a.boys are more likely to die in falls; girls are more likely to die from drowning
b.most childhood deaths occur when children are under careful adult supervision.
c.Drowning is the second most common cause of childhood deaths.
d.Poor children are twice as likely to die in fires than children of relative
2.when children are about ___________ months of age, they can usually be taught to enhance their memory through rehearsal strategies.
a.36 b. 24 c.18 d.12
3.at age five, Diana can draw a reasonable representation of a house, complete with smoke coming out of the chimney. You can reasonably assume that Diana
a.has mastered the placement and shape stages of drawing.
b.Is at the pictorial stage of drawing.
c.Has entered the pictogram stage of drawing
d.Understands how houses are built as well as how they should look.
4.observing johnny’s parents interacting with him, you detect that they’re extremely strict. Therefore, you can guess that their parenting style is probably
a. authoritative b. permissive c. authoritarian d. productive-assertive
5. listening to devon talk you recognize the appearance of over regularization when she says
a. daddy goed there
b. look at the doggy in referring to a cow
c.mommy wanted to
d.mr.sheep sat on it referring to a picture in a storybook
6. you may most accurately say that the minor illnesses a child must cope with between ages one and six years of age
a. have no significant effect on the child’s immune system
b. increase the likelihood of illnesses later in life.
c. may produce protective antibodies.
d. protect a child from major illnesses that occur in adulthood.
7. moticing that alice;s parents are unresponsive and that they make few, if any, demands for her to display mature behavior, you’re most likely to decide that alice’s parents are
8. as a child develops a ______ of mind, she learns to explain and predict the behavior of others by reference to her own mental processes.
a. concept b. model c. representation d.theory
9. which of the following statements is most accurate regarding the corpus callosum?
a. it’s largely myelinated by the age of eight
b. it’s mainly involved in processing visual information
c. it connects the brain stem to the frontal regions of the brain
d. it doesn’t develop until the preschool years.
10. you’re likely to be seeing regression when maria, the firstborn, reacts to the birth of her new sister by
a. pleading with mom to let her help with the baby.
b. suddenly having “accidents” well after she’s been potty trained
c. making fun of her little sister when she spits her food
d. getting bossy with her little sister.
11.two-year-old peter has an imaginary friend named copy. His parents should know that this means
a. he’ll probably have lower-than-average verbal skills
b. he’ll probably have difficulty making friends.
c. he’s likely to be creative and more advanced in language.
d. he’s lonely
12. Enuresis is to ladder control as encopresis is to
a. bed-setting b. diuretics. c. soiling d. ant diuretics.
13. in the jeeter family, Jason is the oldest, his sister, Barbara, is the middle child, and chloe is the “baby” which statement about the jeeters and their children is most likely to be accurate?
a.the jeeter place when myelination fails.
b. it involves the steady replacement of dendrites by axons.
c. Barbara is more likely to have lower self-esteem than Jason is
d. Jason is likely to be more aggressive in seeking out attention than either Barbara or chloe.
14. regarding the brain’s plasticity, which of the following statements is most accurate?
a. it takes place when myelination fails
b. it involves the steady replacement of dendrites by axons
c. in increases as we get older.
d. it’s enhanced by dendrite “sprouting”
15. which of the following statements best illustrates the ideas of gender-schema theory?
a. as a boy you’re anxious to show others that you’re a boy and that you’ll always be a boy
b. as a girl, you organize your impressions of the world around your experience of being a girl
c. as a boy, the way you organize information about the world has to do with the way your brain development is affected by androgens
d. as a girl you challenge gender stability, since you recognize the advantages of being a boy in our society
16. for children to understand the idea of class inclusion, they must also understand
a. reversibility and centration
b. irreversibility and conservation
c. demand characteristics, conservation, and contration
d. reversibility and conservation
17. since sally is left- handed , you can assume that
a. her condition was culturally induced
b. her mother is left-handed and sally favored her left hand through imitation
c. she probably began to develop left-handedness in her late childhood
d. she’s statistically more likely to be good at math than other kids her age
18 as a proponent of vygotsky’s ideas about child development, you would refer to the gap between what a child is able to do and what he or she would be able to do with some help from others as a
a. virtual scaffold b. zone of responsiveness c. structural zone d. zone of proximal development
19. nightmares and dreams are rapid-dyd-movement sleep as night terrors and ______ are to non-rapid-eye-movement sleep
a. phobias b. somnambulism c. insomnia d. dreamrecall
20. leon is more likely to demonstrate prosocial behavior if
a. one of his parents was permissive-indulgent and the other was authoritarian
b. he has had a secure attachment to both parents
c. his parents encouraged him to be obedient in all things and negligent of none.
d. his parents recognized his need to rebel without acknowledging it
21. if you give a five-year-old child piaget’s three-mountain test, you’re interested in assessing the child’s
a. transductive reasoning b. egocentrism. C. animism d. precausal reasoning
22.transitinoal object, such as stuffed animals and other favorite toys.
a. may help children gain greater independence from their parents and / or caregivers
b. may sometimes prompt nightmares associated with fears of parental abandonment
c. may make it more difficult for children to gain independence from their parents and/or caregivers
d. very often become symbols for a child aggressive feelings.
23.you’re watching 18-month-olds at play. What you’re most likely to observe is
a. boys and girls interacting in complex roles
b. children imitating each other without actually interacting
c. children largely “ doing their own thing” in their own way
d. children interacting in simple ways, such as exchanging and naming toys.
24. because you’re familiar with Kohlberg’s work. You understand that by age four, sally will probably have reached a stage of gender
a. constancy, b. identity c. stability d. acceptance
25. for children to understand their mental representations, they need to understand that
a. objects they can’t see continue to exist
b. changes in shape need not involve changes in substance
c. appearance and reality don’t always match
d. out of sight is out of mind.
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