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Trace the lines of religious arguments (within the Christian context) made by the abolitionists and by those who wished the institution of slavery to continue, also what legal arguments were employed? 

The views of Christianity on slavery over the years have been a matter subject to discussion regionally and historically. Slavery in different notions has been executed as a part of the social environment in the eyes of Christianity history in over 18 centuries. In early years of Christian history, slavery was considered a normal feature of economic impact in the Roman Empire society, and continued various forms and regionals differences into the middle ages. However, ,slave masters all over yielded to support the abolishment of slavery by denouncing Africans and often declared their insurgence of white supremacy. Supporters of slavery used all notions to resist its abolishment using legal, religious, and economic arguments to defend the injustice.

In the rise of Christian abolitionism, it is notable that British begun slave trading in the late years of the sixteenth century, by 1807, over three million slaves had already been shipped to the Americas on British ships; this trade was occasionally condemned by Christians. However, late early eighteenth century Christians had acknowledged slavery as a way of life in the notion that it had a strong economic implication. For instance, Evangelist George Whitefield deplored the cruelty to slave owners in Southern America, but never denounced it in person; indeed he himself had over fifty slaves in Georgia.

Gradually, in the mid eighteenth century, there was a Christian based abolitionist movement that began taking place, it considerably begun with the Quakers, they had presumably denoted that Christians would becountercultural but they owned slaves. Moreover, the Christians had changed their notion of slave trade and were now pro abolishment, for instance, "The Trappist monk Thomas Merton (1915-1968) took an early stand on behalf of nonviolence and, with his plentiful and popular writings, served as a spiritual guide within the wider peace movement" (page, 163). As a sign of his stand on abolishment, this campaign continued until the scriptures and Christian values were incorporated in society. Additionally, the slaves were then assimilated to Christianity amongst other races, as it was diverse in thinking unlike other religions, for example today, "Christianity in America is no longer just European, African, and Hispanic but increasingly Asian as well. There are now, for example, well over 2,000 Korean Christian congregations in the United States" (page, 168)

In conclusion, Christians changed in abolishment from a period of cruelty and being part of the slave owners and started improvising notion in support of their ideas. However, their later conscience developed them to change their attitude and became the ideal abolishment campaigners this time providing the contextual detail as to why slavery was indeed and vice to Negros and society as a whole.


Reference:

1. A Nation Reborn: God in America—How Religious Liberty Shaped America. (http://fod.infobase.com.ezproxy1.lib.asu.edu/p_ViewVideo.aspx?xtid=44447)

2.The Religious History of America.(pages 162-202)


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