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Assignment 1
(2) York plc was formed three years ago by a group of research scientists to market a new medicine
that they had invented. The technology involved in the medicine's manufacture is both complex
and expensive. Because of this, the company is faced with a high level of fixed costs.
This is of particular concern to Dr Harper, the company's chief executive. She recently arranged a
conference of all management staff to discuss company profitability. Dr Harper showed the
managers how average unit cost fell as production volume increased and explained that this was
due to the company's heavy fixed cost base. 'It is clear,' she said, 'that as we produce closer to
the plant's maximum capacity of 70 000 packs the average cost per pack falls. Producing and
selling as close to that limit as possible must be good for company profitability.' The data she
used are reproduced below:
Production volume (packs)
40 000
50 000
60 000
70 000
Average cost per unit*
Current sales and production
65 000
Selling price per pack:
*Defined as the total of fixed and variable costs, divided by the production volume
You are a member of York plc's management accounting team and shortly after the conference
you are called to a meeting with Ben Cooper, the company's marketing director. He is interested
in knowing how profitability changes with production.
Task 1
Ben Cooper asks you to calculate:
a) the amount of York plc's fixed costs;
b) the profit of the company at its current sales volume of 65 000 packs;
c) the break-even point in units;
d) the margin of safety expressed as a percentage
Ben Cooper now tells you of a discussion he has recently had with Dr Harper. Dr Harper had
once more emphasized the need to produce as close as possible to the maximum capacity of 70
000 packs. Ben Cooper has the possibility of obtaining an export order for an extra 5000 packs
but, because the competition is strong, the selling price would only be $330. Dr Harper has
suggested that this order should be rejected as it is below cost and so will reduce company
profitability. However, she would be prepared, on this occasion, to sell the packs on a cost basis
for t340 each, provided the order was increased to 15 000 packs
Task 2
Write a memo to Ben Cooper. Your memo should:
a )
calculate the change in profits from accepting the order for 5000 packs at $330;
C )
calculate the change in profits from accepting an order for 15 000 packs at $340;
briefly explain and justify which proposal, if either, should be accepted;
final decision.
identify two non-financial factors which should be taken into account before making a

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