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QUESTION 1 28-11: The Warran Report on Kennedy's assassination concluced that it:was the result of a right-wing conspiracy financed by major oil...


  1. 28-11:

  2. The Warran Report on Kennedy's assassination concluced that it:
  3. a.was the result of a right-wing conspiracy financed by major oil corporationsb.carried out by Lee Harvey Oswald, who acted impossible to determine by whom or why he was killedd.was the work of Soviet saboteurs

1.66 points  


  1. 28-5:

  2. In reply to the Soviet Premier's proposal during the Cuban Missle Crisis, President Kennedy:
  3. a.agreed not to invade Cuba and to remove American missiles from Turkey within one monthb.agreed to meet the Premier, and asked for a telephone "hot line"c.publicaly agreed to immediately remove U.S. missiles from Turkeyd.agreed not to attack Cuba, if the USSR removed the Cuban missiles

1.66 points  


  1. 27-25:

  2. When United States armed forces fought in the Korean conflict, it meant that:
  3. a.North Korea had to fight a total war to win a military victoryb.China would have to enter the war to support its Korean allyc.the United Nations had mandated Korean unificationd.America's policy of containment now included defending Asia aginst Communist expansion

1.66 points  


  1. 29-30:

  2. Despite criticisms of this initiatives in foreign affairs, Prsident Carter achieved the 1979 Camp David accord, which was followed quickly by
  3. a.Palestinian control of Jerusalemb.the creation of an independent Palestinian statec.the intifadad.a peace treaty between Israel and Egypt

1.66 points  


  1. 26-9:

  2. President Roosevelt's Good Neighbor Policy was designed to:
  3. a.reduce the flow of drugs into the United States from Mexicob.create- an anti-Communist bloc in North and South created better relations between Latin America and the United Statesd.allow the United States to intervene in Cuban affairs

1.66 points  


  1. 26-8:

  2. The Nye Committee concluded that:
  3. a.munitions makers had ecouraged American involvement in World War Ib.the United States should formally protest Hitler's invasion of was more important than ever for the United States to back the League of Nationsd.Americans were too inclined towards interventionism, so the government should spread anti-war propganda

1.66 points  


  1. 24-15:

  2. Prohibition:
  3. a.added millions of dollars in revenue to the United States Treasuryb.discouraged the growth of lawbreaking and organized crimec.helped emphasize deep cultural divisions in American societyd.ended the production of "moonshine" and other homegrown American forms of alcohol

1.66 points  


  1. 24-21:

  2. Marcus Garvey advised black people to:
  3. a.organize themselves politically, register to vote, and support black candidatesb.try to assimilate into white American society as immigrant groups had previously donec.succeed in business, since that was the best way to gain power in Americad.return to Africa and build a new empire worthy of black potential

1.66 points  


  1. 28-8:

  2. The "I Have a Dream" speech by Reverand Martin Luther King, Jr. helped:
  3. a.persuade President Kennedy to propose a new civil rights lawb.break a filibuster by southern Democrats against a civil rights public support for passage of a civil rights law in 1964d.Dixiecrats portray civil rights as a fringe issue

1.66 points  


  1. 26-23:

  2. World War II affected the United States economy by:
  3. a.greatly reducing unemployment and restoring prosperityb.creating runaway inflationc.allowing great porsperity combined with major inflationd.reducing per captia income

1.66 points  


  1. 26-3:

  2. Friction existed between Japan and the United States because of all EXCEPT
  3. a.the segregation of Japanese school children by the San Francisco Board of Educationb.negative stories about the "yellow peril" in the Hearst pressc.Unisted States support of Korea during the Korean-Japanese Ward.Japan's occupation of Manchria and the U.S. response

1.66 points  


  1. 28-30:

  2. In the election of 1968, Republican Richard M. Nixon
  3. a.won by a landslide, beating Hubert Humphrey everhwere but Massachusetts and Minnesotab.almost lost to Hubert Humphrey, who made several political blunders near the end of the campaignc.won in a three-way election, partly due to voter outrage against social excesses of the the time

