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1. Which of the following determines how many meals a client should...

1. Which of the following determines how many meals a client should eat per day?

  1. The trainer's discretion
  2. Client preference
  3. According to how the client's body responds
  4. It should always be 5 meals per day

2. What plane of motion do lateral raises take place in?

  1. Rotational
  2. Transverse
  3. Frontal
  4. Sagittal

3. Which of the following training principles dictates increasing load or intensity each mesocycle?

  1. Progressive overload
  2. GAS
  3. Quality training
  4. Individual differences

4. What exercise should be performed LAST?

  1. Shuttle runs
  2. Power snatch
  3. Overhead press
  4. Front raise

5. Which of the following is the recommended exercise intensity level for a client with Type I diabetes?

  1. Less than 40% MHR
  2. 40-54% MHR
  3. 55-85% MHR
  4. More than 86% MHR

6. High Normal blood pressure is categorized as which of the following?

  1. 140-159/90-99
  2. 120/80
  3. 130-139/85-89
  4. 160/100

7. Which of the following populations is most at risk for Osgood Schlatter's disease?

  1. Pregnant
  2. Senior
  3. Youth
  4. Disabled

8. Constant agonist-antagonist muscle contractions occur in order to maintain a certain position during:

  1. Guided movement
  2. Sustained force
  3. Dynamic balance
  4. Ballistic movement

9. Which of the following represents safe load increases for a beginner client?

  1. 5-10%
  2. 1-4%
  3. 12-15%
  4. 16-18%

10. How many hours of activity should portion sizes for meals be enough to sustain for?

  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4

11. In order to calculate lean and fat mass, you must multiply the body fat percentage by which of the following?

  1. Height
  2. Age
  3. Activity level modifier
  4. Total body weight

12. Which of the following states that energy is never created nor destroyed, it's just transferred between entities?

  1. Newton's 1st law
  2. Law of thermodynamics
  3. Newton's 3rd law
  4. General adaptation syndrome

13. During a biceps curl, the triceps play what role in contraction?

  1. Antagonist
  2. Assistant
  3. Prime mover
  4. Agonist

14. Client differences are an important part of periodization and refer to which principle?

  1. SAID
  2. GAS
  3. Use/disuse
  4. Individual differences

15. Which macronutrient is the most readily available for energy production?

  1. Fats
  2. Leucine
  3. Carbohydrates
  4. Valine

16. Which of the following is the best way to earn a client's trust when they are feeling the water before jumping in?

  1. Utilize a plan that has worked for similar clients
  2. Let the client tell you what they want the plan to be
  3. Dictate to the client what the plan will be
  4. Create a plan that you have both jointly discovered

17. A lateral leg raise demonstrates which type of movement?

  1. Adduction
  2. Extension
  3. Abduction
  4. Hyperextension

18. When levels of sodium in the blood are too low, which condition can occur?

  1. Hyponatremia
  2. Dehydration
  3. Proteinuria
  4. Decreased blood sugar

19. If a client is suffering from insulin shock, what should a trainer give them?

  1. Sugar
  2. Fiber
  3. Caffeine
  4. Water

20. Obesity and stress are confirmed risk factors for which of the following?

  1. Arthritis
  2. Coronary heart disease
  3. Type II diabetes
  4. Kidney disease

21. A client has a history of heart disease, what should the trainer request?

  1. 12 min run/ walk test
  2. Medical clearance
  3. Signed waiver
  4. PAR-Q form

22. Maximal heart rate is calculated by subtracting your age from:

  1. 100
  2. 180
  3. 220
  4. 200

23. In which of the following are the triceps considered the agonist?

  1. Bench press
  2. Preacher curl
  3. Overhead extension
  4. Chin-up

24. Body composition testing determines which of the following?

  1. Lean mass and fat mass
  2. Overall bodyweight
  3. Somatotype classification
  4. Body mass index

25. A client says they have a headache, what should the trainer do?

  1. Recommend they drink water, then stop the training session
  2. Give them Advil, then stop the training session
  3. Give them a prescription medication, then continue training session
  4. Give them Advil, then continue training session

26. Which of the following is the maximum arterial pressure occurring during contraction of the left ventricle of the heart?

  1. Systolic pressure
  2. Diastolic pressure
  3. Heart rate
  4. Pulse

27. At what age will most adults experience decrease ROM?

  1. 40
  2. 45
  3. 50
  4. 55

28. Which of the following measures exercise intensity?

  1. Rate of perceived exertion
  2. Daily caloric intake
  3. Basal metabolic rate
  4. Heinneman's Size Principle

29. Which of the following body types will have an inflated BMI?

  1. Extremely thin
  2. Extremely muscular
  3. Ectomorph
  4. Mesomorph

30. Why are children more susceptible to heat exhaustion and stroke?

  1. Children's VO2 max capabilities are lower
  2. Children's muscular strength is low
  3. Children's metabolism is higher
  4. Children do not sweat as much

31. "Keep your heels on the ground" is an appropriate cue to give clients during which of the following movements?

  1. Dumbbell incline bench press
  2. Squat
  3. Lunge
  4. Bench press

32. The need for different phases of training helps to prevent which of the following?

  1. Peak performance
  2. Rest and recovery
  3. Enhanced performance
  4. Overtraining

33. Myofibrils are constructed of overlapping strands of protein polymers known as which of the following?

  1. Actin and tropomyosin
  2. Tropin and myosin
  3. Tropoactin and myosin
  4. Actin and myosin

34. Which of the following is the agonist used in the upright row exercise?

  1. Triceps
  2. Deltoid
  3. Latissimus dorsi
  4. Gastrocnemius

35. Programming tempo runs for a client who wishes to compete in a race represents which training principle?

  1. Progressive overload
  2. SAID principle
  3. Henneman's size principle
  4. 2-for-2 rule

36. The systolic blood pressure reading of 140-159 is what stage of Hypertension?

  1. Stage 2
  2. Stage 1
  3. Stage 3
  4. High Normal

37. Which of the following is an example of an outcome goal?

  1. Lose 10 pounds
  2. Eat out only once a week
  3. Workout 3 days a week
  4. Go for a walk daily

38. After training, how long does it typically take for DOMS to set in?

  1. 6-11 hours
  2. 49-72 hours
  3. 12-48 hours
  4. 1-5 hours

39. Metabolism can be categorized in which of the following phases?

  1. Symbiosis and anabolism
  2. Morphosis and catabolism
  3. Symbiosis and catabolism
  4. Catabolism and anabolism

40. Which joint permits limited gliding movement and can be found in the bones of the wrist?

  1. Arthrodial
  2. Condyloid
  3. Ball and socket
  4. Trochoidal

Answer & Explanation
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