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Question

PSC 101Multiple ChoiceIdentify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. a.

____ 1. Government is best defined as the

institutions and procedures by which a territory and its people are ruled.

b.

set of political principles and values that guide political life.

c.

means by which wealth is redistributed.

d.

invisible hand that turns private interests into public goods.


____ 2. A(n) ________ occurs when a small group of wealthy landowners and corporate leaders control the government.

a.

monarchy

c.

authoritarian regime

b.

oligarchy

d.

totalitarian state


____ 3. An autocracy exists when

a.

the government is controlled by a single individual.

b.

the government is controlled by a small but powerful group of people.

c.

the constitution of a government is followed strictly.

d.

citizens play a significant part in government by electing key public officials.


____ 4. Direct democracy is best defined as

a.

the system of government run by one person.

b.

a system that allows citizens to vote directly for laws and policies.

c.

the competition between interest groups for governmental power.

d.

a system that allows citizens to elect representatives who play a significant role in governmental decision-making.


____ 5. A representative democracy is a system of government that

a.

allows citizens to vote directly on laws and policies.

b.

allows citizens to make, veto, or judge statutes personally.

c.

gives citizens a regular opportunity to elect top government officials.

d.

gives citizens the ability to debate important constitutional decisions.


____ 6. The theory that all interests are and should be free to compete for influence in the government is called

a.

republicanism.

c.

pluralism.

b.

hedonism.

d.

communism.


____ 7. Which of the following is an example of the process of direct democracy?

a.

citizens in a state approving the use of medical marijuana through referendum

b.

a citizen calling her representative to complain about potholes on local roads

c.

a group of citizens coming together to debate the pros and cons of higher taxes

d.

a citizen deciding to contribute money to his preferred presidential candidate


____ 8. Political culture refers to the

a.

way artists, musicians, filmmakers, and cultural critics use their messages to influence political decision-making.

b.

shared values, beliefs, and attitudes that serve to hold a nation and its people together.

c.

system of organizing politically, which is defined historically in the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union.

d.

formal rules that govern the interaction between the executive, legislative, and judicial branches.


____ 9. The belief that political authority should rest with the people themselves is called

a.

political equality.

c.

popular sovereignty.

b.

pluralism.

d.

federalism.


____ 10. Throughout American history, the concept of liberty has been linked to the idea of

a.

privacy.

c.

unlimited government.

b.

limited government.

d.

economic equality.


____ 11. The essential documents of the American founding are the ________ and the ________.

a.

Declaration of Independence; Constitution

b.

Declaration of Independence; Magna Carta

c.

Constitution; Magna Carta

d.

Constitution; Mayflower Compact


____ 12. ________ are the three core values in American politics.

a.

Liberty, equality, and democracy

b.

Democracy, patriotism, and the rule of law

c.

Equality, oligarchy, and free enterprise

d.

Anarchy, equality, and patriotism


____ 13. A ________ is a system of government in which member states retain almost all of their sovereign authority and delegate limited powers to a weak central body.

a.

Republic

c.

bicameral state

b.

Confederation

d.

unitary state


____ 14. The United States' first written constitution was called the

a.

Magna Carta.

c.

Articles of Confederation.

b.

Bill of Rights.

d.

Declaration of Independence.


____ 15. The political significance of the Great Compromise and the Three-Fifths Compromise was to

a.

reinforce the unity of the New England merchants and the southern planters.

b.

exacerbate tensions between the New England merchants and the southern planters.

c.

transfer power from the Senate majority leader to the vice president.

d.

increase public support for the establishment of a national bank.


____ 16. Bicameralism is a constitutional principle that represents the division of

a.

the national government into two branches.

b.

the powers of the executive branch between two individuals: the president and the vice president.

c.

Congress into two chambers.

d.

the federal court system into two levels: the Supreme Court and the appellate courts.


____ 17. The three branches of government created by the Constitution are

a.

constitutional, elected, and appointed.

b.

executive, legislative, and judicial.

c.

federal, state, and local.

d.

military, courts, and bureaucracy.


____ 18. The system of shared powers, divided between a central government and the state governments, is called

a.

the electoral college.

c.

checks and balances.

b.

federalism.

d.

the separation of powers.


____ 19. Judicial review is the power of

a.

the courts to decide on the constitutionality of actions taken by the other branches of government.

b.

Congress to review the decisions of the federal courts.

c.

the states to review the constitutionality of federal actions and laws.

d.

the courts to review and edit pieces of legislation before they are voted on in Congress.


____ 20. What does the supremacy clause assert?

a.

Congress is the most powerful branch of the government.

b.

The Constitution and all laws made under it are superior to any state laws.

c.

State laws are superior to any federal laws.

d.

No European powers shall interfere in North America.


____ 21. There are ________ amendments to the U.S. Constitution.

a.

10

c.

27

b.

20

d.

