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NO EXPLANATION REQUIRED. JUST CHOOSE THE RIGHT OPTION.a. narcissistb. psychopathc. Machiavellian

40. How would you describe an individual who believes the ends justify the means and maintains emotional distance in situations?

d. self-monitor

e. risk-taker

 

41. Carrie was unhappy with the pay increase that she recently received. She didn't think that the dollar value was fair relative to her performance, and she was even more upset that some of her co-workers received a greater increase than she did. This is an example of

a. distributive justice.

b. procedural justice.

c. interactional justice.

d. operant justice.

e. equitable justice.

 

42. When using bonuses, managers should be mindful of

a. the amount, so that the bonus does not negatively affect the profits of the company.

b. not recognizing friends within the company.

c. the size of the bonus in relation to the event recognized.

d. potential unexpected behaviours arising when employees try to ensure they will receive bonuses.

e. very little, the bonus is just so effective.

 

43. Which of the following statements is TRUE of narcissists?

a. They feel less guilt and remorse when they harm others.

b. They alter their behaviour to reflect the external situation they are in.

c. They have poor long-term health outcomes.

d. They are low key and tend to keep emotional distance.

e. They are more likely to engage in self-promotion in social media.

 

44. A society that prefers structured situations to alleviate unpredictability experiences

a. certainty avoidance.

b. power distance.

c. gender differentiation.

d. uncertainty avoidance.

e. assertiveness.

 

45. Kirsten was happy with recent changes to her job. She now has more freedom, independence, and responsibility, as she now is able to complete all seven steps of assembly by herself. She also inspects her product to ensure it is functioning. This is an example of

a. job rotation.

b. job enrichment.

c. job security.

d. job sharing.

e. job evaluation.

 

46. Janice was in a tough spot. She was trying to meet a deadline for her boss when the leader of her cross-functional team asked her to submit some work on the same day. She knew she could not meet both deadlines. In this case, Janice was experiencing

a. role conflict.

b. role reversal.

c. role expectations.

d. role ambiguity.

e. role underload.

 

47. Generation Xers are characterized by which of the following common values?

a. belief in order and authority

b. belief in, and practice of, the Christian moral code

c. strong concern for the environment

d. flexibility and achievement of job satisfaction

e. intimidated by change

 

48. Lisa ordered in pizza for her staff that are staying late to finish month end. According to reinforcement theory this is referred to as:

a. positive reinforcement.

b. expected reinforcement.

c. extinction.

d. negative reinforcement.

e. employee reinforcement.

 

49. After which stage of a group's development is there a relatively clear hierarchy of leadership within the group?

a. norming

b. storming

c. forming

d. performing

e. goal setting

 

50. "We are most likely to become enthusiastic about what we are doing-and all else being equal, to do it well-when we are free to make decisions about the way we carry out a task." This speaks to which core job dimensions?

a. skill variety

b. encourage collaboration

c. enhance content

d. provide choice

e. autonomy

 

51. If a team leader states that no personal phone calls are allowed during working hours, this is an example of the establishment of a group

a. practice.

b. goal.

c. norm.

d. compromise.

e. design

 

52. An employee who actively helps colleagues, takes minimal breaks, and alerts others to work-related problems is

a. high in job satisfaction.

b. high in organizational citizenship behaviour.

c. high in job stability.

d. high in organizational commitment.

e. low in organizational loyalty.

 

53. Zeke was a manager who believed that, in general, people disliked work; he believed people had to be forced or threatened with punishment to motivate them to work. Zeke believes in which of the following management theories?

a. Theory Z

b. Theory X

c. Theory Y

d. Theory Q

e. Theory T

 

54. Which of the following is an example of a piece-rate plan?

a. $20 for each hour of work

b. $2 for each unit produced

c. stock options at cheaper prices

d. straight commission plan

e. spot bonuses

 

55. If employees have a negative attitude toward their jobs, they do NOT have

a. organizational commitment.

b. values.

c. job satisfaction.

d. job involvement.

e. job stability

 

56. A spontaneous and private "thank you," or a "bragging board," are examples of

a. employee recognition programs.

b. intrinsic employee reward systems.

c. union-sponsored recognition programs.

d. gainsharing and profit-sharing programs.

e. motivation theories

 

57. Standards of behaviour in groups are known as

a. sanctions.

b. norms.

c. roles.

d. goals.

e. expectations.

 

58. Job satisfaction is ____ to turnover.

a. positively related

b. unrelated

c. negatively related

d. equal in number

e. No relationship can be reasonably expressed.

 

59. When Jaden shows up to work, he becomes completely absorbed in what he is doing. Jaden puts all his energies into his job. Jaden has a

a. high level of expectancy.

b. high level of instrumentality.

c. high level of valence.

d. high level of job engagement.

e. high level of goal-setting.

 

60. Ineffective teams tend to have conflict that is

a. resolved through discussions.

b. unresolved, but team members agree to disagree.

c. focused on personalities and relationships.

d. focused on task requirements and group needs.

e. valued but not adequately processed.

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