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Running head: MEDICATION ERRORS DISCLOSURE AND ETHICS /LEGALITIES 1 Medication errors disclosure and ethics /legalities Sharon Williams Walden University Advanced Pharmacology Nurs 6521 N-1 Dr. Anay Mosus June 10, 2016
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MEDICATION ERRORS DISCLOSURE AND ETHICS /LEGALITIES 2 Medication errors disclosure and ethics /legalities Medication errors occur when health care workers inappropriately prescribed, dispensed, or administered drugs. Medication errors are a multifaceted problem which may arise in any health care setting. According to Arcangelo and Peterson (2013), many outpatient prescriptions have mistakes that can be prevented. The purpose of this paper is to explain the ethical and legal implications of medication errors disclosure and nondisclosure; specific state laws and different strategies used to minimize medication errors Ethical and Legal Implications of Disclosure / Nondisclosure As healthcare providers, we are obligated to protect our patients from harm and not reporting a medication error is illegal unethical and harmful to the patient. Sometimes clinicians are afraid to report errors for fear of losing their jobs, reputation, and licenses. However, disclosing errors can prevent an adverse outcome for the patient. According to the code of ethics found in the American Nurses Association (2015), clinicians must report all medication errors to the proper authority to ensure patients safety and quality of care. Healthcare providers must maintain an open, honest working relationship with their patients. That may include disclosing medication errors. It is our duty to uphold honesty with our clients regardless of the consequence ( Ehsani et al., 2013). Our patients may have confidence in us if we are honest and attempt to repair the problem. Nondisclosure can cause great harm to a patient and can lead to complete lack of trust in the provider. Disclosure of error is not only illegal but unethical and unprofessional. When an error occurs, patients and family need to know (Brandom, Callahan & Micalizzi,2011) Federal and State about Disclosure
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Application: The Ethics and Legalities of Medication Error Disclosure American writer Nikki Giovanni once said: “Mistakes are a fact of life. It is the response to the error that counts” (Goodreads, 2012). Whenever you make an error when writing a prescription, you must consider the ethical and legal implications of your error—no matter how seemingly insignificant it might be. You may fear the possible consequences and feel pressured not to disclose the error. Regardless, you need to consider the potential implications of non-disclosure. How you respond to the prescription error will affect you, the patient, and the health care facility where you practice. In this Assignment, you examine ethical and legal implications of disclosure and nondisclosure of personal error. Consider the following scenario: You are working as an advanced practice nurse at a community health clinic. You make an error when prescribing a drug to a patient. You do not think the patient would know that you made the error, and it certainly was not intentional. To prepare: • Consider the ethical implications of disclosure and nondisclosure. • Consider what you would do as the advanced practice nurse in this scenario including whether or not you would disclose your error. • Think about strategies to avoid medication errors. To complete: Write a 2- to 3- page paper that addresses the following: • Explain the ethical and legal implications of disclosure and nondisclosure. • Describe what you would do as the advanced practice nurse in this scenario including whether or not you would disclose your error. Provide your rationale.
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• Explain the process of writing prescriptions including strategies to minimize medication errors. Possible references to use for the paper American Nurses Association. (2001). Code of ethics for nurses with interpretive statements. Nursing World. Retrieved from http://www.nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/EthicsStandards/CodeofEthicsforNurses/Cod e-of-Ethics-For-Nurses.html Anderson, P., & Townsend, T. (2010). Medication errors: Don’t let them happen to you. American Nurse Today, 5(3), 23–28. Retrieved from https://americannursetoday.com/medication-errors-dont-let-them-happen-to-you/ Drug Enforcement Administration. (n.d.). Mid-level practitioners authorization by state. Retrieved from May 24 , 2017, http://www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/drugreg/practioners/index.html Drug Enforcement Administration. (2006.). Practitioner’s manual. Retrieved from http://www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/pubs/manuals/pract/index.html Drugs.com . (2012). Retrieved from http://www.drugs.com/ Institute for Safe Medication Practices. (2012). ISMP's list of error-prone abbreviations, symbols, and dose designations. Retrieved from http://www.ismp.org/Tools/errorproneabbreviations.pdf
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Med errors.docx

Running head: MEDICATION ERRORS DISCLOSURE AND ETHICS /LEGALITIES Medication errors disclosure and ethics /legalities
Student’s Name
Walden University
Advanced Pharmacology
Nurs 6521 N-1...

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