37


____ 22. The purpose of the Tenth Amendment is to

a.

ensure that each state constitution offers the same number of individual rights provided by the federal Constitution.

b.

limit the powers of the federal government by reserving certain powers to the states and to the people.

c.

grant citizens of each state access to the federal court system.

d.

protect freedom of speech.


____ 23. "Marble cake federalism" is associated with the

a.

increasing political power of local governments over the last two decades.

b.

pattern of intergovernmental cooperation that has blurred the lines between the states and the national governments.

c.

practice of federal officials bribing their state counterparts with various gifts in order to convince them to follow national standards.

d.

confusion that emerged during the 1960s about which layer of government is actually responsible for regulating the national economy.


____ 24. The Bill of Rights

a.

is the first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution.

b.

includes all of the civil liberties and civil rights found in the U.S. Constitution.

c.

is the first national Constitution of the United States.

d.

is the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.


____ 25. ________ are areas of personal freedom with which governments are constrained from interfering.

a.

Civil rights

c.

Electoral rights

b.

Political rights

d.

Civil liberties


____ 26. The so-called wall of separation between church and state is best found in which clause of the Constitution?

a.

free exercise

c.

equal protection

b.

establishment

d.

wall of separation


____ 27. The words under God were added to the Pledge of Allegiance

a.

in the midst of the Cold War, as a response to the "godless communism" of the Soviet Union.

b.

during the Civil War, to tie the Union's war effort to religion.

c.

in 1823, during a religious revival called the Second Great Awakening.

d.

as a result of campaign promises made by the Republican Party during the election of 1980.


____ 28. Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission (2010) was significant because the Supreme Court concluded that the Constitution

a.

prohibits the government from limiting campaign spending in any way.

b.

allows the government to prevent certain candidates from running campaign advertisements.

c.

allows the government to ban political speech that is funded by corporations.

d.

prohibits the government from regulating political speech that is funded by corporations.


____ 29. ________ prevents people from being tried twice for the same crime.

a.

Self-incrimination

c.

Unreasonable seizures

b.

Double jeopardy

d.

Cruel and unusual punishment


____ 30. Which of the following statements about the death penalty is MOST accurate?

a.

Almost every Western nation still executes criminals.

b.

America, Canada, France, and Norway are the only Western nations that still execute criminals.

c.

America is the only Western nation that still executes criminals.

d.

America and Canada are the only Western nations that still execute criminals.


____ 31. What was the Seneca Falls Convention?

a.

a meeting in upstate New York during the mid-nineteenth century regarding women's rights

b.

an important gathering that initiated the abolitionist movement

c.

the convention that wrote and debated the Fourteenth Amendment

d.

the convention where leaders of the Confederacy and the Union negotiated the end of the Civil War


____ 32. The Montgomery bus boycott began after ____________ refused to give up her seat for a white man.

a.

Lucretia Mott

c.

Rosa Parks

b.

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

d.

Orbal Faubus


____ 33. Why did President Dwight D. Eisenhower deploy federal troops to Little Rock, Arkansas, in 1957?

a.

There were massive race riots as a result of a federal court order to bus white children into African American neighborhoods for schooling.

b.

The governor of Arkansas mobilized the Arkansas National Guard to block the enforcement of a federal court order to integrate Little Rock Central High School.

c.

Ku Klux Klan members from Little Rock were making terrorist threats against President Eisenhower if the local school district tried to integrate.

d.

The local police refused to respond to calls from African American neighborhoods.


____ 34. In response to the Supreme Court's decision in Brown v. Board of Education (1954), southern officials

a.

passed laws requiring schools to desegregate.

b.

centralized school board authority with the state to prevent local districts from obeying the Supreme Court.

c.

praised the Court's decision.

d.

enacted so-called pupil placement laws, which put the burden of transferring to all-white schools on local school boards rather than parents.


____ 35. The Civil Rights Act of 1964

a.

eliminated the Department of Justice and replaced it with the Department of Civil Rights.

b.

created an independent circuit of federal courts devoted entirely to school desegregation litigation.

c.

prohibited the Justice Department from implementing federal court orders to desegregate schools unless at least three individual parents filed formal complaints.

d.

authorized the Justice Department to implement federal court orders to desegregate schools without having to wait for individual parents to bring complaints.


____ 36. What occurs when electoral districts are drawn so that one group or party is unfairly advantaged?

a.

reapportionment

c.

logrolling

b.

gerrymandering

d.

redlining


____ 37. What is redlining?

a.

the practice of bank officials refusing to make loans to people living in certain neighborhoods

b.

the practice of drawing electoral districts that are biased against minority groups

c.

denying someone the right to vote by drawing a red line across his or her name in the voter registry

d.

the practice of drawing school district boundaries in a way that ensures segregated schools


____ 38. In Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857), the Supreme Court determined that

a.

Dred Scott was a free citizen.

b.

slaves were not citizens of the United States.

c.

