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Mrs. Perez admits that she has had "problems" with alcohol since her

father died in her late teens. She reports that she has struggled with alcohol since her 20's and has been involved with Alcoholics Anonymous "on and off" for the past 25 years. She states that for the past 2 years, she has been having more and more difficulty maintaining her sobriety since the opening of the new "Rising Sun" casino near her home. Mrs. Perez states that she and a friend went to visit the new casino during its grand opening at which point she was "hooked." She states that she gets "such a high" when she is gambling. While gambling, she "enjoys a drink or two" to help calm her during high-stakes games. She states that this often gives way to more drinking and more reckless gambling. She also reports that her cigarette smoking has increased over the past 2 years and she is concerned about the negative effects of the cigarette smoking on her health.
She states that she attempts to abstain from drinking but she gets such a "high" from the act of gambling that she needs a few drinks to "even out." She also notices that when she drinks, she doesn't smoke "as much," but she enjoys smoking when she is playing at the slot machines. She also reports that she has gained weight from drinking so much. She currently weights 122 lbs., which represents a 7 lb. weight gain from her usual 115 lb. weight.
Mrs. Perez is quite concerned today because she borrowed over $50,000 from her retirement account to pay off her gambling debts, and her husband does not know.


MENTAL STATUS EXAM
The client is a 53 year old Puerto Rican female who is alert and oriented to person, place, time, and event. She is dressed appropriately for the weather and time of year. Her speech is clear, coherent, and goal directed. Her eye contact is somewhat avoidant during the clinical interview. When you make eye contact with her, she looks away or looks down. She demonstrates no noteworthy mannerisms, gestures, or tics. Her self-reported mood is "sad." Affect is appropriate to content of conversation and self-reported mood. She denies visual or auditory hallucinations, and no delusional or paranoid thought processes are readily appreciated. Insight and judgment are grossly intact; however, impulse control is impaired. She is currently denying suicidal or homicidal ideation.
Diagnosis: Gambling disorder, alcohol use disorder


Decision Point One
Vivitrol (Naltrexone) Injection 380mg Intramuscularly in the gluteal region every four weeks
Antabuse (Disulfiram) 250mg orally daily
Campral (Acamprosate) 666mg orally three times daily
Decision #1

-Which decision did you select?
-Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.
-Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.
-What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).
-Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples.

Answer & Explanation
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Step-by-step explanation

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