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Screenshot (70).pngit is all about the different nursing theories

explain each theory and what are your insight about each theory

NOTE: give 5 statement each theories

  • Maternal Role Attainment Theory by Ramona Mercer
  • Self-Efficacy Theory by Alberta Bandura,
  • Tidal Model Theory by Phil Barker,
  • Four Conservation Principles by Myra Levine,
  • Change Theory by Kurt Lewin,
  • Health Promotion Model by Nola Pender,
  • Twenty-One Nursing Problems Theory by Faye Abdellah,
  • Need Theory by Virginia Henderson,
  • The Goal Attainment Theory by Imogene King.

note: SOURCE FOR EACH NURSING THEORIES

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AutoSave O Off) A Q - GA Theories . Search Sign in X File Home Insert Design Layout References Mailings Review View Help Share Comments LO X Cut Calibri (Body) * 11 ~ A" A Aa A AaBbCcDC AaBbCcDo AaBbC( AaBbCcC AaB Find Gc Replace Paste [a Copy Format Painter BIUXX A LA 1 Normal 1 No Spac.. Heading 1 Heading 2 Title < < Select Dictate Editor Clipboard Font Paragraph Styles Editing Voice Editor L 1.2 . 1 . 1 . 1 . . 1 . 1 . 1 . 2 . 1 . 3 . 1 . 4 . 1 . 5 . 1 . 6 . 1 . 7 . 1 . 8 . 1 . 9 . 1 . 10 . 1 . 11 . 1 . 12 . 1 . 13 . 1 . 14 . 1 . 15 . 1 . 16 . ). 17 . 1. 18 . 1 . 19 Helping Art of Clinical Nursing Model by Ernestine Wiedenbach In this model, nursing is defined as the practice of identifying a patient's need through observation of presenting behaviors and symptoms, exploration of the meaning of those symptoms with the patient, identification of the cause of discomfort and the patient's ability to resolve it. The goal of nursing consists primarily of identifying a patient's need for help. The theory identifies four main elements in clinical nursing: a philosophy, a purpose, a practice, and the art. It explains that knowledge encompasses all that has been perceived and grasped by the human mind. According to the theory, a nurse uses two types of judgment in dealing with patients: clinical and sound. Clinical judgment represents the nurse's ability to make sound decisions. Sound judgment, on the other hand, is the result of disciplined functioning of mind and emotions, and improves with expanded knowledge and increased clarity of professional purpose. Born in Hamburg, Germany, in 1900, Ernestine Wiedenbach earned her Bachelor of Arts from Wellesley College in 1922, and her Registered Nurse's license from the John Hopkins School of Nursing in 1925 She then earned her Master of Arts from Teachers College, Columbia University in 1934. In 1946, Wiedenbach earned a certificate in nurse-midwifery from the Maternity Center Association School for Nurse-Midwives in New York and taught there until 1951. The following year, she joined the faculty of Yale University as an instructor in maternity nursing. She became an assistant professor of obstetric nursing in 1954. Page 4 of 4 1926 words DX English (Philippines) [ Focus + 90% Type here to search W [ ENG 12:17 AM 11/10/2020

AutoSave O Off) A Q - GA Theories . Search Sign in X File Home Insert Design Layout References Mailings Review View Help Share Comments LO X Cut Calibri (Body) * 11 ~ A" A Aa A AaBbCcDC AaBbCcDo AaBbCc AaBbCcC AaB Find Paste [a Copy BIUXX A LA 1 Normal 1 No Spac.. Heading 1 Heading 2 Title < < Gc Replace Dictate Editor Format Painter Select Clipboard Font Paragraph Styles Editing Voice Editor L 1.2 . 1 . 1 . 1 . X . 1 . 1 . 1 . 2 . 1 . 3 . 1 . 4 . 1 . 5 . 1 . 6 . 1 . 7 . 1 . 8 . 1 . 9 . 1 . 10 . 1 . 11 . 1 . 12 . 1 . 13 . 1 . 14 . 1 . 15 . 1. 16. . 17 . 1. 18 . 1 . 19 The Goal Attainment Theory by Imogene King The Goal Attainment Theory describes a dynamic, interpersonal relationship in which a patient grows and develops to attain certain goals in life. The model has three interacting systems: personal, interpersonal, and social. Each of these systems has its own set of concepts. According to King, a human being is a social being who is rational and sentient. He or she can perceive, think, feel, choose, set goals, select means to achieve goals, and make decisions. He or she has three fundamental needs: the need for health information when it is needed and can be used; the need for care that seeks to prevent illness; and the need for care when he or she is unable to help him or herself. Born in West Point, lowa, in 1923, Imogene King earned her nursing diploma from St. John's Hospital School of Nursing in St. Louis, Missouri, in 1945. In 1948, she earned her Bachelor of Science in Nursing from St. Louis University and then completed her Master of Science in Nursing in 1957. In 1961, she earned her doctoral degree from Teachers College, Columbia University. Helping Art of Clinical Nursing Model by Ernestine Wiedenbach In this model, nursing is defined as the practice of identifying a patient's need through observation of presenting behaviors and symptoms, exploration of the meaning of those symptoms with the patient, identification of there amfart and the nationt's ability to racalus it The mool of mu Page 3 of 4 1926 words DX English (Philippines) [Focus + 90% Type here to search 9 W ( ENG 12:17 AM 11/10/2020

