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# Categorizing Fallacies Directions: Using Appendix 2 (pp.

Categorizing Fallacies

Directions:

1. Using Appendix 2 (pp. 486-490), located in the Course Materials Forum under Week 5 Assignments, categorize each fallacy statement by copying the fallacy type from the list below into the spaces provided. Fallacies may not be used more than once.

2. Provide an explanation as to why you chose that particular fallacy.

3. After you’ve completed the matrix in full, SAVE IT, and POST this entire attachment to your Individual Forum no later than Day 7.

Possible Fallacies:

Wishful thinking
“Argument” from popularity

“Argument” from envy
“Argument” from outrage
Straw man

Post hoc
Red herring / smokescreen
Group think

Scare tactics
Apple Polishing
Hasty generalizing

Fallacy Statements

Fallacy Statement Fallacy Type & Explanation

1. It’s disgraceful that a member of the Elks Lodge would go out to fast food restaurants every night. The Elks believe in family values, including home-cooked meals. Fallacy Type:

Explanation:

2. From a teenager confronted by his parent about breaking curfew: “Why do we have to keep harping on this curfew thing? Let’s talk about that A grade I’m getting in algebra.” Fallacy Type:

Explanation:

3. I don’t care if she is the top psychiatrist in the state! Her theory on sibling rivalry is extreme. How can we believe anything she says if she subscribes to theories of that nature? Fallacy Type:

Explanation:

4. My friend, who goes to college in another state, said girls from that sorority are mean. That girl we just met, Tracy, is from the same sorority, so I don’t trust her. Fallacy Type:

Explanation:

5. Sure, I’ve heard that it’s better to not eat cheeseburgers every day, but it’s extra protein and protein is good for you. Fallacy Type:

Explanation:

6. From a conspiracy theorist: “Come on, everyone knows that the government has lied to us in the past. This case isn’t any different.” Fallacy Type:

Explanation:

7. On a radio ad: Have you been fatigued, irritable, moody? If these symptoms are ignored, you might become depressed or even suicidal! Ward off the blues by taking a pill proven to cheer you up. Millions of people have, and they’re glad they did! Fallacy Type:

Explanation:

8. From one politician about another: “He’s a two-faced, liberal, antifamily, antivalues idealist!” Fallacy Type:

Explanation:

9. If it weren’t for the president’s environmental policy, we would not be dealing with these environmental catastrophes. Fallacy Type:

Explanation:

10. From one mom to another: “I can’t believe Shelia lets her kids watch that garbage! I always knew she wasn’t very strict. Now our kids will be over there watching that junk, too!” Fallacy Type:

Explanation:

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