1.66 points  


  1. 26-26:

  2. The Nazi campaign to destroy the Jews of Europe during World War II is called:
  3. a.the Holocaustb.the Great Betrayalc.the Firestormd.the Big Lie

1.66 points  


  1. 27-28:

  2. President Truman contributed to the postwar Red Scare by:
  3. a.supplying the House Committee on Un-american Activities with names of suspected Communistsb.supporting and signing the McCarran Internal Security Actc.publicly identifying a group of Communists in the State Departmentd.establishing a program to remove "disloyal" federal employees

1.66 points  


  1. 26-6:

  2. In March 1936, to begin Germany's military conquests, Adolph Hitler ordered:
  3. a.German troops into neighboring Austria, which had a weak armyb.Mussolini to conquer Ethopia, which would divert attention from Germanyc.the occupation of Spaind.German troops into the Rhineland, and Germany formed the Rome-Berlin Axis later that year.

1.66 points  


  1. 29-19:

  2. During the 1970s, the number of Hispanic Americans:
  3. a.increased more than 60% between 1970 and 1980b.remained level before 1980, but increased spectacularly afterwardc.grew slightly, and they were almost all undocumentedd.increased by about one-fourth in population and in average income

1.66 points  


  1. 25-21:

  2. The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC):
  3. a.hired the unemployed to clearn the city streets and sweep the parksb.organized volunteers to help city doctors and nurses in hospitals emergency roomsc.hired unemployed young men to improve public lands and national forestsd.encouraged civilians to donate their cars and motor vehicles to the armed services, to reduce the nation's fuel usage and to save money for the military

1.66 points  


  1. 29-1:

  2. President Nixon's complex personality can best be described as:
  3. a.usually outgoing and friendly, but also frank and forthrightb.sometimes generous and kind, usually forgiving, but often sternc.nonpartisan and scrupulously fair, but often inapproriately generousd.sometimes self-pitying and vindictive, sometime generous and idealistic.

1.66 points  


  1. 29-16:

  2. While President Nixon as having trouble in 1973 with the Watergate scandal, Vice President Agnew was:
  3. a.forced to resign after being accused of acts like accepting bribes when he was Maryland's governorb.embarrassed by revelations that several of his public speeches were based on liesc.asked to resign after it was revealed that he solicited sexual favors while in officed.voted Time's magazine's Man of the Year."

1.66 points  


  1. 25-17:

  2. On March 5. 1933, President Rooselvelt decalared a four-day bank "holiday," which turned out to be:
  3. ineffective way of the banks to bebuild confidenceb.a shrewed way to make it appear that most banks were soundc.the first step in a three-month virtual war on the despair and defeatism of the Depressiond.unconstitutional

1.66 points  


  1. 29-23:

  2. "Pro Choice" advocates liked the Supreme Court's Roe v. Wade decision, which said that abortion:
  3. a.was legal during the first three months of a pregnancyb.was legal throughout the first seven months of a pregnancyc.was illegal for any pregnancy, except those casued by rape or incestd.was legal for all unmarried women, and for married women with their husband's approval

1.66 points  


  1. 28-7:

  2. The difference between the Eisenhower and Kennedy policies to contain communist threats in Southeast Asia was that JFK:
  3. a.refused to send combat troops or Special Forcesb.spent of five times as much as his predecessorc.ecouraged Vietnamese peasants to hold a referendum to choose their leadersd.dispatched Special Forces troops to give assistance

1.66 points  


  1. 28-3:

  2. The Bay of Pigs confrontation early in John F. Kennedy's presidency involved:
  3. a.the challenge to the Soviet Union over its aid to Nicaraguab.a failed invasion of Castro's Cuba sponsored by the United American attempt to topple the Batista regime in Cubad.finding alternative routes for bringing supplies to West Berlin

1.66 points  


  1. 28-2:

  2. In foreign affairs John F. Kennedy was critical of Eisenhower's policies. When he became President, Kennedy:
  3. a.adopted a "flexible response" to be prepared for conventional and guerrilla warsb.relied on "massive retaliation," but his advisers did not use that John Foster Dulles phrasec.decided to increase the reliance on missiles, strageic bombers, and nuclear weaponsd.cut back on the general military build-up, to spend more money on domestic programs

