Question

# Question 1 4 pts You are examining results that are comparing...

Question 1

4 pts

You are examining results that are comparing three different educational degrees in nursing (diploma, ADN, and BSN) to their reported levels of commitment to the profession.  The researcher set the alpha level (the level of statistical significance) prior to the study at p< 0.05.

Which of the findings below demonstrate statistical significance, based on the researcher's alpha level?

A significant difference was found among diploma, associate degree, and baccalaureate graduates' scores (=.40,  p = .001).

No decision can be made as to whether a significant difference was found among diploma, associate degree, and baccalaureate graduates' scores.

A significant difference was found among diploma, associate degree, and baccalaureate graduates' scores (=.112,  p = .24).

Flag question: Question 2

Question 2

4 pts

What statistical test would you use to determine a relationship between hours worked by nurses in a week and medication errors?

standard deviation

r- Pearson product moment

frequency distribution

X2- chi squared

Flag question: Question 3

Question 3

4 pts

The level of significance usually set in nursing studies is at either:

0.5 or 0.1

.05 or .01

.005 or .001

.03 or .003

Flag question: Question 4

Question 4

4 pts

A power analysis is conducted to:

set the level of significance.

determine a reliability coefficient.

test for internal validity.

estimate a sample size.

Flag question: Question 5

Question 5

4 pts

A nursing student is critiquing a study for her nursing research class. She feels like the study findings are generalizable to other settings and populations because:

the sampling criteria for subjects was very narrow and restrictive, to provide a homogenous sample.

it has a small sample size which was obtained by convenience.

the review of literature was extensive and included a conceptual framework.

there is consistency of the current study's finding with that found in previous research studies.

Flag question: Question 6

Question 6

4 pts

Determining study strengths and weaknesses involves ...

Identifying the authors' qualifications to conduct the research.

Comparing actual steps the authors took in the research process to the ideal.

Evaluating the adequacy of the literature review.

Comparing the study to previous studies on the same topic.

Flag question: Question 7

Question 7

4 pts

According to Brower & Nemec (2017), which of the following is a reason for the importance of following evidence based practice?

Individual practitioners and institutions can be held liable for failure to adhere to evidence based practice policies.

Medicare and insurance providers require evidence based practice for full reimbursement.

Regulating agencies require the implementation of evidence based practice.

Evidence based practice is required for hospitals to attain magnet status.

Flag question: Question 8

Question 8

4 pts

According to Makic & Granger (2019), which of the following is true of practice traditions?

They provide little benefit to patients.

They are often supported by evidence.

Nurses frequently resist carrying them out.

They can be easily abandoned.

Flag question: Question 9

Question 9

4 pts

According to Brower & Nemec (2017), evidence based practice is based on which of the following?

Clinical guidelines, best research, patient preferences

Clinical expertise, best research, patient preferences

Best research, expert opinion, clinical judgment

Best research, clinical judgment, expert opinion

Flag question: Question 10

Question 10

4 pts

According to Tucker (2019), which of the following is characteristic of the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research?

A focus on the gap between results in research trials and clinical settings

A focus on the implementation strategies used

A focus on the population to be served

A focus on the characteristics of the evidence

Flag question: Question 11

Question 11

4 pts

According to Makic & Grander (2019), which of the following is a way of measuring the implementation of evidence based practice in an organization?

Financial commitment to evidence based practice

Relevant evidence at point of care

Number of evidence based projects completed

Number of publications

Flag question: Question 12

Question 12

4 pts

According to Tucker (2019), which of the following is a category of strategy for successful implementation of evidence based practice?

Money

Communication

Compliance

Evidence

Flag question: Question 13

Question 13

4 pts

According to Brower & Nemec (2017), which of the following is an important INSTITUTIONAL factor in the adoption of evidence based practice?

Time constraints

Culture

Attitude

Funding

Flag question: Question 14

Question 14

4 pts

According to Brower & Nemec (2017), which of the following would be considered moderate level evidence?

Expert opinion

Randomized controlled trials

Patient preferences

Cohort studies

Flag question: Question 15

Question 15

4 pts

According to Tucker (2019), which of the following is an implementation strategy for the maintenance stage?

Monitoring data trends

Aligning the change with strategic priorities

Managing barriers to change

Flexible self learning modules

Flag question: Question 16

Question 16

4 pts

According to Makic & Granger (2019), most of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) goals for 2020 have already been met.

True

False

Flag question: Question 17

Question 17

4 pts

Which type of reliability is the consistency of measurement of two or more raters?

Accuracy

Interrater

Test-retest

Content

Flag question: Question 18

Question 18

4 pts

Content validity is defined as:

maintaining research controls as indicated in the study design and hypotheses.

reviewing the inferential and demographics data of the sample.

including all of the major elements relevant to the construct being measured.

measuring stability, equivalence, and homogeneity of a questionnaire.

Flag question: Question 19

Question 19

4 pts

Cronbach's alpha is used to determine:

equivalence of observations.

triangulation of theories.

internal consistency among items on a scale.

stability of repeated measurement over time.

Flag question: Question 20

Question 20

4 pts

Which of these is a probability sampling method?

Systematic sampling

Quota sampling

Purposive sampling

Convenience sampling

Flag question: Question 21

Question 21

4 pts

What does representativeness of a sample mean?

The sample was recruited in a manner that ensures that underrepresnted groups are included.

Members of the sample are articulate and able to give the researcher the required data.

The sample mirrors the population in as many ways as possible.

The sample is well fit to give the data required for the study.

Flag question: Question 22

Question 22

4 pts

What is an inclusion criteria?

A characteristic that a potential participant needs to be included in the target population.

A characteristic that the participant needs to be able to give the data required.

A characteristic that the participate needs to make an informed choice about whether to participate or not in a study.

A characteristic that the participant needs to knowledgably participate in the study.

Flag question: Question 23

Question 23

4 pts

A researcher wants to compare the means of three classes of nursing students on their grades. What is the statistic she should use?

t test for independent groups

ANOVA

ANCOVA

t test for dependent groups

Flag question: Question 24

Question 24

4 pts

A researcher wants to know how closely self efficacy is related to successful medication adherence in home health patients. What statistic should the researcher use?

ANOVA

Paired t-test

Pearson's product-moment correlation

Chi-square

Flag question: Question 25

Question 25

4 pts

What is the most important thing a reader should do when evaluating the use of statistics in a study?

Determine whether the sample size was adequate.

Identify whether or not the assumptions for the statistical method were met.

Check to see if the authors made any math errors.

Evaluate whether the tables and graphs were informative.

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