The seven step decision model
Determine the facts
What do we need to know?
Who is involved in the situation?
Where does the ethical situation take place?
When does it occur?
Define the precise ethical issue.
Identify the principals, rules, and values.
Specify the alternatives. list the major alternative courses of action, including those that represent some form of compromise. This may be a choice between simply doing or not doing something.
Compare values and alternatives
Determine if there is one principal or value, or a combination of principals, and values that is so compelling that the proper alternative is clear.
Assess the consequences
Identify short- term, long term, positive, and negative consequences for the major alternatives. The short- term gain or loss is often overridden when long – long term consequences are considered. This step often reveals an unanticipated result of major importance.
Make a decision
The consequences are balanced against one’s primary principals or values. Always double check your decision