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8. Monetary policy and the Phillips curve The following graph shows...

8. Monetary policy and the Phillips curve

The following graph shows the current short-run Phillips curve for a hypothetical economy; the point on the graph shows the initial unemployment rate and inflation rate. Assume that the economy is currently in long-run equilibrium.

Suppose the central bank of the hypothetical economy decides to increase the money supply.

On the following graph, shift the curve or drag the blue point along the curve, or do both, to show the short-run effects of this policy.

Hint: You may assume that the central bank's move was unanticipated.

 

In the short run, an unexpected increase in the money supply results in ______________   in the inflation rate and____________in the unemployment rate.

 

On the following graph, shift the curve or drag the blue point along the curve, or do both, to show the long-run effects of the increase in the money supply.

Image transcription text

INFLATION RATE (Percent) 05 I l 0 3 6 | | 12 15 18 to -—---- UNEMPLOYMENT RATE (Percent) In the long run, the increase in the money supply results in V in the inflation rate and V in the unemployment rate (relative to the economy's initial equilibrium).

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