bplist00##_##WebMainResource###### # _##WebResourceMIMEType_##WebResourceTextEncodingName_##WebResourceFrameName^WebR...
View the step-by-step solution to:


The requires at least 3 to4 pages thanks for the help I am submitting the three references Artemis Literary

Sources will be helpful for information about original/historical sources. 300 is about the Battle of Thermopylae, so try searching for that phrase — battle of thermopylae — in Artemis. You'll get several kinds of info, but the most salient is probably under "Literature criticism," which means people writing academically about literature (and media). Read through the search results carefully! Several of these search results are about 300, as it turns out 

As for your question about why the army consulted the oracle regarding the war against the Persians, I recommend two things:

  • Learn or review what oracles were used for. If you ever find yourself thinking, "I just need basic info about ___," search for it in Gale Virtual Reference Library, or GVRL. I call this Academic Wikipedia. 
    • NOTE: In GVRL, the search results are sometimes in a weird order. Scroll down the page and look for the source that would be most useful, like Ancient Greece or Encyclopedia of Religion.
  • Next, look at an actual original source, an ancient text. We mentioned that Gutenberg.org is a good place to look for old texts. 
    • First step: how do I find the right source? Look at the "Library research help folder" to see how. Then, find the text in Gutenberg. (Let me know if you have trouble finding that Herodotus text in Gutenberg.)
    • Spend some time reading through it, even though there are many thys andthous; try doing Ctrl+F to search for the word oracle in the sections you're reading. 

Last, your professor recommended looking at movie reviews. Since 300 was a recent movie, you can just google it, looking for reviews published in newspapers or reputable sites. Rotten Tomatoes might be a good source.