1.66 points  


  1. 24-29:

  2. The battle between conservative fundamentalists and liberal modernists was on display in the Scopes Trial, which involved:
  3. a.the teaching of Darwin's theory of evolution in a Tennessee high schoolb.the inciting of a major race riot in anarchist accused of sending bombs through the attack on freedom of religion

1.66 points  


  1. 27-7:

  2. The 1947 Taft-Hartley Act, which passed over President Truman's veto, was a law that:
  3. a.gave labor unions important new rights, adding to those of the 1935 Wagner Actb.made no real difference in the economic power of big unionsc.attempted to restrain the power of unions, and labor unions backed Truman politicallyd.desegregated the armed forces

1.66 points  


  1. 25-11:

  2. Even though he understaood the need for using federal funds on public works, President Hoover:
  3. a.proposed that over $1 billion be spent on direct reliefb.was reluctant to use federal funds to relieve human miseryc.refused to use the federal government's power to stimulate the economyd.was opposed by Congress in his efforts to initiate deficit spending

1.66 points  


  1. 25-25:

  2. The National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act):
  3. a.created the National Labor Relations Board to supervise worker elections for collective bargainingb.had more favorable provisions for management than for laborc.created the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO)d.granted to Congress the power to end strikes that threatened national security

1.66 points  


  1. 28-23:

  2. "Hippies: became the main followers of the counterculture lifestyle of the 1960s. Which is FALSE" Hippies
  3. a.showed contempt for the middle-class values of parentsb.were opposed to accumulating more material possessionsc.participated enthusiastically in college campus and national politicsd.emphasized natural things, such as flowers, in docoration and adornment

1.66 points  


  1. 29-21:

  2. Ruling on affirmative action at a University of California Medical School, the Supreme Court in the Bakke case (1975
  3. a.required that all qualified white applicants be admitted before minorities were consideredb.upheld affirmative action but rejected a rigid quota system for admissionsc.upehld the University's affirmative action plan, but disapproved of affirmative action in generald.accepted the principle of "first come, first served" in admitting students

1.66 points  


  1. 27-18:

  2. Established in 1957, the organization which served as the Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr's chief civil rights instrument was:
  3. a.the National Association for the Advancement of Colored Peopleb.the Southern Christian Leadership Conferencec.the Urban Leagued.Students for a Democratic Society

1.66 points  


  1. 28-25:

  2. The major group speaking for women became the National Organization for Women (NOW). Forrmed in 1966, NOW was:
  3. a.largely a radical group, which called for equal pay for any workb.a moderate group, which sought to achieve gains through the courts and legislaturesc.mostly a liberal group, run by lesbiansd.mostly a conservative group, and over 90% of members were housewives

1.66 points  


  1. 27-8:

  2. The 1948 presidential election:
  3. a.put the Soviet Union on notice that the United States would defend the free worldb.was a major upset vitory for President Truman over Republican Thomas Deweyc.made Republican Richard Nixon, the candidate for Vice President, a national figured.featured televised debates between Dewey and Truman

1.66 points  


  1. 24-5:

  2. The Teapot Dome scandal involved Secretary of the Interior Albert B. Fall, who:
  3. a.turned a blind eye to safety violations in consumer electrical goods in exchange for bribesb.granted immunity from antitrust legislation to certain businessmen in return for bribesc.sold supposedly surplus land and mineral rights to private business for kickbacksd.leased naval oil reserves to private business in exchange for apparent bribes

1.66 points  


  1. 27-30:

  2. In the presidential election of 1960, with Vice President Nixon opposing Democrat John F. Kennedy, the decisive event was probably
  3. a.Kennedy's claim that his Catholic religion would have no impact on his Presidencyb.Nixon's endorsement from President Eisenhower, the most popular President since FDRc.the televised debates in which Kennedy appeared more poised and articulate than Nixond.the selection of Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. as Republican vice-presidential candidate

