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Question 1 2 points Save The definition of "health" includes absence of illness. physical fitness. mental and social well-being.

Question 1 2 points Save
The definition of "health" includes

absence of illness.
physical fitness.
mental and social well-being.
all of these
Question 2 2 points Save
In the early 1900s, the leading causes of death in the United States were

infectious diseases.
chronic diseases.
natural disasters.
Question 3 2 points Save
In 1947, the ________ clarified that "health is the state of complete physical, mental and social well being, not just the absence of disease or infirmity."

U.S. Department of Health Services
International Health, Education, and Welfare Association
World Health Organization
United Nations
Question 4 2 points Save
Wellness is best defined as

a static process.
a dynamic process.
one dimensional.
unrelated to one's environment.
Question 5 2 points Save
Life expectancy in the United States has increased significantly since the early 1900s because of

less war and violence.
better advances in sanitation and medical care.
a more diverse population.
globalization issues.
Question 6 2 points Save
Today's major health issues and leading causes of death are primarily influenced by

the physical environment.
access to health care.
genetics and family history.
behavior and lifestyles.
Question 7 2 points Save
The dimensions of physical health include all of the following except:

activities of daily living.
ability to think clearly.
body shape and size.
sensory acuity.
Question 8 2 points Save
Mortality statistics describe

illness rates.
accident rates.
chronic disease rates.
death rates.
Question 9 2 points Save
Jill has many friends, is respected by her co-workers, and maintains a great relationship with her boyfriend. Her ability to interact with others is an example of this dimension of health.

Question 10 2 points Save
Efficacy, trust, love, self-esteem, and self confidence are all part of which dimension of health?

Question 11 2 points Save
Spiritual health could best be described as

exclusive to religiosity.
optional for achieving wellness.
related to one's purpose in life.
finding fulfilling relationships.
Question 12 2 points Save
Emotional health can best be described as

being able to be self-sufficient and self confident.
being able to problem solve emotional problems.
being able to express as well as control feelings.
being able to adapt to various social situations.
Question 13 2 points Save
In 1990, the U.S. Surgeon General proposed a plan for promoting the health status of individuals and groups. Today, the plan has evolved into

Healthy People 2010.
The Nation's Health Report.
U.S. News & World Report.
Morbidity and Mortality Report.
Question 14 2 points Save
Health promotion

involves social justice aimed at health care for all Americans.
refers to informational campaigns about health.
includes organizational and financial supports to promote health.
focuses on curing illness and disease.
Question 15 2 points Save
Behaviors that increase susceptibility to negative health outcomes are

cues to action.
risk behaviors.
precipitating behavioral factors.
reinforcing positive behaviors.
Question 16 2 points Save
Effective health promotion programs

only look to change negative behaviors.
are primarily educational.
encourage those with sound health habits to maintain them.
can't do much to change health related individual attitudes.
Question 17 2 points Save
Taking positive action now to avoid becoming sick later is known as

health intervention.
tertiary care.
attitude adjustment.
Question 18 2 points Save
An example of secondary prevention is

receiving the flu vaccine.
flossing your teeth.
practicing safe sex.
joining a smoking cessation program.
Question 19 2 points Save
Health education for elementary school students is best described as which of the following levels of prevention?

Question 20 2 points Save
An exercise and healthy eating plan to recover from coronary bypass surgery is an example of

health promotion.
secondary prevention.
tertiary prevention.
primary prevention.
Question 21 2 points Save
Recognition of tobacco as a health hazard is

not yet established by science.
only true for people who smoke.
one of the ten greatest public health achievements of the twentieth century.
only important for young people.
Question 22 2 points Save
Clean, safe, water and improved sanitation have contributed to

control of infectious disease.
better governmental social control.
better studies of the population's drinking habits.
cancer causing microorganisms.
Question 23 2 points Save
The number of new cases of an illness each year is referred to as

Question 24 2 points Save
The usual number of cases of an illness occurring in the United States would be reported as the