African Americans had minimal process rights under the U.S. Constitution.

d.

the Missouri Compromise was constitutional in all aspects.


____ 39. Which of the following was used as a way to limit the electoral influence of African Americans?

a.

literacy tests

c.

open primaries

b.

restrictive covenants

d.

closed primaries


____ 40. The Equal Rights Amendment failed to pass because it

a.

won approval in the House but not in the Senate.

b.

won approval in the Senate but not in the House.

c.

was not ratified by the necessary 38 states.

d.

was vetoed by President Ronald Reagan.


____ 41. The DREAM Act would

a.

provide federal scholarships and student loans for all undocumented immigrants who came to the United States as young children.

b.

provide a route to permanent residency via military service or college attendance for undocumented immigrants who came to the United States as young children.

c.

prohibit undocumented immigrants from receiving benefits from any federal government education program.

d.

increase the number of student visas available to foreigners by 50 percent.


____ 42. Which group was NOT permitted to immigrate to the United States from the late nineteenth century until the 1940s?

a.

Chinese

c.

Mexicans

b.

Japanese

d.

Russians


____ 43. A political ideology is best defined as

a.

the specific preferences individuals contemplate while discussing an issue.

b.

a cohesive set of beliefs that form a general philosophy about the government.

c.

the concrete interests that people try to defend through public policy.

d.

the various attitudes that citizens possess toward political issues, events, and people.


____ 44. The process by which political values are formed is known as

a.

political socialization.

c.

brainwashing.

b.

ideological education.

d.

value enhancing.


____ 45. A person's political party preference is primarily acquired through the influence of the

a.

person's family.

b.

region of the country the person inhabits.

c.

person's education.

d.

media.


____ 46. Which of the following is an example of the "gender gap"?

a.

that men and women have roughly the same overall levels of support for abortion

b.

that men are more supportive of Donald Trump's presidency than women

c.

that women earn, on average, less than men

d.

that women received the right to vote in the United States long after most men did


____ 47. More affluent and educated citizens wield an outsized influence over policy makers because

a.

the majority of affluent and educated citizens personally know an elected official.

b.

the emoluments clause of the Constitution compels elected officials to give preferential treatment to citizens with a college degree.

c.

they vote at higher rates, and they are more likely to contribute money to political campaigns.

d.

their opinions are of higher quality than those of less affluent and less educated citizens.


____ 48. The practice of push polling involves

a.

polling services attempting to sell their polling data to major news media organizations at higher prices during election seasons.

b.

the procedure of asking loaded questions in order to subtly shape the respondent's opinion.

c.

the effect of polls having to push politicians into adopting policy proposals they would not otherwise adopt.

d.

the system of repeatedly calling people in the sampling frame until they respond to the survey.


____ 49. If a person supports a candidate because he or she is the front-runner in a poll, it is an example of the

a.

bellwether effect.

c.

bandwagon effect.

b.

illusion of saliency.

d.

"bounce" effect.


____ 50. In the United States, freedom of the press is protected by

a.

Article I of the Constitution.

b.

the Declaration of Independence.

c.

the First Amendment of the Constitution.

d.

the Freedom of the Press Act of 1790.


____ 51. News produced by individuals and organizations who are not employed as professional journalists is called

a.

advocacy journalism.

c.

citizen journalism.

b.

adversarial journalism.

d.

"fake news."


____ 52. Which of the following news sources reaches the MOST Americans?

a.

radio

c.

the internet

b.

television

d.

newspapers


____ 53. What bloc of voters has recently been called "the sleeping giant"?

a.

African Americans

c.

Asian Americans

b.

Latino Americans

d.

middle-class whites


____ 54. On average, women tend to vote for ________ candidates and men tend to vote for ________ candidates.

a.

Republican; Republican

c.

Democratic; Republican

b.

Republican; Democratic

d.

Democratic; Democratic


____ 55. Which of the following groups typically has the highest level of political participation?

a.

senior citizens (65 and older)

b.

Asian Americans

c.

young people (18-24)

d.

people who did not graduate high school


____ 56. Which of the following election reforms is designed to make voting easier?

a.

literacy tests

c.

voter identification laws

b.

same-day voter registration

d.

poll taxes


____ 57. In a proportional representation electoral system

a.

seats in the legislature are allocated to political parties based on their share of the total vote cast in the election.

b.

each political party receives an equal number of seats in the legislature.

c.

every candidate that receives above a certain percentage of the vote (usually set at 20 percent) is awarded a seat in the legislature.

d.

candidates can only win elections if they receive a majority of the overall votes.


____ 58. The American system for electing members of Congress is often referred to as "winner take all" because

a.

there are very few constraints on the kinds of laws that a member of Congress can propose once elected.

b.

there are no term limits that prevent long-serving representatives from remaining in office.

c.

runners-up do not gain seats in government.

d.

whichever political party receives the most votes in the country overall is guaranteed a majority in the House and the Senate.


