2. Examine the rise in gasoline prices from 1997 to 2006. The price of regular unleaded gasoline in January 1997 was $1.26, and in January 2006, the price of regular unleaded gasoline was $2.31 (“Consumer price index,” 2006). Use the coordinates (1997, 1.26) and (2006, 2.31) to find the slope, or rate of change, between the two points. Describe how you arrived at your answer.

3. The linear equation

represents an estimate of the average cost of gas for year x starting in 1997 (“Consumer price index,” 2006). The year 1997 would be represented by x = 1, for example, because it is the first year in the study. Similarly, 2005 would be year 9, or x = 9.

a. What year would be represented by x = 4?

b. What x-value represents the year 2018?

c. What is the slope, or rate of change, of this equation?

3. The linear equation

represents an estimate of the average cost of gas for year x starting in 1997 (“Consumer price index,” 2006). The year 1997 would be represented by x = 1, for example, because it is the first year in the study. Similarly, 2005 would be year 9, or x = 9.

a. What year would be represented by x = 4?

b. What x-value represents the year 2018?

c. What is the slope, or rate of change, of this equation?

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