A nurse who works in a skilled nursing facility is caring for an 85-year-old woman who has had a fever of 102°F for 2 days. The nurse noted increased agitation, restlessness, and a decreased appetite. The patient has a Foley catheter in place. The physician ordered a urine analysis and the results are below. A diagnosis of a kidney infection was given.
Color: dark amber in color
Appearance: cloudy with sediment
Specific gravity 1.025
Leukocyte Esterase +++
• Discuss how the bacteria gained entry into the body and what normal innate host defense mechanisms' were ineffective
• Describe how the patient's age impacted her response to the infection