____ 59. Political parties hold primary elections or caucuses in order to

a.

take nominations for leadership positions within the party.

b.

vote on the party's platform.

c.

select a single candidate to represent the party in the general election.

d.

raise money to spend on the party's preselected candidate for the general election.


____ 60. ________ is the practice of tailoring campaign messages to individuals in small, homogenous groups.

a.

Micro-targeting

c.

Message bundling

b.

Winnowing

d.

Redlining


____ 61. A party's ________ contains its philosophy, principles, and policy positions.

a.

caucus

c.

platform

b.

convention

d.

machine


____ 62. ________ are independent, nonprofit groups that receive and distribute funds to influence the nomination, election, and/or defeat of a candidate.

a.

Corporate interests

c.

Political caucuses

b.

527 committees

d.

Party machines


____ 63. An individual's psychological attachment to one party or another is called a party

a.

ideology.

c.

identification.

b.

opinion.

d.

tradition.


____ 64. When Richard Nixon employed his "southern strategy," he

a.

used the FBI to help collect secrets and blackmail southern Democratic leaders.

b.

ignored the southern states in favor of voters in the Midwest and Northeast.

c.

appealed to disaffected white voters in the South.

d.

appealed to black southerners who had recently mobilized for civil rights.


____ 65. During midterm elections, voters are selecting

a.

federal judges.

c.

the president.

b.

members of Congress.

d.

national-level referendums.


____ 66. A(n) ________ occurs when a voter must be registered with a party prior to voting in that party's election.

a.

open primary

c.

majority system

b.

closed primary

d.

referendum


____ 67. The ________ is the last example of indirect voting in national elections.

a.

referendum

c.

open primary

b.

electoral college

d.

closed primary


____ 68. In order to win the presidency, a candidate must win

a.

at least 270 electoral votes.

b.

a majority of the popular vote.

c.

at least 26 state-level presidential elections.

d.

at least 300 electoral votes.


____ 69. A referendum is the

a.

congressional election held between presidential elections.

b.

power to remove an elected official from office during the middle of his or her term.

c.

practice of referring a proposed law passed by a legislature to the vote of the electorate for approval or rejection.

d.

process by which a party selects its candidates for the general election.


____ 70. Who is an incumbent?

a.

the current officeholder running for re-election

b.

the candidate who raises the most money during the campaign

c.

whoever is leading in the polls on the day of the election

d.

a candidate who is running against a current officeholder in an election


____ 71. Which three types of factors influence the decisions of voters at the polls?

a.

wealth, education, and issues

b.

advertising, partisan loyalty, and personality

c.

partisan loyalty, issues, and the characteristics of candidates

d.

advertising, debates, and issues


____ 72. Interest groups are permitted to spend as much money as they want on issue advocacy during a campaign season, as long as they

a.

do not coordinate their efforts with a candidate's own campaign organization.

b.

are willing to publicize their membership lists.

c.

present both sides of the issue in their issue advocacy ads.

d.

do not employ any person who has formerly worked on a political campaign.


____ 73. The Supreme Court's landmark decision in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission (2010) was significant because it

a.

dramatically decreased the flow of money from interest groups, 527s, and Super PACs into politics and electoral campaigns.

b.

dramatically increased the flow of money from interest groups, 527s, and Super PACs into politics and electoral campaigns.

c.

prohibited 527s and Super PACs from donating to electoral campaigns but increased the amount of money interest groups could contribute.

d.

prohibited interest groups from donating to electoral campaigns but increased the amount of money 527s and Super PACs could contribute.


____ 74. A U.S. senator has a ________-year term.

a.

two

c.

six

b.

four

d.

eight


____ 75. Congress is a ________ legislature with ________ total members.

a.

unicameral; 342

c.

bicameral; 100

b.

bicameral; 535

d.

bicameral; 275


____ 76. The Senate's constitutional power of advice and consent extends to the president's power to

a.

make treaties with foreign nations.

b.

make executive agreements.

c.

issue executive orders.

d.

issue pardons.


____ 77. What is required for Congress to override a presidential veto?

a.

a majority of both houses of Congress

b.

two-thirds of both houses of Congress

c.

three-fourths of both houses of Congress

d.

a unanimous vote of both houses of Congress


____ 78. The ________ asserted that the president could send American troops into action abroad only in the event of a declaration of war or other statutory authorization by Congress, or if American troops were attacked or directly endangered.

a.

War Powers Resolution of 1973

c.

Boland Amendment of 1982

b.

National Security Act of 1947

d.

USA PATRIOT Act of 2001


____ 79. Which of the following statements about the presidential veto is MOST accurate?

a.

Presidents have used the veto only twice in American history.

b.

Use of the veto has remained constant across presidential administrations, and vetoes are frequently overridden.

c.

