View the step-by-step solution to:


Please critique this paper and critique the APA formating and make recommendations on corrections


Random Controlled Trial CAT

           The article selected for review focuses on attachment-focused integrative reminiscence therapy in the older African American population. This article relates to my clinical question in that it focuses on a type of non-pharmacological intervention being utilized in the older adult population. The article has been published within the last 5 years, demonstrating that the information presented is not outdated. The study was focused on a clear question- will attachment-focused integrative reminiscence therapy in the older adult, African American population improve physical and psychological health outcomes, as well as decrease perceived stress? The intervention was compared to a standard format of life review- which only would focus on positive memories in a person's life. As the authors portrayed, there is strong evidence already in place that reminiscence therapy can decrease depressive symptoms, and so this study sought to prove that the older adults who completed the integrative reminiscence therapy protocol would demonstrate improvement in self reports of physical and psychological health and perceive lower levels of stress (Sabir, Henderson, Kang, & Pillemer, 2015).

           The method for selecting participants was limited somewhat. The authors, Sabir, et al. do note in the limitations section that because the study was only announced in one senior center - the study was limited to 90% female population and to a population of older adults who do are mobile and well socialized (p. 525). Because of the limitations of the population, the control and treatment groups were similar and were treated equally and measured using the same tools for outcomes. The selection of participants into treatment versus control groups was randomized, however and performed via stratified random sampling within sex groups.  

           The trial was conducted over 8 weeks and then assessed again 6 months after treatment to determine the sustainability of treatment. The retention rate for participants throughout the study was 95% and the outcomes of the treatment were statistically significant. In the treatment group it was noted (Sabir, Henderson, Kang, & Pillemer, 2015) that the effects on decreasing depression symptoms per the CES-D Scale measured at p value .019 at 8 weeks and .003 at the end of 6 months, for example (Table 2). The control group, on the other hand was noted as increasing in symptoms on the same scale.

           The results of this study could be beneficial to the local population, however because of the small population size and the limitations in the population study to African American women further studies would be beneficial. The use of integrative reminiscence therapy could be significant to the treatment of depression for the African American population and potentially to many others because it is effective and cost efficient (Sabir, et al., 2015, p.525).



Sabir, M., Henderson, C. R., Kang, S.-Y., & Pillemer, K. (2015). Attachment-focused integrative reminiscence with older African Americans: a randomized controlled intervention study. Aging & Mental Health, 20(5), 517-528. doi: 10.1080/13607863.2015.1023764 

Recently Asked Questions

Why Join Course Hero?

Course Hero has all the homework and study help you need to succeed! We’ve got course-specific notes, study guides, and practice tests along with expert tutors.

  • -

    Study Documents

    Find the best study resources around, tagged to your specific courses. Share your own to gain free Course Hero access.

    Browse Documents
  • -

    Question & Answers

    Get one-on-one homework help from our expert tutors—available online 24/7. Ask your own questions or browse existing Q&A threads. Satisfaction guaranteed!

    Ask a Question
Let our 24/7 Nursing tutors help you get unstuck! Ask your first question.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors