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US History I just need to double check answers and some are blank which are the ones that i don't know.Thanks!

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1. How did monopolies contribute to the economic challenges that farmers faced in  the United States in the late 19th century?    a. Independent farmers were forced to sell their farms when they could not  compete with the output of large, commercial farms. b. Farmers were dependent on industries where high prices were set by companies that had no competition. c. Monopolies were exempt from legislation that was intended to regulate  business practices. d. Farmers' options for purchasing seed, livestock, and farm equipment were severely limited when smaller companies were absorbed by industry  giants. 2.  The populist movement arose in the late 19th century in response to problems  faced by which of these groups?    a. farmers b. urban dwellers c. industrial workers d. women 3.  Which statement explains why maintaining the gold standard had a negative  impact on American farmers in the late 19th century?    a. It made purchasing government-owned land increasingly expensive. b. It decreased the amount of money that banks could loan to farmers. c. —It restricted the size of the money supply, which kept crop prices from  rising. d. It slowed economic growth, which reduced manufacturers' demands for  cotton. 4.  Immigrants from which of the following countries would have faced the greatest  restrictions during the late 19th century and early 20th century?    a. Ireland b. —— China c. Mexico d. Russia
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5.  The diagram below is a schematic view of the Bessemer converter, invented in  1855: Public Domain Which sentence describes the way in which this object was used?    a. Water is pumped into the chamber to convert sand and stone to concrete. b. Air is blown into the chamber to convert pig iron to steel. c. Oil is circulated around the chamber and converted into gasoline. d. Wood is placed in the chamber and converted to charcoal. 6.  The quote below was written by a prominent figure in 1889: "While the law [of competition] may be sometimes hard for the individual, it is best for  the race, because it insures the survival of the fittest in every department. We accept  and welcome, therefore, as conditions to which we must accommodate ourselves, great inequality of environment, the concentration of business, industrial and commercial, in  the hands of a few, and the law of competition between these, as being not only  beneficial, but essential for the future progress of the race." Which philosophy is represented by this quote?    a. Social Darwinism b. radical nativism c. socialism d. populism 7.  Which of these decreased during the Second Industrial Revolution?    a. access to raw materials b. urban population c. imported goods
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