Use of the veto varies considerably across presidential administrations, and vetoes are seldom overridden.

d.

Use of the veto has remained constant across presidential administrations, and vetoes are seldom overridden.


____ 80. After the president and vice president, which office is next in the line of succession?

a.

Speaker of the House

c.

secretary of state

b.

Senate majority leader

d.

attorney general


____ 81. How many presidents have been impeached throughout American history?

a.

zero

c.

two

b.

one

d.

three


____ 82. Impeachment offenses are charged by the

a.

House and tried in the Senate, with the chief justice presiding and a two-thirds vote needed for conviction.

b.

Senate and tried in the House, with the chief justice presiding and a two-thirds vote needed for conviction.

c.

Senate and tried in the House, with the chief justice presiding and a 50 percent plus one vote needed for conviction.

d.

House and tried in the Senate, with the chief justice presiding and a 50 percent plus one vote needed for conviction.


____ 83. The doctrine of ________ requires courts to follow authoritative prior decisions when ruling on a case.

a.

stare decisis

c.

ex post facto

b.

habeas corpus

d.

a priori


____ 84. Through the exercise of ________, the Supreme Court has held actions or laws of the executive and legislative branches unconstitutional.

a.

stare decisis

c.

clemency

b.

writs of certiorari

d.

judicial review


____ 85. ________ occurs when the price level of goods and services increases over several months.

a.

A budget deficit

c.

Inflation

b.

An open-market operation

d.

A recession


____ 86. The index of the total output of goods and services produced in a national economy is called the

a.

inflation index.

c.

monetary fund.

b.

gross domestic product.

d.

consumer price index.


____ 87. Which of the following statements best summarizes the Democratic and Republican parties' views on the appropriate role of government in the economy?

a.

Republicans tend to draw on the ideas of laissez-faire economics as they argue for significant reductions in nonmilitary spending; Democrats stress the importance of government regulation in promoting a strong economy.

b.

Democrats tend to draw on the ideas of laissez-faire economics as they argue for significant reductions in nonmilitary spending; Republicans stress the importance of government regulation in promoting a strong economy.

c.

Both the Democratic and Republican parties believe in government ownership of key industries.

d.

Both the Democratic and Republican parties believe strongly in the ideas of laissez-faire economics and would like to keep the government out of the economy altogether.


____ 88. The ________ is the amount by which government spending exceeds government revenue in a fiscal year.

a.

budget deficit

c.

gross domestic product

b.

inflation rate

d.

reserve requirement


____ 89. Sales taxes are ________, and most income taxes are ________.

a.

regressive; regressive

c.

progressive; regressive

b.

progressive; progressive

d.

regressive; progressive


____ 90. The goal of Social Security is to

a.

provide health insurance for the elderly and the disabled.

b.

ensure a basic income to all workers once they retire.

c.

guarantee affordable housing for the elderly and the disabled.

d.

cover the basic living expenses of Americans who are permanently or temporarily unemployed.


____ 91. A(n) ________ benefit is one where potential recipients must document their genuine need.

a.

indexed

c.

means-tested

b.

contributory

d.

in-kind


____ 92. Medicare is a ________ program; Medicaid is a ________ program.

a.

noncontributory; contributory

c.

contributory; contributory

b.

contributory; noncontributory

d.

noncontributory; noncontributory


____ 93. The nineteenth-century policy of ________ was based on the geographic distance of the United States from other countries.

a.

idealism

c.

internationalism

b.

isolationism

d.

sovereign dominance


____ 94. The North American Free Trade Agreement is a(n)

a.

trade treaty between Mexico, Canada, and the United States designed to lower and eliminate tariffs.

b.

executive agreement between the United States and the other nations of North and Central America, giving one another most-favored-nation trade status.

c.

treaty between the United States, Canada, and Mexico pledging a unified strategy regarding trade with Asia and Europe.

d.

executive agreement reducing trade and immigration barriers throughout North America.


____ 95. The Bush administration's so-called Global War on Terror and the war in Iraq were expressions of

a.

isolationism.

c.

preventive war.

b.

deterrence.

d.

appeasement.


____ 96. The Cold War began in the

a.

late 1940s, soon after World War II.

b.

early 1950s, with the Korean War.

c.

late 1950s, with American involvement in Vietnam.

d.

early 1960s, with the Cuban missile crisis.


____ 97. The representation of a government to other foreign governments is called

a.

multilateralism.

c.

a treaty.

b.

bilateralism.

d.

diplomacy.


____ 98. The World Bank's chief mission is to

a.

provide development aid to poor countries.

b.

set the exchange rate for transferring money from one country to another.

c.

handle the finances of the United Nations.

d.

store the official gold reserves that back up the world's financial system.