AutoSave O Off) A Q - GA Theories . Search Sign in X File Home Insert Design Layout References Mailings Review View Help Share Comments LO X Cut [a Copy Calibri (Body) * 11 ~ A" A Aa A AaBbCcDC AaBbCcDo AaBbCc AaBbCcC AaB Find * Paste Format Painter BIU XX ALA. 1 Normal 1 No Spac.. Heading 1 Heading 2 Title < < Gc Replace Select Dictate Editor Clipboard Font Paragraph Styles Editing Voice Editor L 12 . 1 . 1 . 1 . X . 1 . 1 . 1 . 2 . 1 . 3 . 1 . 4 . 1 . 5 . 1 . 6 . 1 . 7 . 1 . 8 . 1 . 9 . 1 . 10 . 1 . 11 . 1 . 12 . 1 . 13 . 1 . 14 . 1 . 15 . 1 . 16 . . 17 . 1 . 18 . 1 . 19 Health Promotion Model by Nola Pender The Health Promotion Model was designed to be a "complementary counterpart to models of health protection." It defines health as a positive dynamic state rather than simply the absence of disease. Health promotion is directed at increasing a patient's level of well-being. It focuses on three areas: individual characteristics and experiences, behavior-specific cognitions, and affect, and behavioral outcomes. The theory underscores that each person has unique characteristics that may affect their actions. Twenty-One Nursing Problems Theory by Faye Abdellah This theory includes ten steps used to identify the patient's problems and eleven skills used in developing a nursing care plan. The problems fall into three categories: physical, sociological, and emotional needs of patients; types of interpersonal relationships between the patient and nurse; and common elements of patient care. The patient needs are then divided into four categories which include basic to all patients, subtenant care needs, remedial care needs, and restorative care needs. The twenty-one problems can be applied to the nursing process. In the assessment phase, the nursing problems provide guidelines for data collection. Need Theory by Virginia Henderson The Need Theory has fourteen components: Breathe normally; eat and drink adequately; eliminate body wastes; move and maintain desirable postures; sleep and rest; select suitable clothes, dress and undress; maintain body temperature within normal range by adjusting clothing and modifying environment: keep the body clean and well-groomed and protect the integument; avoid dangers in the environment and avoid injuring others; communicate with others in expressing emotions, needs, fears, or opinions; worship according to one's faith; work in such a way that there is a sense of accomplishment; play or participate in various forms of recreation; and learn, discover, or satisfy the curiosity that leads to normal development and health and use the available health facilities. Henderson's emphasis on the human needs as the central focus of nursing practice has led to the development of the theory regarding the needs of the person and how nursing can assist in meeting Page 3 of 4 1926 words DX English (Philippines) [Focus + 90% Type here to search 3 9 W ( ENG 12:17 AM 11/10/2020

AutoSave O Off) A Q - GA Theories . Search Sign in X File Home Insert Design Layout References Mailings Review View Help Share Comments LO X Cut AaBbCcDC AaBbCcDo AaBbCc AaBbCcC AaB Find Gc Replace Paste [a Copy Calibri (Body) * 11 ~ A" A Aa A Format Painter BIU XX ALA. 1 Normal 1 No Spac.. Heading 1 Heading 2 Title < < Select Dictate Editor Clipboard Font Paragraph Styles Editing Voice Editor L 1 . 2 . 1 . 1 . 1 . X . 1 . 1 . 1 . 2 . 1 . 3 . 1 . 4 . 1 . 5 . 1 . 6 . 1 . 7 . 1 . 8 . 1 . 9 . 1 . 10 . 1 . 11 . 1 . 12 . 1 . 13 . 1 . 14 . 1 . 15 . 1 . 16. . 17 . 1 . 18 . 1 . 19 Change Theory by Kurt Lewin The Change Theory has three major concepts: driving forces, restraining forces, and equilibrium. Driving forces are those that cause change to occur. They facilitate change because they push the patient in a desired direction. Restraining forces, on the other hand, are those forces that counter the driving forces. They hinder change because they push the patient in the opposite direction. Lastly, equilibrium is a situation wherein driving forces equal restraining forces, and no change occurs. Kurt Lewin was born in 1890 in Germany. When his family moved to Berlin in 1905, he entered the University of Freiburg to study medicine, but opted to study biology instead, which prompted him to transfer to the University of Munich. He spent six months as a visiting professor at Stanford University in 1930. He then worked at Cornell University for the lowa Child Welfare Research Station at the University of lowa after his immigration. Following World War II, Lewin was involved in the psychological rehabilitation of former displaced camp occupants at Harvard Medical School with Dr. Jacob Fine. He is now considered the father of social psychology. Health Promotion Model by Nola Pender The Health Promotion Model was designed to be a "complementary counterpart to models of health protection." It defines health as a positive dynamic state rather than simply the absence of disease. Page 2 of 4 1926 words DX English (Philippines) [ Focus + 90% Type here to search 9 W ~ [ ENG 12:16 AM 11/10/2020

