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The question is whether a statute authorizing such proceedings in restraint of publication is consistent with the conception of the liberty of the press as historically conceived and guaranteed. In determining the extent of the constitutional protection, it has been generally, if not universally, considered that it is the chief purpose of the guaranty to prevent previous restraints upon publication. The struggle in England, directed against the legislative power of the licenser, resulted in renunciation of the censorship of the press. The liberty deemed to be established was thus described by Blackstone:

The liberty of the press is indeed essential to the nature of a free state; but this consists in laying no previous restraints upon publications, and not in freedom from censure for criminal matter when published. Every freeman has an undoubted right to lay what sentiments he pleases before the public; to forbid this is to destroy the freedom of the press; but if he publishes what is improper, mischievous or illegal, he must take the consequence of his own temerity.

—From Near v. Minnesota (1931)

The Supreme Court Case of Near v. Minnesota (1931) compares to New York Times Company v. United States (1971) on what constitutional issue in regard to freedom of the press? (4 points)

AClear and present danger must be present in cases of censorship.
BLibel can be prosecuted in criminal court and in civil court.
CPrepublication censorship is not allowed in most circumstances.
DStates can limit freedom of the press if it attacks public officials.

 

 

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American Opinion on Monitoring Individuals by Group % of U.S. adults who say it is acceptable or unacceptable for the American government to monitor communications from... Acceptable Unacceptable American citizens 40% 57% Citizens of other countries 54% 44% American leaders 60% 38% Leaders of other countries 60% 37% Terrorism suspects 82% 15% Source: Pew Research Center SurveyAmerican Opinion on Monitoring Individuals by Group % of U.S. adults who say it is acceptable or unacceptable for the American government to monitor communications from... Acceptable Unacceptable American citizens 40% 57% Citizens of other countries 54% 44% American leaders 60% 38% Leaders of other countries 60% 37% Terrorism suspects 82% 15% Source: Pew Research Center Survey

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What statement about the Fourth Amendment rights of terrorism suspects is supported by the information in the chart? (4 points)

APrivacy rights of terrorism suspects should be preserved at all costs.
BPrivacy rights of terrorism suspects should be limited.
CPrivacy rights of terrorism suspects are equally important as the privacy rights of foreign citizens.
DPrivacy rights of terrorism suspects should be more important than the privacy rights of U.S. citizens.

 

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Selective Incorporation 12 Number of Cases ONDOOO 30 50 80 91-1900 11-1920 -1960 1901-1910 21-1 1931-1940 941-1 1961-1970 71-1 991-2000 1981-1990 1951 - 1 2001-2010 18 Amendment I (Full) Amendment V (Partial) Amendment II (Full) Amendment VI (Partial) Amendment III (None) Amendment VII (None) Amendment IV (Full) Amendment VIll (Partial)

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Which statement demonstrates the Supreme Court's implementation of selective incorporation? (4 points)

AThe Supreme Court has mostly focused on First Amendment freedoms.
BThe majority of Supreme Court cases have focused on defendant rights in criminal proceedings.
CThe Supreme Court focused heavily on cases involving civil protections, such as discrimination.
DThe majority of Supreme Court cases have focused on protection from warrantless search and seizures.

 

 

Discrimination based on gender became illegal under Title IX of the Civil Rights Act Amendments. An individual who was denied access to a sports program based on their gender decides to sue and the case reaches the Supreme Court. The court sides with the individual.

Which Constitutional provision supports this ruling? (4 points)

AFirst Amendment
BEqual Protection Clause
CNecessary and Proper Clause
DFourth Amendment


What conclusion can be drawn about the Supreme Court and affirmative action judgements? (4 points)

AThe Supreme Court has balanced the rights of minority groups via affirmative action programs.
BAffirmative action programs are not always protected by the Fourteenth Amendment.
CAffirmative action is required to uphold the Equal Protection Clause.
DPrograms using affirmative action should not be allowed.

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