link between the variables of interest? That is, why are they expected to be related? 5. How are the Independent and Dependent Variables being Operationalized? Are there other ways of operationalizing the variables? 6. What Hypotheses are being tested? Are the hypotheses logically related to the theory/intervening variable(s). 7. What is the design of the study (e.g., experiment, correlation/quasi-experiment, descriptive study, Longitudinal, Cross-Sectional, etc.). Methods 8. Are there any special characteristics of the sample (convenience sample, random sample, or clinical sample; is adequate demographic info provided: age, sex, ethnicity, SES, etc) 9. How are the variables of interest measured? (If it was an experiment, how was the IV manipulated) 10. Does the method actually test the hypothesis? 11. If the study involves an experimental manipulation, is there a manipulation check Results 12. What were the results? Do the results support the hypotheses? (if multiple hypotheses, which results were and were not supported) 13. Were there any unexpected results? Discussion 14. What was the author’s Interpretation of the Results? Does the author’s interpretation of the results fit with your interpretation? 15. Was there anything left out of the discussion that you expected to see? 16. What applications and implications of the results does the author offer? Do you agree or disagree? Do you see any other applications or implications the author could have noted? 17. What are the strengths and limitations of the present study?
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1 Illegal Immigrants in the U.S. Economy: A Comparative Analysis of Mexican and Non-Mexican Undocumented Workers By Francisco L. Rivera-Batiz Director, Program in Economic Policy Management and Associate Professor of Economics and Education Room 1033 International Affairs Building 420 West 118 th Street Columbia University New York, NY 10027 March 2001
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2 1. Introduction The prevailing image of undocumented workers in the United States is that of a population with low levels of educational attainment, employed in sectors supplying low-skilled jobs. This stereotypical view is reinforced by the frequent images portrayed in the press of the millions of unskilled Mexican immigrants who illegally cross the border with the U.S. every year. It is a perception that is shared by most migration scholars. For example, in an analysis of a sample of illegal immigrants in Chicago, Illinois, Chiswick (1988: 143) concludes that “most illegal aliens have low levels of schooling.” Similarly, a recent report from the National Academy of Sciences (1997: 7) observes that, compared to legal immigrants: “illegal immigrants. ..are generally more poorly educated.” And in a recent book, Borjas refers to the employers of illegal immigrants in the U.S. as “large agricultural enterprises, sweatshops, and native households that hire illegal aliens as maids or nannies” [Borjas (1999: 206)]. This is a common perception, as reflected in the following statement by Ray Borane, the major of Douglas, Arizona in a bitter New York Times editorial condemning the employers of undocumented workers: “Do you have any idea what havoc you cause in our area and in other border towns, all because some of you hire illegal immigrants to make your beds, mow your lawns and cook your meals?” 1 Since most undocumented workers remain in the U.S. economy largely undetected, existing profiles of illegal immigrants emerge mostly from the accounts of journalists or from particular case studies (with small samples) carried out by social scientists. The study by Chiswick, for example, consisted of a sample of 292 illegal immigrants, most of them from Mexico. And the studies upon which the National Academy of Sciences based its earlier statement about illegal immigrants were predominantly of Mexican migrants. 2 The comments by Major Borane, as most surfacing in the press, are based on immigrants close to the U.S.-Mexico border. The fact is that the views currently displayed in public discussions of illegal immigration are subject to the limited data utilized to describe this population. This paper provides an analysis of the labor market performance of illegal immigrants in
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Running head: JOURNAL CRITIQUE # 6 1 Journal Critique #6
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JOURNAL CRITIQUE # 6 2 PROBLEM Curriculum is currently isolated and does not reveal topics or the world as being interdependent. Students are not able to develop a rich sense of neither citizenship nor civic action in their current formal classroom studies. Community partnerships are not used enough to help encourage these relationships. Educators do not all conceptualize the ways in which community-based pedagogy can be used within their classrooms. PURPOSE This study looks at the Second Tuesday Project, a community-based research and service program implemented in conjunction at an urban high school (Cole, 2010, p. 16). The researchers intended on finding what makes learning relevant and meaningful to students. This study adequately assesses how collaboration with outside organizations can enhance content curriculum and make relationships to the people, landscapes, cultures, and politics. The researchers look closely at the daily experiences, successes, and pedagogical challenges of teachers and students working with community partners as part of the Second Tuesday Project (Cole, 2010, p. 15). METHODOLOGY Research was conducted at Jefferson Center High School in Riverside, California during the 2007-2008 school year. This was also the second year of their Human Services programs in a Capstone course offered for seniors at Jefferson. The participants included two teachers, Jerry Michaels and Sandra Patterson. Each teacher was interviewed and some of the questions included the following: How do we provide a decent life to people in our community and how do we help people who are less fortunate? The teachers were observed in their classrooms, faculty meetings, and during instructional time. 38 students participated in the study and all were seniors that identified with being African American. Eight of the students volunteered after schools and were interviewed.
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