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1. We should use the death penalty no matter what other nations think. It is popular in Texas by

very wide margins across all groups.

           a. nominalist epistemology                                      c. nominalist politics

           b. nominalist ethics                                                              d. B & C

2. The age-old, natural law tradition supports the death penalty.

           a. realist ethics                                                                                c. realist epistemology

           b. A & D                                                                                                    d. realist politics

3. But, we're better than that now, more civilized, advanced, not driven by revenge.

           a. nominalist ethics, politics                                     c. realist ethics

           b. realist metaphysics                                                           d. realist politics

4. Only a "rational actor" view of humanity denigrates emotions. It is right to be angry about horrific crimes.

           a. nominalist metaphysics, ethics                             c. realist metaphysics, ethics

           b. nominalist politics                                                             d. nominalist epistemology

5. The death penalty socializes society to ultimate values.

           a. nominalist politics                                                             c. nominalist ethics

           b. realist metaphysics, ethics, politics            d. nominalist metaphysics

6. But killing cannot socialize to life.

           a. nominalist metaphysics                                                    c. nominalist epistemology

           b. nominalist politics                                                            d. realist metaphysics

7. But that equates the two lives, the innocent and the guilty.

           a. nominalist epistemology                                       c. realist ethics  

           b. nominalist politics                                                            d. nominalist metaphysics

8. The death penalty is, without irony, "pro-life" for its valuation of the victim's life.

           a. realist metaphysics, ethics                        c. nominalist politics

           b. nominalist ethics                                                             d. nominalist epistemology

9. The death penalty is "pro-justice" for its adherence to the classic view of justice (realist reciprocity).

           a. realist ethics & politics                                         c. nominalist metaphysics

           b. nominalist epistemology                                       d. nominalist politics

10. Justice should include rehabilitation and other values.

           a. realist ethics & politics                                         c. nominalist epistemology

           b. nominalist ethics & politics                                  d. realist metaphysics

11. The death penalty deters (demotivates) crime.

           a. realist epistemology                                                          c. nominalist ethics

           b. nominalist politics                                                           d. realist politics

12. There is no evidence the death penalty deters crime.

           a. nominalist politics                                                           c. realist epistemology

           b. nominalist epistemology                                       d. nominalist ethics

13. The lack of evidence of deterrence is because the psycho-social link between crime and punishment has been broken by lengthy appeals processes and anti-death penalty advocacy.

           a. nominalist metaphysics                                         c. nominalist epistemology

           b. realist epistemology                                                          d. nominalist ethics & politics

14. The death penalty provides "closure" for the families of victims and society.

           a. realist ethics                                                                                 c. realist metaphysics

           b. realist epistemology                                                        d. nominalist ethics, politics

15. The death penalty violates our modern values. We are civilized, not barbaric.

           a. realist politics                                                                               c. realist ethics & politics

           b. nominalist ethics & politics                                   d. realist epistemology

16. But the definition of justice (getting what one deserves) is arguably universal.

           a. nominalist metaphysics                                          c. nominalist epistemology

           b. realist ethics & politics                                          d. nominalist ethics

17. The death penalty is inherently and always "cruel and unusual punishment."

           a. nominalist metaphysics                                         c. nominalist epistemology

           b. nominalist ethics                                                               d. realist metaphysics, ethics, politics

18. Neither the legislature nor judiciary has defined "cruel and unusual" and life in prison may be far more cruel than the moment of death.

           a. realist metaphysics                                                c. realist epistemology

           b. nominalist politics                                                             d. nominalist metaphysics

19. Criminals are often mentally deficient or otherwise not responsible for their actions.

           a. realist politics                                                                                c. realist metaphysics & ethics

           b. nominalist politics                                                             d. nominalist metaphysics & ethics

20. We already have laws protecting the mentally deficient as well as discerning between cause and responsibility.

           a. nominalist politics                                                             c. realist ethics & politics

           b. nominalist ethics                                                               d. nominalist epistemology

21. Statistical studies reveal racial, poverty and other biases in the death penalty, making it discriminatory (contra 14th am).

           a. nominalist ethics                                                              c. nominalist epistemology

           b. realist epistemology                                                          d. nominalist politics

22. The Supreme Court ruled on these broad statistical analyses. They cannot be used to show causation in particular cases.

           a. realist epistemology, politics                                c. nominalist ethics

           b. nominalist epistemology                                       d. nominalist metaphysics

23. The death penalty is applied arbitrarily and inconsistently, in violation of 8th and 14 ams.

           a. realist metaphysics                                                            c. nominalist epistemology

           b. realist epistemology                                                          d. realist ethics, politics

24. This is about due process, not the death penalty itself, and contradicts the claim of bias (which would be a consistent pattern).

           a. realist epistemology                                                          c. nominalist ethics

           b. nominalist epistemology                                       d. nominalist politics

25. Wrongful convictions undermine due process and are irreversible.

           a. nominalist epistemology                                       c. realist metaphysics, epistemology

           b. nominalist metaphysics                                                     d. nominalist ethics


Extra Credit

26. Wrongful convictions call for due-process-reform not death-penalty-abolition, and do not abolish responsibility for justice and decision-making.

           a. nominalist ethics                                                              c. nominalist politics

           b. realist epistemology & ethics                              d. nominalist epistemology

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