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In the 1980s, at the height of the Cold War, advanced technology was acquired from U.S.

universities and the U.S. government national laboratories by adversarial nations.



Even today, exposure to diseases my military service members affects morbidity and mortality, which then impacts overall military readiness.



When which of the following emerged in 2003, and a coronavirus was identified as the causative agent, scientific expertise regarding this relatively obscure virus was ready and available because of long-term funding by the National Institutes of Health (NIH)?



.Zika virus


The core functions of which of the following need to be supplemented by specialized training, procedures, laws, regulations, and planning, so that all relevant sectors can operate effectively and in a coordinated fashion during a crisis or public health emergency?

Homeland security

Homeland defense

Emergency management

Public health preparedness

What branch of the Logistics Section of the Incident Command System structure can move resources from one area to another, as well as maintain the response vehicles?

a.Service Branch

b.Support Branch

c.Ground Support Branch

d.Technical Assistance Branch

The Incident Command System (ICS) is a standardized approach to incident management that:

a.Allows for the integration of resources (such as facilities, equipment, personnel) within a common organizational structure.

b.Can be used not only for emergencies, but also for planned events.

c.Enables a coordinated response among various jurisdictions and agencies.

d.Establishes common processes for incident-level planning and resource management.

e.All of the above.

Which of the following refers to the military use of a biological agent to cause death or harm to humans, animals, or plants?



 c.Biological warfare

 d.Biological combustion

  1. Due to important scientific, technological, and organizational accomplishments, most countries have achieved international core competencies for health security.



The intentional or accidental release of a chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear agent would be classified as which of the following?

a.Public health crisis

b.Public health outbreak

c.Public health disaster

d.Public health emergency

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), which of the following refers to the activities that are necessary to "minimize vulnerability to acute public health events that endanger the collective health of populations"?

 a.Health security

b.Health emergency

c.Disease surveillance

d.Emergency preparedness

What type of weapon, if released, would instantly destroy people, buildings, and anything else in the vicinity?

a.Chemical weapons

b.Biological weapons

c.Radiological weapons

d.Nuclear weapons

Which of the following is the basis for all of the preparedness cycle activities?

 a.The plan

 b.Organization of the responders

 c.Performing training exercises

d.Disseminating the plan

Which of the following is NOT TRUE about disasters and pregnant women?

a.Pregnant women are classified as populations with special clinical needs.

b.After a disaster, pregnant women may experience physical problems that impact pregnancy outcomes such as hypertension.

c.Hurricane exposure has not been associated with the occurrence of low birth weight and preterm birth.

d.Following a disaster, pregnant women may report an increase in stress and separation from loved ones.

e.After a disaster, pregnant women are likely to have decreased access to health care and medicines.

The purpose of the Freedmen's Bureau, which was located in the War Department and only existed for 7 years, was to assist in disaster relief.

  1. True
  2. False

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and prevention (CDC), specifically supports research into the basic biology and pathogenesis of threat agents, many of which are not well understood.

  1. True
  2. False

Most Category A biological threats are waterborne or foodborne.

  1. True
  2. False

Although the prospect of bioterrorism has raised legitimate concern about the potential abuse of published information, research in the very same fields will be crucial to society in meeting the challenges of defense.

  1. True
  2. False

The process of human drug and vaccine development typically takes a decade, which is too long to combat an emerging threat that may occur without warning and spread rapidly.

  1. True
  2. False

Within the Incident Command System structure, in which section would subject matter experts that can provide information and technical assistance be assigned as needed?

 a.Operations Section

b.Planning Section

c.Logistics Section

 d.Administrative/Finance Sectio

The health of a population, which can be affected by human behavior, disease, and natural and manmade threats, directly impacts the security of a nation.

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