____ 99. The five permanent members of the UN Security Council have more influence over the Security Council's decisions than other countries because

a.

they are each given 10 additional votes on every substantive proposal.

b.

they are each given a "veto" that is sufficient to reject any substantive proposal.

c.

other countries have traditionally deferred to the permanent members' knowledge and expertise.

d.

they are the only countries allowed to vote on issues before the Security Council.


____ 100. The term soft power refers to

a.

any unsuccessful attempt by one nation to influence another.

b.

military tactics and technologies that are designed to minimize civilian causalities.

c.

efforts by one nation to influence the people and governments of other nations by persuasion rather than coercion.

d.

any policy tool that has declined in influence over time.

PSC 101

Answer Section


MULTIPLE CHOICE


1. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: CH01—Government

OBJ: Define government and forms of government MSC: Remembering


2. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: CH01—Government

OBJ: Define government and forms of government MSC: Remembering


3. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: CH01—Government

OBJ: Define government and forms of government MSC: Remembering


4. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: CH01—Government

OBJ: Define government and forms of government MSC: Remembering


5. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: CH01—Government

OBJ: Define government and forms of government MSC: Remembering


6. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH01—Government

OBJ: Define government and forms of government MSC: Remembering


7. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH01—Government

OBJ: Define government and forms of government MSC: Applying


8. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: CH01—American Political Culture

OBJ: Analyze whether the U.S. system of government upholds American political values

MSC: Remembering


9. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: CH01—American Political Culture

OBJ: Analyze whether the U.S. system of government upholds American political values

MSC: Remembering


10. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH01—American Political Culture

OBJ: Analyze whether the U.S. system of government upholds American political values

MSC: Remembering


11. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH01—American Political Culture

OBJ: Analyze whether the U.S. system of government upholds American political values

MSC: Remembering


12. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH01—American Political Culture

OBJ: Analyze whether the U.S. system of government upholds American political values

MSC: Understanding


13. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Easy

REF: CH02—The First Founding: Interests and Conflicts

OBJ: Describe the events that led to the Declaration of Independence and the Articles of Confederation

MSC: Remembering


14. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Easy

REF: CH02—The First Founding: Interests and Conflicts

OBJ: Describe the events that led to the Declaration of Independence and the Articles of Confederation

MSC: Remembering


15. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH02—The Constitution

OBJ: Explain how the Constitution attempted to improve America's governance, and outline the major institutions established by the Constitution MSC: Remembering


16. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: CH02—The Constitution

OBJ: Explain how the Constitution attempted to improve America's governance, and outline the major institutions established by the Constitution MSC: Remembering


17. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: CH02—The Constitution

OBJ: Explain how the Constitution attempted to improve America's governance, and outline the major institutions established by the Constitution MSC: Remembering


18. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: CH02—The Constitution

OBJ: Explain how the Constitution attempted to improve America's governance, and outline the major institutions established by the Constitution MSC: Remembering


19. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH02—The Constitution

OBJ: Explain how the Constitution attempted to improve America's governance, and outline the major institutions established by the Constitution MSC: Remembering


20. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: CH02—The Constitution

OBJ: Explain how the Constitution attempted to improve America's governance, and outline the major institutions established by the Constitution MSC: Remembering


21. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate

REF: CH02—The Citizen's Role and the Changing Constitution

OBJ: Trace how the Constitution has changed over time through the amendment process

MSC: Remembering


22. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate

REF: CH03—Federalism in the Constitution

OBJ: Describe what the Constitution says about the powers of the national government and of the states   

MSC: Understanding


23. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate

REF: CH03—Federalism in the Modern Era

OBJ: Trace developments in the federal framework leading to a stronger national government

MSC: Remembering


24. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Easy

REF: CH04—Civil Liberties and the Constitution

OBJ: Explain the origins and evolution of the civil liberties in the Bill of Rights as they apply to the federal government and the states MSC: Remembering


25. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Easy

REF: CH04—Civil Liberties and the Constitution

OBJ: Explain the origins and evolution of the civil liberties in the Bill of Rights as they apply to the federal government and the states MSC: Remembering


26. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate

REF: CH04—The First Amendment and Freedom of Religion

OBJ: Describe how the First Amendment protects freedom of religion

MSC: Remembering


27. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate

REF: CH04—The First Amendment and Freedom of Religion

OBJ: Describe how the First Amendment protects freedom of religion

MSC: Remembering


28. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate

REF: CH04—The First Amendment and Freedom of Speech and of the Press

OBJ: Describe how the First Amendment protects free speech and freedom of the press

MSC: Remembering


29. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Easy

REF: CH04—Rights of the Criminally Accused

OBJ: Explain the major rights that people have if they are accused of a crime

MSC: Remembering


30. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Difficult

REF: CH04—Rights of the Criminally Accused

OBJ: Explain the major rights that people have if they are accused of a crime

MSC: Applying


31. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate

REF: CH05—The Struggle for Civil Rights

OBJ: Trace the legal developments and social movements that expanded civil rights

