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Your assigned article for critique is: Hunsacker, S., Chen,

H., Maughan, D., & Heaston, S. (2015). Factors that influence the development of compassion fatigue, burnout, and compassion satisfaction in emergency department nurses. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 47(2), 186-194. doi:10.1111/jnu.12122


20. There are several statistically significant findings in this study. Which of these statements from the article would be considered a significant and predicted result? (select all that apply)

a.  ED nurses who exhibit higher CS levels and lower burnout levels have increased years in the profession, more years in the ED, and a higher level of education.

b.  Younger nurses have lower levels of CF.

c.  A positive work environment (manager support) leads to more satisfied nurses, (β = .292, p<.01).

d.  ED nurses who work longer shifts (12 hours) have greater levels of CF compared to 8-10 hours.


21. Which of these statements from the article would be considered a non-significant result. (Select all that apply)

a.  The older the nurse, the higher the level of CS (r=.260, p=.001)

b.   There was no difference between years a nurse worked in the ED and level of CF.

c.  A positive work environment (manager support) leads to more satisfied nurses, (β = .292, p<.01).

d.  ED nurses who work longer shifts (12 hours) have no difference in levels of CF compared to 8-10 hours. 


22. Which one of these statements from the article would be considered clinically important?

a.  Manager support positively predicts the level of CS, CF, and burnout.

b.  Younger nurses have better coping skills to combat burnout compared to more experienced nurses.

c.  High levels of CS are a known factor for nursing turnover in the ED.

d.  Six participants were removed from the study due to incomplete surveys.

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