bplist00 ##_##WebMainResource ###### #
Background image of page 001
_##WebResourceMIMEType_##WebResourceTextEncodingName_##WebResourceFrameName^WebR esourceURL_##WebResourceDataZtext/plainUUTF- 8P_#3http://www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/2707/pg2707.txtO## <html><head></head><body><pre style="word-wrap: break-word; white-space: pre- wrap;">The Project Gutenberg EBook of The History Of Herodotus, by Herodotus This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org Title: The History Of Herodotus Volume 1(of 2) Author: Herodotus Translator: G. C. Macaulay Release Date: July, 2001 [Etext #2707] Posting Dare: December 21, 2009 Language: English *** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK THE HISTORY OF HERODOTUS *** Produced by John Bickers, Dagny, and David Widger THE HISTORY OF HERODOTUS By Herodotus Translated into English by G. C. Macaulay IN TWO VOLUMES VOLUME I. {e Herodotou diathesis en apasin epieikes, kai tois men agathois sunedomene, tois de kakois sunalgousa}.±Dion. Halic. {monos 'Erodotos 'Omerikhotatos egeneto}.±Longinus. PREPARER'S NOTE This text was prepared from an edition dated 1890, published by MacMillan and Co., London and New York. Greek text has been transliterated and marked with brackets, as in the opening citation above.
Background image of page 002
Show entire document
Background image of page 1
Background image of page 2
Show entire document
Chapter   Eight The  Campaign  o f  X e r x e s The last  three books of the  History  have  a single theme:  the  expedition of Xerxes  and its  defeat. Darius  shuffles  quickly  off the  stage. Marathon  had  angered him,  and he  planned revenge,  but first a  revolt in Egypt  and  then  his own  death interrupted  him in  mid-course.  But before he  died,  he  proclaimed  as his  heir Xerxes,  not his  eldest son, but the  child  of  Atossa,  Cyrus's  daughter, whose marriage  to  Darius lent him a  degree  of  legitimacy. Herodotus relates  a  tale—a  family legend, perhaps—that  the  exiled king  of  Sparta, Demaratus, gave Xerxes a  debating point  to  support  his  case for the  throne,  but it was apocryphal, for  Xerxes had been designated crown prince  and  viceroy of Babylon long before Demaratus came  to Persia, 1  and  what Darius did in the  year before  he  died  was to  proclaim Xerxes king, thereby nipping  in the bud any  dispute over  the  succession. Darius died  in November, 486,  and  Xerxes ruled  on  alone until  his  murder  in 465 B.C. The Mission  of  Xerxes The character  of  Xerxes had  already taken shape  in Greek literature by the  time Herodotus wrote.  He was a  feckless prince,  in  sharp contrast to his  father,  and an  archetypal Oriental despot, generous  at one moment  and  vengeful  the next, but  always unable  to recognize the limits to his  power.  Herodotus thought  his  throne name meant "warrior"  (in  fact,  it  means something  like  "hero  among rulers")  but the Xerxes  of the   History/is  more  of a  tragic king  who is  humbled  in the midst  of his  pride. 2 Herodotus tells  how  Xerxes resolved  to  invade  Greece.  At first he was reluctant,  but his  cousin Mardonius  was a  "hawk,"  and he was seconded by the  Pisistratids  from  Athens,  and the  Aleuads, whom 99
Background image of page 01
100 HERODOTUS Herodotus (7.6.2)  denominates "kings  of  Thessaly,"  and he was eventually  persuaded. First,  he  summoned  a  council  of  nobles  to announce  his intentions  and learn their opinions.  He told them that  he was not  introducing  any new  nomos  (the  word means both "custom" and "law")  but  obeying one he had  inherited,  for  conquest had always been a  Persian custom,  and  Heaven approved  of it. He  could not be outdone by his  predecessors; he,  too,  had to add to  Persian power. Then he  announced  the  expedition,  and the  reasons for it. One was vengeance, which  is a  leitmotiv  of the   History,  but the  second  was vainglorious  imperialism: Xerxes would make  his empire coterminous with Heaven.  Yet, the reference  to the Persian  nomos  of e x p a n s i o n i s m must strike  the reader with peculiar force. Imperialism,  for Herodotus, was a  custom—unlike  Thucydides,  who saw it a  natural  state—and this custom, which  the  Persians  had  adopted,  had  made them great since the time  of Cyrus. Then the  debate began. Mardonius spoke  for the  expedition,  and made a speech of the  sort  an  intelligent Greek might have made  if he were a Persian imperialist. Persia' s power was so vast that Xerxes need expect no  resistance.  In  addition,  the  Greeks were disunited  and unskilled  in  war.  " S i n c e  they have  the same tongue, they ought  to use heralds and  messengers  or any  other  means  to  settle their disputes rather  than  righting"  (7.9./S.2).  The  criticism  was meant  for Herodo- tus's  contemporaries,  and it was a  palpable h i t. Then Xerxes' uncle, Artabanus, took  up the  role  of  wise adviser and spoke against  the  invasion.  He  referred back  to the  Scythian campaign  of  Darius, which Xerxes' campaign paralleled  on a  larger scale. "But you,  O King, intend  to  make  war on men who are far better than  the  Scyths  and are  said  to be  valiant, whether  on  land  or sea" (7.10.2-3).  Xerxes  had spoken of Heaven's  approval; Artabanus pointed out  that Heaven loved  to cut  down the  high  and  mighty.  He condemned Mardonius  for  deriding Greek customs,  and  concluded with words that  fitted  a  Greek patriot better than  a Persian. Persia,  he thought,  would  be  defeated. Xerxes angrily  rejected Artabanus's advice,  but  later,  in  bed,  he reflected, and  decided that Artabanus  was  right.  Then  he  slept  and had a  dream:  a man  appeared to  him, a n d  told him  that  he was  wrong to change his mind.  The expedition should  go  ahead.
Background image of page 02
Show entire document
Sign up to view the entire interaction

Top Answer

Let me explain the... View the full answer

edited why the army consulted the oracle regarding the war against the Persian.docx

Running Head: THE BATTLE OF THERMOPYLAE 1 The Battle of Thermopylae
Student’s Name
University Affiliation Why the Army Consulted the Oracle Regarding the War against the Persians?
It was...

Sign up to view the full answer

Why Join Course Hero?

Course Hero has all the homework and study help you need to succeed! We’ve got course-specific notes, study guides, and practice tests along with expert tutors.

  • -

    Study Documents

    Find the best study resources around, tagged to your specific courses. Share your own to gain free Course Hero access.

    Browse Documents
  • -

    Question & Answers

    Get one-on-one homework help from our expert tutors—available online 24/7. Ask your own questions or browse existing Q&A threads. Satisfaction guaranteed!

    Ask a Question