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# Lencan Homework (The data is at the end) Do not reconstruct the vowels, only the consonants. Vowels may be a conditioning factor in a consonant shift...

set up the correspondence sets ?
Lencan Homework (The data is at the end) Do not reconstruct the vowels, only the consonants. Vowels may be a conditioning factor in a consonant shift though. Do not give reconstructions of words, only proto sounds. You should not include a word by word analysis. State each historical process only once. Remember t', k', and ts' are to be treated as single consonants, not consonant clusters. Skip word #33. Correspondence Sets are made between sounds, not words. For example, Lenca Chilanga x, y y A B this shows that the sounds x and y in Lenca correspond to the sound y in Chilanga, and that the sound A in Lenca corresponds to B in Chilanga. Proto sounds are the sounds that exist in the mother language of Lenca and Chilanga. Indicate these with an asterisk. Lenca Chilanga x, y y A B Proto sounds *y *A All sound changes must be accounted for by describing what change took place, the phonetic context it took place in, and the language it applies to. Since there is not change between *A and A in Lenca no sound change needs to be mentioned. However, you would need to specify that *A became B in Chilanga. You would also need to specify that *y became x in Lenca. Since not every instance of *y changed you would need to specify when *y became x in Lenca. If the sounds in both languages are identical don't bother mentioning the fact. For example, both languages have /p/ in identical contexts, so the there must have been *p, and no sound change occurred in either language.
Sound changes may be stated in prose or using simple formulas. Prose: *A became B in Chilanga Formula: *A > B in Chilanga Prose: *y became x word-finally in Lenca Formula *y > x / __# in Lenca Prose: *y became x word-initially in Lenca Formula: *y > x / #__ in Lenca Prose: *y became x before a consonant in Lenca Formula *y > x / __ C in Lenca Prose: *z was deleted between vowels in Chilanga Formula: *z > Ø / V __ V in Chilanga The relative chronology needs to be stated if one sound change must have occurred before another one. If this is the case you would state that *A > B must have happened before *z > Ø. If there is no relative chronology state that no order of the changes is necessary. The finished product should look similar to this: Lenca Chilanga x, y y A B Proto sounds Sound changes *y *y > x / __ C in Lenca *A *A > B in Chilanga Relative Chronology *A > B must have happened before *y > x .
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