MSC: Remembering


32. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate

REF: CH05—The Struggle for Civil Rights

OBJ: Trace the legal developments and social movements that expanded civil rights

MSC: Remembering


33. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate

REF: CH05—The Struggle for Civil Rights

OBJ: Trace the legal developments and social movements that expanded civil rights

MSC: Understanding


34. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Difficult

REF: CH05—The Struggle for Civil Rights

OBJ: Trace the legal developments and social movements that expanded civil rights

MSC: Remembering


35. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate

REF: CH05—The Struggle for Civil Rights

OBJ: Trace the legal developments and social movements that expanded civil rights

MSC: Remembering


36. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate

REF: CH05—The Struggle for Civil Rights

OBJ: Trace the legal developments and social movements that expanded civil rights

MSC: Understanding


37. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate

REF: CH05—The Struggle for Civil Rights

OBJ: Trace the legal developments and social movements that expanded civil rights

MSC: Understanding


38. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate

REF: CH05—The Struggle for Civil Rights

OBJ: Trace the legal developments and social movements that expanded civil rights

MSC: Remembering


39. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Difficult

REF: CH05—The Struggle for Civil Rights

OBJ: Trace the legal developments and social movements that expanded civil rights

MSC: Remembering


40. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH05—Extending Civil Rights

OBJ: Describe how different groups have fought for and won protection of their civil rights

MSC: Remembering


41. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH05—Extending Civil Rights

OBJ: Describe how different groups have fought for and won protection of their civil rights

MSC: Remembering


42. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH05—Extending Civil Rights

OBJ: Describe how different groups have fought for and won protection of their civil rights

MSC: Remembering


43. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH06—Defining Public Opinion

OBJ: Define public opinion and identify broad types of values and beliefs Americans have about politics

MSC: Remembering


44. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Easy

REF: CH06—How We Form Political Opinions

OBJ: Explain the major forces that shape specific individual opinions

MSC: Remembering


45. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate

REF: CH06—How We Form Political Opinions

OBJ: Explain the major forces that shape specific individual opinions

MSC: Remembering


46. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate

REF: CH06—How We Form Political Opinions

OBJ: Explain the major forces that shape specific individual opinions

MSC: Applying


47. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate

REF: CH06—Public Opinion and Government Policy

OBJ: Analyze how public opinion shapes government policy and influences elected officials

MSC: Understanding


48. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH06—Measuring Public Opinion

OBJ: Describe basic survey methods and other techniques researchers use to measure public opinion

MSC: Remembering


49. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH06—Measuring Public Opinion

OBJ: Describe basic survey methods and other techniques researchers use to measure public opinion

MSC: Remembering


50. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Easy

REF: CH07—The Media in American Democracy

OBJ: Describe the key roles the media plays in American political life

MSC: Remembering


51. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH07—The Media Today

OBJ: Discuss how digital media has transformed how Americans get political information

MSC: Remembering


52. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH07—The Media Today

OBJ: Discuss how digital media has transformed how Americans get political information

MSC: Remembering


53. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH08—Who Participates?

OBJ: Describe the patterns of participation among major demographic groups

MSC: Remembering


54. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH08—Who Participates?

OBJ: Describe the patterns of participation among major demographic groups

MSC: Remembering


55. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH08—Who Participates?

OBJ: Describe the patterns of participation among major demographic groups

MSC: Remembering


56. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate

REF: CH08—State Electoral Laws and Participation

OBJ: Explain the effect of electoral laws on voting MSC: Remembering


57. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH09—What Are Political Parties?

OBJ: Define political parties and their functions in politics MSC: Remembering


58. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH09—What Are Political Parties?

OBJ: Define political parties and their functions in politics MSC: Understanding


59. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate

REF: CH09—Parties, Voter Mobilization, and Elections

OBJ: Explain the roles that parties play in elections MSC: Understanding


60. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate

REF: CH09—Parties, Voter Mobilization, and Elections

OBJ: Explain the roles that parties play in elections MSC: Remembering


61. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH09—Parties as Organizations

OBJ: Describe how the major American parties are structured at the national, state, and local levels

MSC: Remembering


62. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH09—Parties as Organizations

OBJ: Describe how the major American parties are structured at the national, state, and local levels

MSC: Remembering


63. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH09—Party Identification

OBJ: Identify the reasons for and sources of party identification

MSC: Remembering


64. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH09—Party Systems

OBJ: Describe how the party system in the United States has changed over time and its main features today       

