MG630 Org. Behavior &amp; Leadership Makeup Paper Spring 2016 p.
2 PLEASE ANSWER EACH OF THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS WITH A BRIEF ESSAY. 1. Gender is a demographic variable that illustrates inequities in modern American organizations. While women have entered the work force in greater numbers, there remains a gender pay gap in which women typically earn smaller salaries than men who have the same levels of education and experience, and who perform the same types of jobs. In addition, according the American Association of University Women (AAUW), there is a race/ethnicity pay gap within the gender pay gap, with Asian-American women typically earning 90% of the salary typically earned by white men, and Hispanic women typically earning 54% of the salary typically earned by white men. White and African American women are in the middle, averaging roughly 79% and 65% of white men’s salaries respectively. Please discuss (1) why, IN YOUR OWN OPINION, Hispanic women earn LESS than Asian, Black, and white women and (2) why, IN YOUR OWN OPINION, Asian-American women earn MORE than Hispanic, Black, and white women. Also, (3) discuss why, IN YOUR OWN OPINION, why the gender gap pay gap persists. 2. Please (1) describe the Asch study with college students, (2) the Asch paradigm video of New York college students in an elevator and (3) describe how both illustrate the notion of conformity. (4) IN YOUR OWN WORDS, please say how the Asch paradigm applies organizational behavior and be sure to give examples. 3. We all use shortcuts like selective perception, the halo effect, and contrast effect when we judge other people. (1) Define selective perception, the halo effect, and the contrast effect, and (2) discuss, IN YOUR OWN OPINION, what affect they might have when used in employment interviews. (3) Define self-fulfilling prophecy and (4) discuss IN YOUR OWN OPINION, how self-fulfilling prophecy might affect the outcome of performance evaluations. 4. Alternate work arrangements include flextime, job sharing, and telecommuting. Define (1) flextime, (2) telecommuting, and (3) job-sharing. (4) Discuss which, IN YOUR OWN OPINION, is the best alternate work arrangement, and why?
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