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The Mughal period in India was an important phase in the development of the region at that time. The empire was divided into administrative regions that were further divided into smaller districts and subdistricts. The society at that time was progressive because of the large economy and well-developed infrastructure (Richards, 1995). The society was divided into classes; that is the ruling class and the peasants, alongside, the peasants were the main source of labor and since Mughal empire was among the richest the wages was substantial. In order to satisfy their luxurious lifestyle, the ruling class exploited the lower classes and they held the majority of the wealth. Aside from the labor, there is evidence to suggest that slave labor was used during the period.
The population growth was accelerated during this period which is attributed to the good living standards and availability of food from the agrarian reforms instituted by the reign. In addition, urbanization was booming during the period due to the industrialization as a significant part of the population lived in urban centers and provided labor while the rest of the population stayed in rural areas working on the agricultural production (Habib, 1982).
Additionally, the society was largely influenced by the Islamic culture and education was centered along Islamic and the Quran law. The Islamic schools were strategically located in different provinces so a majority of children had access and it was taught in indigenous languages. However, the society was male-dominated as a result female education was not given a priority.
The Mughal period in India had a lot of advantages than the disadvantages. However,... View the full answer