Question 25 2 points Save
One reason women have not been included in clinical drug trials is

because two separate trials for men and women would be needed.
concern about how a medication would affect a fetus or childbearing capabilities.
problems with recruiting women to be involved with the studies.
women tend to drop out of studies.
Question 26 2 points Save
The Women's Health Initiative is a study focusing on

the health of women of all ages.
the leading causes of death for young women.
the leading causes of death for postmenopausal women.
the disease rates in women of all ages.
Question 27 2 points Save
The first leading cause of death for young adults (ages 15-24) in the United States is

unintentional injuries.
Question 28 2 points Save
The leading cause of death for Americans is

heart disease.
Question 29 2 points Save
Factors that may add "life to your years" include

controlling stress.
viewing mistakes as an opportunity to grow.
maintaining relationships with family and friends.
all of these
Question 30 2 points Save
Life experiences, knowledge, family background, beliefs, and values are examples of

enabling factors.
reinforcing factors.
motivational factors.
predisposing factors.
Question 31 2 points Save
Leisa grew up in a physically active family. Now that Leisa lives on her own, they continually check on her to see if she is exercising and praise her for joining a fitness club. This is an example of

a predisposing factor.
a confirming factor.
a reinforcing factor.
an enabling factor.
Question 32 2 points Save
A high membership cost at a local gym might serve as a

primary motivator.
positive enabler.
secondary motivator.
negative enabler.
Question 33 2 points Save
A good example of an enabling factor is

living near a walking path when you want to begin a walking program.
nagging your parents because they smoke.
encouraging your spouse to go to the fitness club with you.
having friends who exercise.
Question 34 2 points Save
Actions that increase susceptibility to negative health outcomes are

health promotion activities.
disease prevention activities.
exposure factors.
risk behaviors.
Question 35 2 points Save
An adolescent smoker might think lung cancer only happens to old people. This is an example of which construct of the Health Belief Model?

perceived seriousness
perceived susceptibility
cues to action
demographic variables
Question 36 2 points Save
A stable set of beliefs and feelings is

a belief.
an attitude.
a conviction.
Question 37 2 points Save
Observing a friend's successful attempts to quit smoking in order to help yourself quit smoking is an example of

Question 38 2 points Save
According to the Theory of Planned Behavior, subjective norms

are not linked to our behavioral intentions.
can have a strong positive or negative impact on our behavioral intentions.
comprise what we think about the effects of our actions.
relate to our beliefs about the constraints on our behaviors.
Question 39 2 points Save
When applying the strategy of shaping to behavior change, one should

set very demanding goals for oneself.
only reward oneself when reaching the main goal.
use small achievable steps.
expect this strategy to provide immediate success.
Question 40 2 points Save
Going out for dinner as a reward for finishing a big project is an example of a(n) ________ type of reinforcer.

Question 41 2 points Save
Lower health insurance rates for non-smokers is an example of a/an ________ type of reinforcer.

Question 42 2 points Save
Not allowing yourself to think about getting stage fright and only focusing on the words when preparing to do a speech would be an example of

rational emotive therapy.
blocking/thought stopping.
Question 43 2 points Save
All of the following would be good advice for changing a behavior except:

Understand your behavior.
Make several major changes at the same time.
Build in support and reinforcement.
Plan for setbacks.
Question 44 2 points Save
When analyzing personal behavior, consider all of the following except:

the frequency of the problem behavior.
what your partner thinks of your behavior.
the duration of the behavior.
your perceived seriousness of the problem behavior.
Question 45 2 points Save
In order to change problem behaviors

set realistic goals.
try to change all negative behaviors at the same time.
have a counselor decide which behavior to work on.
consider the possible negative outcomes.
it will cost money.
Question 46 2 points Save
Many athletes use this strategy to visualize attainment of goals.

imagined rehearsal
athletic imagery
vicarious performance
Question 47 2 points Save
A strategy for overcoming the obstacle of stress could include

seeking emotional support.
identifying sources of stress.
finding constructive ways to deal with stress.
all of these
Question 48 3 points Save
When setting realistic goals, consider

if the behavior change is attainable.
the potential outcomes.
services that may be of help in achieving the goal.
all of these
Question 49 3 points Save
Rational-emotive therapy principles applied to behavior change include


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