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meaning of: saturated and unsaturated, alkene, alkyne, alene, conjugated,
cumulated double bonds, vinyl group, allyl group, trigonal carbon, sp2 hybridization,
estricted rotation, sigma bond, pi bond, cis and trans double bond isomers, addition
eaction, Markovnikov's rule, electrophile, nucleophile, symmetrical and unsymmetrical
double bonds and reagents, carbocation, 1,2-addition, 1,4-addition, cycloaddition,
dienophile, polymer, monomer, polymerization, glycol, ozone, ozonolysis, combustion.
Give the structure of an acyclic or cyclic alkene, alkyne, diene, etc. and state the IUPAC
Given the IUPAC name of an alkene, alkyne, diene, etc. write the structural formula.
Given the names acetylene and propylene, write the structural formula.
Given the molecular formula of a hydrocarbon and the number of double bonds, triple
ponds, or rings, draw the possible structures.
Given the name or abbreviated structure of an unsaturated compound, tell whether it
can exist in cis and trans isomeric forms and how many. Draw them.
Given an alkene, alkyne, or diene, and one of the following reagents, draw the structure
of the products: (a) acids such as HCI, HBr, HI, and water in the presence of an acid
catalyst; (b) halogens such as bromine and chlorine; (c) hydrogen and palladium,
platinum, or nickel.
Given the structure or name of a compound that can be prepared by an addition
eaction, deduce what unsaturated compound and what reagent reacted to form it. And
draw the mechanism.
Given an unsymmetrical alkene and an unsymmetrical electrophilic reagent, give the
structure of the predominant product (that is, apply Markovnikov's rule).
Given a conjugated diene and a reagent that adds to it, write the structures of the 1,2-
and 1,4-addition products.
Given a diene and dienophile, write the structure of the resulting cycloaddition
Diels-Alder) adduct.
Given the structure of a cyclic compound that can be synthesized by the Diels-Alder
eaction, deduce the structures of the required diene and dienophile.

Top Answer

Answer: Hydro carbons are the... View the full answer


Acyclic Alkene:
Cyclic Alkene:
Chemical Formula:
Chemical Formula: C3H4
Chemical Formula: C4He
Chemical Formula: CH10

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