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Question 1 Hypoxia causes the kidney to secrete whathormone?...

Question 1

  1.  
  2. Hypoxia causes the kidney to secrete what hormone? 
  3.  catecholamines
  4. erythropoietin
  5. epinephrine 
  6. cortisol

1 points 

Question 2

  1.  
  2. A man with a cauda equina involvement in multiple sclerosis became incontinent when his caregiver was late and was not available to assist with the morning catheterization is experiencing what type of incontinence? 
  3. Functional incontinence
  4. Overflow incontinence
  5. Stress incontinence
  6. Urge incontinence

1 points 

Question 3

  1.  
  2. What hormone delay gastric emptying?
  3. gastrin and motilin
  4. gastrin and cholecystokinin
  5. secretin and cholecystokinin
  6. secretin and motilin 

1 points 

Question 4

  1.  
  2. Para-aminohippuric acid is  used to estimate what? 
  3. effective renal blood flow
  4. glomerular filtration rate
  5. protein metabolism 
  6. renal artery pressure

1 points 

Question 5

  1.  
  2. The concentration gradient of the renal interstitium increases from the cortex to the tip of the medulla, this causes the urine to: 
  3. Become more concentrated 
  4. Become more dilute 
  5. To leak through the basement membrane 
  6. To help retain nutrients in the blood

1 points 

Question 6

  1.  
  2.  The center of every villus has a lymphatic capillary that is known as a _______________ that is important for absorption of _______________ molecules.
  3. lacteal, protein
  4. sinusoid, protein
  5. lacteal, fat
  6. sinusoid, fat

1 points 

Question 7

  1.  
  2. A woman who loses a small amount of urine involuntarily every time she sneezes is experiencing what type of incontinence? 
  3. Functional incontinence
  4. Overflow incontinence
  5. Stress incontinence
  6. Urge incontinence

1 points 

Question 8

  1.  
  2. Which of these structures are located in the renal medulla? 
  3. Glomeruli, proximal tubules, and renal corpuscles
  4. Glomeruli, distal tubules, and pyramids
  5. Collecting ducts, distal tubules, and pyramids
  6. Collecting ducts, proximal tubules, and renal corpuscles

1 points 

Question 9

  1.  
  2. Sympathetic stimulation of the renal arterioles causes what reaction? 
  3. fluid excretion
  4. diuresis 
  5. vasodilation
  6. vasoconstriction 

1 points 

Question 10

  1.  
  2. The increased renal excretion of sodium and water is caused by what substance?  
  3. Anti diuretic hormone
  4. Angiotenson
  5. Amino acids 
  6. Natriuretic peptides

1 points 

Question 11

  1.  
  2. The decreased renal excretion of sodium and water is caused by what substance?  
  3. Anti diuretic hormone (ADH)
  4. Angiotenson
  5. Amino acids 
  6. Natriuretic peptides

1 points 

Question 12

  1.  
  2.  When plasma creatinine concentration increases what effect does it have on the GFR? 
  3. GFR increases 
  4. GFT decreases 
  5. GFR remains the same 
  6. GFR moves in the same direction as the plasma creatinine concentration

1 points 

Question 13

  1.  
  2. A salivary enzyme that digests carbohydrates is called __________________
  3. Trypsin
  4. Amylase
  5. Pepsin
  6. Ptyalin

1 points 

Question 14

  1.  
  2. Reabsorption of large amounts of sodium, water, glucose, amino acids; net reabsorption of bicarbonate; secretion of H1, organic acids, and many medications occurs in what portion of the kidney? 
  3. Proximal tubule
  4. Distal tubule and collecting duct
  5. Descending limb of loop of Henle
  6. Glomerulus

1 points 

Question 15

  1.  
  2. Cells that  secrete digestive proenzymes are called? 
  3. Kupffer cells
  4. Pancreatic acinar cells
  5. Hepatocytes
  6. Parietal cells

1 points 

Question 16

  1.  
  2. A patient with severe colicky flank pain radiating to the groin, nausea and vomiting, and some hematuria is experiencing classic symptoms of: 
  3. Renal cancer
  4. Nephrotic syndrome
  5. Calculus lodged in ureter
  6. Acute kidney injury

1 points 

Question 17

  1.  
  2. Nephrotoxic antibiotics can cause what type of acute kidney injury? 
  3. pre-renal
  4. intra-renal
  5. post-renal

1 points 

Question 18

  1.  
  2. A patient with sudden onset of oliguria with elevated plasma BUN and plasma creatinine levels is experiencing classic symptoms of: 
  3. Renal cancer
  4. Nephrotic syndrome
  5. Calculus lodged in ureter
  6. Acute kidney injury

1 points 

Question 19

  1.  
  2. Which of following is true about normal changes to the GI system that occur as individuals age? 
  3. decreased motility and increased liver blood flow and liver enzyme activity 
  4. decreased motility and  decreased liver blood flow and liver enzyme activity 
  5. increased motility and decreased liver blood flow
  6. increased motility and increased liver enzyme activity

1 points 

Question 20

  1.  
  2. A gastric enzyme that digests proteins is called __________________
  3. Trypsin
  4. Amylase
  5. Pepsin
  6. Ptyalin

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