1.66 points  


  1. 29-5:

  2. President Nixon's new policy toward Communist China was to:
  3. a.ignore it and continue to recognize Chiang Kai-shek's governmentb.resume American relations with Mainland China and end the long years of Chiang Kai-shek's Taiwan government recover control of the mainlandd.way a propaganda war against the Communist party, while opening "people-to-people" exchanges between working-class citizens of the U.S. and the People's Republic of China

1.66 points  


  1. 26-12:

  2. The America First Committee
  3. a.admitted only members whose ancestors had fought in the American Revolutionb.insisted the United Sates must help Britain and France to protect its own interestsc.was made up of isolationists who wanted America to stay out of the European ward.was made up of communists who believed that war would accelearate the workers' revolution

1.66 points  


  1. 26-19:

  2. Althought it was not a strong law, the Civil Rights Act of 1957 created a Civil Rights Division in the Justice Department. The law also:
  3. a.privided for a six-member Civil Rights Commission to investigate complaints about voting rightsb.established special federal courts to punish civil rights violationsc.permitted literacy tests as a voting requirementd.abolished the southern poll tax as a voting requirement

1.66 points  


  1. 27-1:

  2. In the 1950 book The Lonely Crowd, David Riesman, Reuel Denney, and nathan Glazer concluded that most Americans:
  3. a.were "inner-directed" with a good sense of personal directionb.were "other-directed," depending on others to determine what to say and doc.were socially aware of problems such as nuelar war and povertyd.were uninformed about problems such as nuclear war and poverty

1.66 points  


  1. 24-10:

  2. The book The Man Nobody Knows:
  3. a.was a postwar biography of Woodrow Wilsonb.covered Henry Ford's building of the Model-Tc.described Jesus as a first-rate busninessmand.described Calvin Coolidge as a first-rate businessman

1.66 points  


  1. 29-11:

  2. Nixon and his advisors believe that the "silent"majority" believe in all of the following values EXCEPT which one?
  3. a.sophisticationb.traditionc.patriotismd.honesty and hard work

1.66 points  


  1. 27-3:

  2. Americans for Democratic Action (ADA), an organization founded in 1947, was dedicated to:
  3. a.affirmative action in civil justice and a larger welfare statec.reorganizing the Supreme Courtd.environmental cleanup

1.66 points  


  1. 24-22:

  2. After women gained the vote in 1920, many females
  3. a.began to retreat from further invovement in challenges to the status quob.began demanding that women be treated as adult individualsc.retreated to traditional roles and behaviorsd.demanded that Congress pass an Equal Rights Amendment

1.66 points  


  1. 24-8:

  2. The most important structural change in the economy during the 1920's was:
  3. a.most people relied heavily on credit for purchases, because their incomes had declinedb.a majority of farmers saw their incomes double over what they earned before World War Ic.many people had discretionary income available to spend on various goods and servicesd.consumers bought only durable goods, because they knew good times would not last

1.66 points  


  1. 29-7:

  2. The demonstrations at Kent State that ended in the deaths of four students was a response to:
  3. a.Vice President Spiro Agnew's contemptuous remarks about unpatriotic college studentsb.the Nixon administration's new policy of Universal Military Trainingc.Nixon's presidential order sending American troops into Cambodiad.the My Lai massacre

1.66 points  


  1. 26-14:

  2. The Lend-Lease Act of March 1941 authorized:
  3. a.lending British naval bases to the United Statesb."lending" U.S. volunteers to any army they wanted to joinc.lending destroyers to England for the duration of the ward.lending military equipment to nations the President deemed vital to America's defenses

1.66 points  


  1. 28-18:

  2. Beginning during the 1970's, a new factor in the social makeup of the black community was:
  3. a.a very large and prosperous class of businessmenb.the appearance faor the first time of a criminal element in the ghettoc.growth, only among blacks, of single-parent, female-headed familiesd.a two-tier social strcuture, including a persistent underclass

1.66 points  


  1. 27-13:

  2. Following World War II, families wanted to buy whatever, consumer durables they could afford. Which was the most popular consumer product in the postwar years?
  3. a.washing machinesb.garbage disposalsc.radiosd.television sets

1.66 points  


  1. 27-22:

  2. Launched in June 1947, the Marshall Plan sought to:
  3. economic recovery in postwar Western Europe in order to prevent Soviet Chiang Kai-shek maintian his regime on the mainland of Chinac.prevent totalitarian regimes from taking over in Latin America after 1947d.delay independence movements in Africa

1.66 points  


  1. 24-12:

  2. All these industries or economic sectors remained depressed during the otherwise prosperous 1920s EXCEPT
  3. a.constructionb.cotton textile manufacturingc.railroadsd.agriculture

1.66 points  


  1. 29-12:

  2. Instead of reversity LBJ's liberal Great Society, President Nixon signed into law the Supplementary Security Income Act, a law
  3. a.gave Indian tribes possession of lost lands and guranteed annual incomeb.provided a much higher income to all qualified welfare recipientsc.doubled the minimum pension for alll veterans and their survivorsd.paid a monthy benefit to elderly, blind, and disabled Americans no on Social Security

1.66 points  


  1. 27-23:

  2. Organized in 1949, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was:
  3. a.a vehicle to speed economic aid to Europe under various American programsb.a military alliance of the United States with Western Europe to check Soviet extension of the Marshall Plan to the Scandinavian extension of United Nations' Charter emphasizing the North Atlantic region

1.66 points  


  1. 28-12:

  2. The American economy during the 1960s:
  3. a.expanded more slowly than the economy during the 1950sb.experienced the longest sustained growth in history, with incomes increasing almost 50%c.was marked by great swings of prosperity and recessiond.grew substantially, though the gap between rich and poor also grew substantially.

1.66 points  


  1. 27-16:

  2. After World War II, and especially after 1950, many married women went to work because of:
  3. a.high male unemployment, especially in heavy industryb.a desire for personal fulfillment, which a later generation called liberationc.the need to supplement the family's income and maintain improved living standardsd.the low birth rate

1.66 points  


  1. 26-19:

  2. Beginning in early 1942, the federal government's "detention centers" held:
  3. a.many German-American citizens, mainly because of threats of spyingb.mostly spies of several Axis countries, to protect American securityc.many Japanese-American citizens, victims of fear and prejudiced.most American Communists, and some other radicals

1.66 points  


  1. 25-6:

  2. While the human cost of the Depression was high for many people, it is also true that:
  3. a.many people suffered from hunger but few starvedb.suffering from hunger was widspread, and more than 20,000 people starvedc.doctors saw as many cases of malnutrition, but people covered up the starvation deaths of relativesd.many other Americans were completely unaffected by the Depression

1.66 points  


  1. 26-28:

  2. At Yalta in February 1945, the Bristish, Americans, and Russians agreed on all of the following EXCEPT which one?
  3. a.draw up a new United Nations organization at San Franciscob.eliminate authoritarian governments from every place where they still survivedc.establish four occupation zones in Germanyd.recognize the Lublin government as the official government of Poland

1.66 points  


  1. 28-1:

  2. The yoyful and exuberant early Kennedy White House atmosphere has been likened to:
  3. a.Paradise Lost, from the famous novelb.Camelot, the legend of King Authur's Courtc.Shangri-La, the ideal utopian societyd.Star Wars

1.66 points  


  1. 26-29:

  2. President Truman, after learning of the availability of an atomic bomb, decided to use the weapon against Japan because
  3. a.most of his advisers believed it would work, regardless of the consequencesb.a majority of public opinion backed the bomb in hopes of ending the war soonerc.he believed it would avoid the huge casualties which would result from an invasiond.the Manhattan Project scientists unanimously encouraged its use

1.66 points  


  1. 25-2:

  2. Why did the booming American economy begin to slow down by 1927 or 1928?
  3. a.the stock market experienced a "big slide" before the "great crash"b.the federal government cut back on spending for roads and military equipmentc.the market for consumer durable goods became largely satisfiedd.foreign speculation in the stock market destablized Wall Street

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