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KAPLAN UNIVERISTY Unit 4 Assignment 2 Business Law LS311 Harmon Amanda An express contract is where the terms of the agreement are fully and...

How do various factors of one’s job contribute to satisfaction in different cultures?

A recent study attempted to answer this question in a survey of over 49 countries. The authors of the study distinguished between intrinsic job characteristics (having a job that allows one to use one’s skills, frequently receiving recognition from one’s supervisor) and extrinsic job characteristics (receiving pay that is competitive within a given industry, working in an environment that has comfortable physical conditions) and assessed differences between the two in predicting employee job satisfaction.

The study found that, across all countries, extrinsic job characteristics were positively and consistently related to satisfaction with one’s job. However, countries differed in the extent to which intrinsic job characteristics predicted job satisfaction. Richer countries, countries with stronger social security, countries that stress individualism rather than collectivism, and countries with a smaller power distance (those that value a more equal distribution of power in organizations and institutions) showed a stronger relationship between the presence of intrinsic job characteristics and job satisfaction.

What explains these findings? One explanation is that in countries with greater wealth and social security, take concerns about survival for granted, and thus employees have the freedom to place greater importance on intrinsic aspects of the job. Another explanation is that cultural norms emphasizing the individual and less power asymmetry socialize individuals to focus on the intrinsic aspects of their job. In other words, such norms tell individuals that it is okay to want jobs that are intrinsically rewarding.


Huang X. & Van De Vliert, E. (2003). Where intrinsic job satisfaction fails to work: National moderators of intrinsic motivation. Journal of Organizational Behavior,24(2), 159–179. doi:10.1002/job.186

For this Assignment, conduct research on the United States and two other countries’ cultures. Use the Kaplan library or the Internet, and then respond to the questions below in a 2–3 page persuasive essay using APA format and citation style.


  1. Compare facts about each of the three countries. How are these countries different according to Hofstede?
  2. Determine which of the three countries is most likely to have higher job satisfaction and motivation among employees. What motivational theories are most relevant in each country?
  3. Explain your answer and persuade your audience using motivation theory
  4. Provide your conclusion, summarizing your point of view regarding the  above.
  5. The minimum page count requirement for this project is 2–3 pages of body text using APA format and citation style; this does not include the cover page or the references page
KAPLAN UNIVERISTY Unit 4 Assignment 2 Business Law LS311 Harmon Amanda
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An express contract is where the terms of the agreement are fully and explicitly stated in words, oral or written. An implied contract is where the plaintiff furnishes a service or property, the plaintiff expected to be paid for the service or property, and the defendant knew that payment was expected, or the defendant had a chance to reject the services or property and did not (Miller and Jentz, 2008). An implied contract arises based on the nature of the relationship. In the case of Krunch, the relationship is unmistakable as that of seller and buyer As so this would be considered an implied contract. Based on the history that McDougal goes into the candy store every day, and has the same routine of buying a candy bar, this would imply that he would be planning to buy a candy bar in this instance as well. This time, Kruch the store owner was busy, McDougal picked up a candy bar and waves it to Krunch and walks out. It’s to be assumed McDougal would pay for the candy bar at a later time, and would be implied based on his actions. The fact that the store owner did not say anything and remained silent would be considered as an element in an implied contract. As a general rule implied contracts would have to do with what relationship the two parties have when making the contract. McDougal has been going to the store every single day and he would most likely continue to go each day regardless. Basically, the action of holding the candy created an implied contract based upon the historic transactions between the parties. It is related to pattern of relationship and the matter of offer and acceptance. References:
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According to Boundless; Job satisfaction is the level of contentment an individual feels regarding
her or his job. The feeling is based on individual’s perception of satisfaction. Job...

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