Johnny's largest meal of the day is late in the evening. Twice a week he prepares his own hot dinners at his dorm.
The other nights he eats frozen convenience foods, microwave dinners, fast food, or cold sandwiches. His friends have mentioned to him that his eating habits may affect his health, but Johnny has explained that he is an athlete and needs to eat the way he does to have energy to compete at a college level. He has seen no change in his weight over the past few months, either up or down, not even with weight training activities. He has not been to the doctor in a year, but as a student athlete is required to see the doctor once every year. He has just scheduled an appointment for the end of the month in preparation for lacrosse season.
Johnny wants to be the best athlete possible and his friends' concerns have made him think about his eating habits. He has visited you at the student health center where you are volunteering with the nutrition office as part of your nutrition class. What advice can you give Johnny about sports nutrition and his current eating habits? Please give him at least five tips. Include the 'what', 'why', and 'how' for each tip. Use the sports nutrition guidelines from your recommended readings. Do not be vague.