AutoSave O Off) A Q - GA Theories . Search Sign in X File Home Insert Design Layout References Mailings Review View Help Share Comments LO X Cut Calibri (Body) * 11 ~ A" A Aa A AaBbCcDC AaBbCcDo AaBbCc AaBbCcC AaB Find * Paste [a Copy Format Painter BIU XX ALA. 1 No Spac.. Heading 1 Heading 2 Title < < Gc Replace 1 Normal Select Dictate Editor Clipboard Font Paragraph Styles Editing Voice Editor L 1. 2 . 1 . 1 . 1 . X . 1 . 1 . 1 . 2 . 1 . 3 . 1 . 4 . 1 . 5 . 1 . 6 . 1 . 7 . 1 . 8 . 1 . 9 . 1 . 10 . 1 . 11 . 1 . 12 . 1 . 13 . 1 . 14 . 1 . 15 . 1 . 16 . ). 17 . 1 . 18 . 1 . 19 Life Perspective Rhythm Model by Joyce Fitzpatrick The Life Perspective Rhythm Model includes the concepts of nursing, person, health, and environment. The model contributes to nursing knowledge by providing taxonomy for identifying and labeling nursing concepts. In this model, health is identified as a basic human dimension in continuous development. The theory assumes that "the process of human development is characterized by rhythms that occur within the context of continuous person-environment interaction" and that nursing activities basically focus on enhancing the developmental process towards health. The model recognizes individuals as having unique biological, psychological, emotional, social, cultural, and spiritual attitudes. Optimum health is described as the actualization of both innate and obtained human potential, goal-directed behavior, and expert personal care. Fitzpatrick earned her Bachelor of Science in Nursing from Georgetown University. She later founded and led the Bolton School's World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Nursing and has provided consultation on nursing education and research throughout the world, including universities and health ministries in Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, Latin America, and the Middle East. Theory of Comfort by Katharine Kolcaba The Theory of Comfort is a mid-range theory for health practice, education, and research. It has the potential to place comfort in the forefront of healthcare. In this model, nursing is described as the process of assessing the patient's comfort needs, developing and implementing appropriate nursing care plans and evaluating the patient's comfort after the care plans have been carried out. Born in Cleveland, Ohio, Katharine Kolcaba earned her diploma of nursing in 1965 from St. Luke's Hospital School of Nursing. In 1997, she graduated with PhD Nursing from Case Western Reserve University and developed a website called The Comfort Line. Four Conservation Principles by Myra Levine According to this theory, every patient has varying range of adaptive responses, which depend on factors such as age, gender, and illness. The four principles in Levine's model of nursing are conservation of energy, structural integrity, personal integrity, and social integrity. The goal is to promote adaptation and maintain wholeness by using the principles of conservation. Born in Chicago in 1920, Myra Estrin Levine earned her diploma in nursing from the Cook County School Page 2 of 4 1926 words DX English (Philippines) [Focus + 90% Type here to search 9 W ~ [ ENG 12:16 AM 11/10/2020

