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This is AP Comparative Politics and Government, not US Government.

Use the book ESSENTIALS OF COMPARATIVE POLITICS WITH CASES as the material, page 2-61


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15. What must be done to prove cause and effect? a. establish multicausality to show events always have more than one cause O b. rule out every influence on the dependent variable beside the independent variable O c. find a relationship between two variables in a study that can be repeated O d. find a correlation that exists in two or more geographic regions or states 16. Which philosopher believed a free market economy would meet people's needs and keep order? O a. Thomas Hobbes O b. Montesquieu O c. Karl Marx O d. Adam Smith 17. Which philosopher believed a strong government is necessary to keep order and protect people from "the war of every man against every man"? O a. Thomas Hobbes O b. John Locke O c. Jean-Jacques Rousseau O d. Adam Smith 18. What is an example of QUALITATIVE research? a. analyzing statistics about an election O b. interviewing an elected official O c. comparing data from two different elections O d. statistically analyzing survey results 19. Which type of research is more likely to use DEDUCTIVE reasoning? O a. qualitative O b. quantitative

2U. Which type of research looks for correlations across countries? 0 a. qualitative O b. quantitative 21. In a research study, a control is a situation that O a. includes the independent variable you are testing. 0 b. makes it impossible for the dependent variable to occur. 0 c. lacks the independent vanable you are testing. 0 d. includes both the independent and dependent variable. 22. An organization or pattern that is self—perpetuating and valued for its own sake is a(n} O a. area study. 0 b. endogeneity. O c. causal relationship. 0 d. institution. 23. The beliefthat people voluntarily give up some liberties in exchange for order is O a. communism. O b. separation of powers. 0 c. the social contract. 0 d. the political landscape. 24. What is TRUE of freedom and equality in a political system? Q a. Greater individual freedom may reduce equality. O b. Greater equality may result in less individual freedom. 0 c. Government may increase freedom by dealing with social problems. 0 d. All of these statements are true.

25. Which scholar first separated the study of politics from philosophy? O a. Hobbes O b. Locke O c. Machiavelli O d. Aristotle 26. A monopoly of force over a given territory, as well as the set of political institutions that helps create and implement policies and resolve conflict is a O a. regime. O b. government. O c. state. O d. country. 27. A regime is often established by a. election of a new president. b. selection of a new prime minister. O c. a new law. O d. a constitution. 28. What is part of a state's GOVERNMENT, rather than its regime? a. the prime minister b. the process through which the state passes laws c. the process in which the state chooses its prime minister O d. the rules and norms of the state's politics 29. What is part of a state's REGIME, rather than its government? a. a new law that is passed through normal processes b. the process through which the state passes laws O c. the president O d. a governor

30. What is an example of federalism? a. regional leaders being elected independently of a central government O b. regional officials being part of a central, statewide government c. power being consolidated in a central, statewide government d. a central government recalling a leader with a vote of no confidence 31. Which of these structures is MOST institutionalized and LEAST likely to change? a. government O b. regime O c. state 32. What is a characteristic of a modern state? O a. It is a sovereign entity. b. Cultural factors, rather than politics, provide organization. c. It is a weak, decentralized empire. d. An institution that exists outside the state has great power. 33. The first modern states formed after O a. the American Revolution. O b. the English Civil War. O c. the Magna Carta. O d. the Peace of Westphalia. 34. What was the dominant force in Europe after the fall of the first Roman Empire? O a. the Magna Carta O b. the Christian church c. devolution d. unitary government

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15. What must be done to prove cause and effect? a. establish multicausality to show events always have more than one cause O b. rule out every
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