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Axia College Material Appendix B Biomedical and Biopsychosocial Models What causes illness?

Appendix B

Biomedical and Biopsychosocial Models

Axia College Material Appendix B Biomedical and Biopsychosocial Models What causes illness? There are different beliefs about the root cause of ill health, which affects the way the caregiver communicates. This activity will help you understand the biomedical and biopsychosocial models that encompass the different theories and beliefs about illness, and will help you gain insight into the types of communication to expect with each model. Categorize each theory, belief, or caregiver communication under the correct model—biomedical or biopsychosocial—by placing an “ X ” in the appropriate column as shown below. Then, answer the questions that follow. Biomedical Model Biopsychosocial Model Causes of Ill Health Germs make you sick. X Individual “frame of mind” can add to or reduce ill health. Illness is a physical phenomenon. Illness can be treated through physical means. Illness is a physical, mental, and social phenomenon. Emotions and feelings are taken into account. Approach is efficient and definitive Diagnosis is evidence-based Approach is personal Approach is impersonal Most patients prefer caregivers who use this model. Diagnosis can be time- consuming Caregiver Communication “When did your symptoms start?” “It must be painful, how do you feel about it?” “Which parts of your body hurt?” “Are you having difficulty working because of it?” “Is it a sharp pain?” “How long does the pain last?” “Do you have supportive HCA 230
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family or friends?” “What pain medicines have you tried?” 1. What are the main differences between the biomedical and biopsychosocial models? 2. Which model would you prefer your caregiver follow? Explain. 3. Which model do you think is more effective in helping an ill person return to good health? Explain. HCA 230
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