MSC: Remembering


65. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH10—Elections in America

OBJ: Describe the major rules and procedures of elections in the United States

MSC: Remembering


66. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH10—Elections in America

OBJ: Describe the major rules and procedures of elections in the United States

MSC: Remembering


67. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH10—Elections in America

OBJ: Describe the major rules and procedures of elections in the United States

MSC: Applying


68. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH10—Elections in America

OBJ: Describe the major rules and procedures of elections in the United States

MSC: Remembering


69. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH10—Elections in America

OBJ: Describe the major rules and procedures of elections in the United States

MSC: Remembering


70. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH10—Election Campaigns

OBJ: Explain how campaigns are typically conducted MSC: Remembering


71. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH10—How Voters Decide

OBJ: Identify the major factors that influence voters' decisions

MSC: Understanding


72. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH11—Interest Group Strategies

OBJ: Explain how interest groups try to influence government and policy

MSC: Remembering


73. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH11—Interest Group Strategies

OBJ: Explain how interest groups try to influence government and policy

MSC: Understanding


74. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Easy

REF: CH12—Congress: Representing the American People

OBJ: Describe who serves in Congress and how they represent their constituents

MSC: Remembering


75. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate

REF: CH12—Congress: Representing the American People

OBJ: Describe who serves in Congress and how they represent their constituents

MSC: Remembering


76. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate

REF: CH12—Beyond Legislation: Other Congressional Powers

OBJ: Describe Congress's influence over other branches of government

MSC: Remembering


77. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate

REF: CH13—The Constitutional Powers of the Presidency

OBJ: Understand the expressed, delegated, and inherent powers of the presidency

MSC: Remembering


78. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate

REF: CH13—The Constitutional Powers of the Presidency

OBJ: Understand the expressed, delegated, and inherent powers of the presidency

MSC: Remembering


79. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate

REF: CH13—The Constitutional Powers of the Presidency

OBJ: Understand the expressed, delegated, and inherent powers of the presidency

MSC: Understanding


80. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate

REF: CH13—The Presidency as an Institution

OBJ: Identify the institutional resources presidents have to help them exercise their powers

MSC: Remembering


81. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate

REF: CH13—The Contemporary Bases of Presidential Power

OBJ: Explain how modern presidents have become even more powerful

MSC: Remembering


82. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate

REF: CH13—The Contemporary Bases of Presidential Power

OBJ: Explain how modern presidents have become even more powerful

MSC: Remembering


83. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH15—The Legal System

OBJ: Identify the general types of cases and types of courts in our legal system

MSC: Remembering


84. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Easy

REF: CH15—The Power of the Supreme Court: Judicial Review

OBJ: Explain how the Supreme Court exercises the power of judicial review

MSC: Remembering


85. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Easy

REF: CH16—The Goals of Economic Policy

OBJ: Identify the broad reasons government gets involved in the economy

MSC: Remembering


86. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate

REF: CH16—The Goals of Economic Policy

OBJ: Identify the broad reasons government gets involved in the economy

MSC: Remembering


87. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate

REF: CH16—The Politics of Economic Policy Making

OBJ: Explore why economic policy is often controversial MSC: Understanding


88. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate

REF: CH16—The Tools of Economic Policy

OBJ: Describe how the government uses monetary, fiscal, and regulatory policies to influence the economy

MSC: Remembering


89. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate

REF: CH16—The Tools of Economic Policy

OBJ: Describe how the government uses monetary, fiscal, and regulatory policies to influence the economy

MSC: Understanding


90. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH17—The Welfare State

OBJ: Trace the history of government programs designed to promote economic security

MSC: Understanding


91. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH17—The Welfare State

OBJ: Trace the history of government programs designed to promote economic security

MSC: Remembering


92. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: CH17—The Welfare State

OBJ: Trace the history of government programs designed to promote economic security

MSC: Understanding


93. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Easy

REF: CH18—The Goals of Foreign Policy

OBJ: Explain how foreign policy is designed to promote security, prosperity, and humanitarian goals

MSC: Remembering


94. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Easy

REF: CH18—The Goals of Foreign Policy

OBJ: Explain how foreign policy is designed to promote security, prosperity, and humanitarian goals

MSC: Remembering


95. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate

REF: CH18—The Goals of Foreign Policy

OBJ: Explain how foreign policy is designed to promote security, prosperity, and humanitarian goals

MSC: Understanding


96. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate

REF: CH18—The Goals of Foreign Policy

OBJ: Explain how foreign policy is designed to promote security, prosperity, and humanitarian goals

MSC: Remembering


97. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Easy

REF: CH18—The Instruments of Modern American Foreign Policy

OBJ: Describe the means the United States uses to carry out foreign policy today

MSC: Remembering


98. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate

REF: CH18—The Instruments of Modern American Foreign Policy

OBJ: Describe the means the United States uses to carry out foreign policy today

MSC: Remembering


99. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate

REF: CH18—The Instruments of Modern American Foreign Policy

OBJ: Describe the means the United States uses to carry out foreign policy today

MSC: Understanding


100. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate

REF: CH18—The Instruments of Modern American Foreign Policy

OBJ: Identify the major players in foreign-policy making, and describe their roles

MSC: Remembering

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