AutoSave O Off) A Q - GA Theories . Search Sign in X File Home Insert Design Layout References Mailings Review View Help Share Comments LO X Cut Find [ Copy Calibri (Body) * 11 ~ A" A Aa A AaBbCcDC AaBbCcDo AaBbCc AaBbCcC AaB BIU XX ALA. < < Gc Replace Paste 1 Normal 1 No Spac.. Heading 1 Heading 2 Title Select Dictate Editor Format Painter Clipboard Font Paragraph Styles Editing Voice Editor . 25 . 1 . 24 . 1 . . 1 . 22 . 1 . 21 . 1 . 20 . 1 . 19 . 1 . 18 . 1 . 17 . 1 . 16 . 1 . F 12 . 1 . 1 . 1 .X . 1 . 1 . 1 . 2 . 1 . 3 . 1 . 4 . 1 . 5 . 1 . 6 . 1 . 7 . 1 . 8 . 1 . 9 . 1 . 10 . 1 . 11 . 1 . 12 . 1 . 13 . 1 . 14 . 1 . 15 . 1 . 16 . . 17 . 1 . 18 . 1 . 19 Tidal Model Theory by Phil Barker The Tidal Model refers to "a philosophical approach to the discovery of mental health." By using their own language, metaphors and personal stories, people begin to express something of meaning to their lives. This is the first step towards regaining control over their lives. The theory provides a framework for the exploration of the patient's needs for nursing care and the provision of individual care plans. For nurses to begin the process of engagement using the Tidal Model, the following needs to be accepted: recovery is possible; change is inevitable; ultimately, the patient knows what is best for him or her; the patient possesses all the resources he or she needs to begin the recovery journey; the patient is the teacher, while the helpers are the pupils; and the helper needs to be creatively curious, and to learn what needs to be done to help the person. Phil Barker was United Kingdom's first professor of psychiatric nursing at the Newcastle University. He started out as a nursing assistant and eventually became one of the UK's first nurse psychotherapists. His wife, Poppy Buchanan-Barker, also had her own contributions to the Tidal Model. Life Perspective Rhythm Model by Joyce Fitzpatrick The Life Perspective Rhythm Model includes the concepts of nursing, person, health, and environment. Page 1 of 4 1926 words DX English (Philippines) Focus + 90% Type here to search W ~ [ ENG 12:16 AM 11/10/2020

AutoSave O Off) A Q - GA Theories . Search Sign in X File Home Insert Design Layout References Mailings Review View Help Share Comments LO X Cut Calibri (Body) * 11 ~ A" A Aa A AaBbCcDC AaBbCcDo AaBbCc AaBbCcC AaB Find Gc Replace Paste [ Copy Format Painter BIU XX ALA. 1 Normal 1 No Spac.. Heading 1 Heading 2 Title < < Select Dictate Editor Clipboard Font Paragraph Styles Editing Voice Editor 1 . 17 . 1 . 16 . 1 . 15. 1 . 14 . 1 . 13 . 1 . 12 . 1 . 11 . 1 . 10 . 1 . 9 . 1 . 8 . 1 . 7 . 1 . 6 . 1 . 5 . 1 . 4 . 1 . 3 . 1 5 1.2 . 1 . 1 . 1 . . 1 . 1 . 1 . 2 . 1 . 3 . 1 . 4 . 1 . 5 . 1 . 6 . 1 . 7 . 1 . 8 . 1 . 9 . 1 . 10 . 1 . 11 . 1 . 12 . 1 . 13 . 1 . 14 . 1 . 15 . 1 . 16 . . 17 . 1 . 18 . 1 . 19 Maternal Role Attainment Theory by Ramona Mercer This mid-range theory serves as a framework for nurses in providing appropriate health care interventions to mothers, helping them develop a strong maternal identity. The basic concept of the Maternal Role Attainment Theory is the developmental and interactional process, in which the mother bonds with her baby while acquiring competence and expressing joy in her role as a mother. Ramona Mercer spent more than 30 years doing research about parenting in low and high-risk situations as well as transition into the maternal role. She began with a study of mothers who gave birth to infants with a birth defect (1971-1973). She focused next on teenage mothers during their first year of motherhood. Mercer also participated in a cross-cultural comparison of mothers' responses to cesarean and vaginal births. Her research has provided clinicians with information on how to make a difference in the lives of new parents. Self-Efficacy Theory by Alberta Bandura The Self-Efficacy Theory originated from the Social Cognitive Theory by Bandura. The latter states that there are three factors that influence self-efficacy: Behavior, environment, and personal factors. These factors affect each other, but the personal or cognitive factors are the most important. According to Bandura, "motivation, performance, and feelings of frustration associated with repeated failures determine affect and behavior relations". Self-efficacy, or the belief that one can manage one's own health is an important goal of health care providers, particularly in patients with chronic illnesses. Born in Alberta, Canada, Bandura has done a great deal of work on social learning throughout his career and is famous for his "Social Learning Theory" (later renamed "Social Cognitive Theory"). Bandura focuses on the acquisition of behaviors. He believes that people acquire behaviors through the observation of others, and then imitation of what they have observed. Tidal Model Theory by Phil Barker The Tidal Model refers to "a philosophical approach to the discovery of mental health." By using their own language, metaphors and personal stories, people begin to express something of meaning to their Page 1 of 4 1926 words DX English (Philippines) Focus + 90% Type here to search 9 ~ [ ENG 12:16 AM 11/10/2020

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