By 1840 the South was on the cutting edge of the Market Revolution because...
a.) it produced and exported 1.5 million bales of raw cotton, over two-thirds of the world supply.
b.) planters were using European immigrants as industrial workers.
c.) planters were building factories to process cotton.
d.) southern society was dominated by free labor.
Question 33 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the American party system by the early 1840s?
a.) As the 1840 election demonstrated, the Whigs held the edge in party discipline and mass loyalty.
b.) The two parties offered virtually the same social and economic platform but employed differing campaign styles to attract voters.
c.)the practice of Americans voting for a particular party along ethnic and religious lines began to emerge.
d.) The Democrats had a major advantage in their wealth and the cohesiveness of their leadership and support.
Question 34 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
Around 1820-1840, the economic conditions for casual day laborers in American cities...
a.) improved because they gained greater geographical mobility and were in high demand on new construction projects everywhere.
b.)held steady, neither improving nor worsening.
c.) bore the brunt of unemployment during business depressions.
d.) improved slightly because, even though their wages were declining relative to living costs, they benefited from a heightened sense of charity among the middle class.
Question 35 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo...
a.) was rejected by the US Senate.
b.) prohibited slavery in all territories ceded by Mexico, including Texas.
c.) ceded Alta, California; New Mexico; and Texas north of the Nueces River to the United States, in addition to requiring Mexico to pay reparations of more than $50 million.
d.) purchased more than one-third of Mexico's territory for $15 million.
Question 36 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
The Mayflower Compact...
a.) was the first “constitution” adopted in North America.
b.) was the Pilgrims' declaration of independence from England.
c.) proclaimed the Pilgrims' new religious denomination, known as the Separatist Church.
d.) pledged the settlers of the Plymouth Colony to create a democratic form of government.
Question 37 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
a.) received an unusually thorough education in England, which put him in touch with Enlightenment ideas unknown to most Americans.
b.) was a fervent advocate of the Enlightenment but claimed to be equally influenced by the Bible.
c.) was the son of a devout Philadelphia Quaker.
d.) founded a club of mutual improvement in Philadelphia to discuss moral and political questions.
Question 38 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes the relationship between church and state in post-revolutionary America?
a.) Most citizens accepted the principle of separation of church and state.
b.) The Baptist Church led the campaign for state protection and funding of all Christian denominations.
c.) Most religious denominations served their links to the states.
d.) By 1787, the Anglican Church of Virginia was the only example of an established church in any state.
Question 39 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
Martin Van Buren's most significant contribution to American political history in the 1820s was his...
a.) pioneering work in making party discipline an effective tool for governing in a democracy.
b.) behind-the-scenes efforts to settle the confused election of 1824 by putting John Quincy Adams in the White House and making Henry Clay secretary of state.
c.) development of the techniques of mass electioneering that brought about Andrew Jackson's election in 1828.
d.)1827 book Democracy in America, which showed how democracy could work in American society.
Question 40 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
In the aftermath of the nullification crisis, President Jackson responded to southern concerns about the tariff by...
a.) insisting that high protective tariffs were in the national interest.
b.) attempting unsuccessfully to have Congress repeal the Tariff of 1832.
c.) persuading Congress to pass new legislation enacting a compromise tariff to gradually reduce duties.
d.) ignoring the issue.
Question 41 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
A peace treaty was not signed until nearly two years after the surrender at Yorktown because...
a.) the American negotiators sought delays so that state governments could coordinate their demands.
b.) France and Spain stalled, hoping for some major naval victory or territorial conquest.
c.) members of Parliament could not reach agreement on the concessions that they were willing to make.
d.) the usual delays in transatlantic communications prolonged the process.
Question 42 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
The ancestors of the Native American peoples...
a.) always lived in the Western Hemisphere.
b.) migrated by sea from Polynesia.
c.) migrated by sea from China.
d.) migrated by land from northeastern Asia.
Question 43 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
All of the following are rights guaranteed by the first ten amendments to the Constitution except...
a.) the right to a jury trial.
b.) the right to vote.
c.) the right to bear arms.
d.) freedom of speech.
Question 44 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
One social change resulting from the Industrial Revolution in early nineteenth century America was that members of the upper class...
a.) came to hold the same cultural and religious values as wage earners in contrast to the elitism that in the eighteenth century had kept the gentry and the "common people" apart.
b.) openly distanced themselves by values and lifestyle from wage earners in contrast to the shared cultural and religious values that had united the gentry and ordinary folk in the eighteenth century.
c.) became more hypocritical, pretending to share cultural and religious values with wage earners, but actually behaving very differently.
d.) tended to claim that they had risen "from rags to riches" and to flaunt their crude taste and rough manners in contrast to "gentlemanly" values of the eighteenth-century elites.
Question 45 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
George Washington's success as a general is most accurately explained by...
a.) his political astuteness and ability to act decisively.
b.) his strong personality, which enabled him to override the decisions of Congress.
c.) a lack of any competitors among the other Patriot officers.
d.) his willingness to overlook the actions of discontented soldiers, which endeared him to his troops.
Question 46 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
The Compromise of 1850 did not include which of the following?
a.) Abolition of the slave trade in the District of Columbia.
b.) Adoption of a strong fugitive slave law.
c.) The organization of the New Mexico and Utah territories on the basis of popular sovereignty.
d.) Abolition of slavery in the Oregon Territory.
Question 47 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
At the same time that Parliament imposed the Stamp Act, it also passed the Quartering Act, which required...
a.) Americans to vacate their houses or take in British troops on the demand of any commander.
b.) colonial governments to provide barracks and food for British troops.
c.) that Americans convicted of treason be hanged and “quartered”; that is, cut into four pieces by the hangman.
d.) that collectors of the stamp tax receive a commission of one-quarter of the revenue they took in.
Question 48 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
The Glorious Revolution in England and America...
a.) had little impact on either England or North America apart from deposing the Stuarts and barring Roman Catholics from the English throne.
b.) contributed significantly to the creation of a new empire based on commerce, with a curb on royal monopolies, encouragement of enterprising merchants, and development of the American colonies as a source of wealth.
c.) created democratic governments in Massachusetts, New York, and Maryland, but not in England.
d.) represented a major step toward democracy in both England and the North American colonies.
Question 49 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points)
The Puritans in late sixteenth-century England...
a.) denied the concept that everyone had a calling” from God.
b.) incorporated into their religion many of the traditional Roman Catholic practices, such as burning incense and praying to dead saints.
c.) championed literacy so that everyone could read and interpret the Bible.
d.)gave final authority over religious doctrine to bishops and synods.
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